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一首涼州詞,越過玉門關:甘肅地名為何那么好聽?


更新日期:2021-01-13 09:49:35來源:網絡點擊:684272
隱私權,隱秘而偉大,隱藏分查詢,雙限房,雙面君王,雙面膠怎么去除

BEN WEN YUE 4180 ZI

YUE DU XU YAO 12 min

TIQIGANSU,RENMENZONGHUIYOULIANPIANDEFUXIANG。DUIYIXIERENLAISHUO,TAYIWEIZHUXIANGYUQUANGUODEXIBEIMEISHI,KUAYUSANQIANDUOLIDEFENGWURENQING;ZAILINGYIXIERENDEXINLI,TAZEYIWEIZHUPIAOYAODEZHONGNIANBUHUADEQILIANBAIXUE,FANGUNZHUMANGMANGHUANGSHADEDAMOGUYAN,YIJIBIANLILEDOUZHUANXINGYIDEGULAOCHENGSHI。

GANSUSHENGNEIDECHENGSHI,WULUNDAXIAO,PUBIANDOUYOUYIGEHAOTINGDEMINGZI,PINGLIANG、BAIYIN、TIANSHUI、WUWEI、ZHANGYE、JIUQUAN、DUNHUANG、YUMEN……JIBIANMEIYOUQUGUO,RENMENYEZONGJINGYOUSHIFU、SHIJI、NAIZHIGEYAODEXIELU,ERDUIZHEXIEMINGZISHIFENSHUREN。

GANSUSHENGDITU,TUPIANYUANYUWANGLUO

ZHEXIECHENGSHIJIUJINGHESHIDEMING,WEISHENMEZHEXIEDIMINGTINGQILAIZONGHUIJIJUESHIYI,YOUYOUYIZHONGGUPUCANGLIANGZHIGANNI?

初開河西

GANSU,WEIYUWOGUOXIBEIBIANCHUI,DONGXIHENGGUANHEXIZOULANG。XIANQINSHIQIZHONGGUOCHUFENJIUZHOU,GANSUSHUYUYONGZHOUZHIDI。BUGUO,GANSUYUZHONGYUANWANGCHAOZHENZHENGJIANLIJINMIDEGUANXI,HUANYAOWANDAOQINHANZHIJI。YEZHENGSHIZAIZHEDUANSHIJIAN,GANSUJINGNEIDEDABUFENCHENGSHIYOULEZUICHUDEMINGCHENG。

ZHELIZUIZAODEMINGDECHENGSHI,YAOSHUYUZHONGXIAN。ZHANGUOSHIQI,ZHONGGUOBEIFANGYOULIANGGEYUZHONG,DONGBUDEYUZHONGZAIJINTIANDENEIMENGGUHUHEHAOTEHEBAOTOUZHIJIAN,JU《SHIJI》JIZAI,ZHAOWULINGWANGHUFUQISHE,ERSHINIANZHIHOUGONGZHANLEZHONGSHANGUO,XIANGXIGONGCHENGLVEDIZHIYUZHONG,SHUODEJIUSHIZHEGEYUZHONG。XIBUDEYUZHONGJIJINTIANGANSUSHENGYUZHONGXIAN,QINSHIHUANGSANSHIERNIAN (QIAN214NIAN) ,DAJIANGMENGTIANXIANGXIQUZHUXIONGNU,GONGZHANLEZIYUZHONGZHIHUANGHEYANANDEDIFANG,BINGZAIHEBIANJIANCHENG,SHIWEIYUZHONG (“XIBEICHIZHUXIONGNU,ZIYUZHONGBINGHEYIDONG,SHUZHIYINSHAN,YIWEISANSHISIXIAN(YIWEISISHISIXIAN),CHENGHESHANGWEISAI”) 。

BUGUO,QINMIEZHIHOU,YUZHONGZAICIBEIXIONGNUBUZUGONGZHAN。YIZHIDAOJIANGJIN80DUONIANYIHOU,QINGKUANGCAIYOULEZHUANJI。ZHEZEGUSHI,HUANYAOCONGXIANYINUMADESHAONIAN“ZHANSHEN”HUOQUBINGSHUOQI。XIHANYUANSHOUERNIAN (QIAN121NIAN) CHUN,GANGGANGNIANMAN19SUIDEHUOQUBINGBEIHANWUDIRENMINGWEIPIAOQIJIANGJUN。SHINIANCHUN、XIAZHIJI,HUOQUBINGLIANGCILVBINGCHUJIHEXIDIQUHUNXIEWANG、XIUTUWANGBU。DANGSHIDEXIONGNUZHUBU,YIJINGTUNXIALECIQIANLONGCHENGZHIZHAN、MONANZHIZHANDEBAIGUO。

DIANSHIJU《HUOQUBING》JUZHAO,HUOQUBING

ZAICHUNJIGONGSHIZHONG,HUOQUBINGLVYIWANPIAOQICHULONGXI,ZHUANZHANHEXIWUGUO,YUDANYUDEERZIJIAOZHAN。ZAIYUEGUOYANZHISHAN,6TIANZHONGJIXINGJUNYIQIANDUOLI。LIANXUSAODANG5GEXIONGNUBULUO,ZHANSHAXIONGNUZHELANWANG、LUHUWANG,JIANMIEXIONGNUJUNJINWAN。JINGHUANGSHICUODEXIONGNUXIUTUWANGHEHUNXIEWANG,LVCANBUTAOZOU,HUOQUBINGZHUIJIDAOHEXIZOULANGXIDUANDEDUNHUANGFUJIN,CAISHOUBINGHUICHE。

ZAIXIAJIGONGSHIZHONG,HUOQUBINGYUGONGSUNAO、LIGUANG、ZHANGQIANLVLINGSHUWANQIBINGFENSANLULUJINJUN。ZAIGONGSUNAOMILUCHIDAO,LIGUANG、ZHANGQIANBUCANBAIDEJUMIANXIA,HUOQUBINGBINGMEIYOUFANGMANGONGSHI,ERSHIGUODUANJUEDINGGUJUNSHENRU,ZAISIBIWUYUANDEQINGKUANGXIA,XIANGHUNXIEWANGHEXIUTUWANGCEBEIFADONGTUXI,JIANDISANWANYUREN。FULUXIONGNUWUWANG、WUWANGMU、DANYUESHI、WANGZIWUSHIJIUREN,XIANGGUO、JIANGJUN、DANGHU、DOUWEILIUSHISANREN,RANGXIONGNUDESHILISHOUDAOYICIJIDADEDAJI。CONGCI,HANCHAOKONGZHILEHEXIDIQU,WEIDATONGLEXIYUDAOLUDIANDINGJICHU。XIONGNUWEICIBEIGE:“SHIWOQILIANSHAN,SHIWOLIUCHUBUFANXI;SHIWOYANZHISHAN,SHIWOJIAFUWUYANSE。” (《SHIJI·WEIJIANGJUNPIAOQILIECHUAN》)

LIANGNIANZHIHOUDEYUANSHOUSINIAN (QIAN119NIAN) ,HANWUDIMINGWEIQING、HUOQUBINGGELVQIBINGWUWANFENBIECHUDINGXIANGHEDAIJUN,SHENRUMOBEI,XUNJIANXIONGNUZHULI。ZAIZHEYICHANGSHICHENG“MOBEIZHIZHAN”DEZHANYIZHONG,HUOQUBINGLVJUNBEIJINLIANGQIANDUOLI,YUEGUOLIHOUSHAN,DUGUOGONGLVHE,YUXIONGNUZUOXIANWANGBUJIEZHAN,JIANDIQIWANREN,FULUXIONGNUTUNTOUWANG、HANWANGDENGSANRENJIJIANGJUN、XIANGGUO、DANGHU、DOUWEIDENGBASHISANREN,CHENGSHENGZHUISHAZHILANGJUXUSHAN (JINMENGGUGUOJINGNEIKENTESHAN) ,ZAILANGJUXUSHANJUXINGLEJITIANFENGLI,ZAIGUYANSHAN (JINMENGGUGUODEZONGMOTEBOKEDUOWULASHAN) JUXINGLEJIDICHANLI,BINGFENGYIZHIBIZHIHANHAI (BEIJIAERHU)(《SHIJI·WEIJIANGJUNPIAOQILIECHUAN》:(PIAOQIJIANGJUNHUOQUBING)ZHUANJIZUODAJIANG,ZHANHUOQIGU,LISHELIHOU。JIGONGLV、HUOTUNTOUWANG、HANWANGDENGSANREN,JIANGJUN、XIANGGUO、DANGHU、DOUWEIBASHISANREN,FENGLANGJUXUSHAN,CHANYUGUYAN,DENGLINHANHAI。) 。

LIGUANG、WEIQING、HUOQUBINGCHUZHENGXIONGNUSHIYITU

SUIZHUYUXIONGNUDELIANZHANLIANJIE,“XIONGNUYUANDUN,ERMONANWUWANGTING”。HANWUDIZAIHEXIDIQUJIELIANSHEXIAZHANGYE、WUWEI、JIUQUAN、DUNHUANGSIJUN,ESHOUHEXIZOULANG。SIJUNDEMINGCHENG,YEPOYOUJIANGJIU:

武威:意為彰顯大漢軍伍的武功軍威。

酒泉:因“城下有泉,其水似酒”而得名。

敦煌:“敦”意思是“大”,“煌”意思是“盛”,就是盛大輝煌的意思,因其廣開西域,故而得名。

張掖:意為“張國臂掖,以通西域”,也即張大漢之臂膀,斷匈奴之腋窩。

ZICI,HEXIZOULANGHEZHONGYUANWANGCHAODEMINGYUNKAISHIJIAOZHI。

雍涼之地

TIQISHICIZHONGDEBIANSAI,“LIANGZHOU”ZHEGEMINGZIZONGSHIRAOBUGUOQU。TANGDAISHIRENWANGZHIHUANCENGZUO《LIANGZHOUCI》:

HUANGHEYUANSHANGBAIYUNJIAN,YIPIANGUCHENGWANRENSHAN。

QIANGDIHEXUYUANYANGLIU,CHUNFENGBUDUYUMENGUAN。

LIANGZHOUCI,SHITANGCHAOSHILIUXINGDEYIZHONGQUDIAOMING,BUSHAODAGUANXIANGUI、WENRENSAOKEDOUCENGWEIQITIANXIECHANGCI,CHULEWANGZHIHUANSUOZUOZHIWAI,HUANYOUWANGHAN、MENGHAORAN、ZHANGJI、LUYOUDENGRENDEZUOPIN。

ZAICHENGWEIWUWEISHIYIGEPUTONGXIANQUDEMINGCHENGZHIQIAN,LIANGZHOUCENGJINGSHIBAOKUOZHENGGEHEXIZHIDIZAINEIDEDAXINGZHENGQU。HANWUDIYUANFENGWUNIAN (QIAN106NIAN) ,WEILEJIAQIANGZHONGYANGDUIDIFANGDEKONGZHI,CHUJINGSHIFUJINQIJUNWAI,BAQUANGUOFENWEISHISANGEJIANCHAQUYU,SHICHENG“SHISANCISHIBU”。SHISANGECISHIBUZHONG,SHIYIGECAIQULE《SHANGSHU·YUGONG》HE《ZHOULI·ZHIFANG》ZHONGDEGUZHOUMING, (JIZHOU、YANZHOU、QINGZHOU、XUZHOU、YANGZHOU、JINGZHOU、YUZHOU、LIANGZHOU、YIZHOU、YOUZHOU、BINGZHOU) ,DANGAIQIZHONGDELIANGZHOUWEIYIZHOU,YONGZHOUWEILIANGZHOU。ERLIANGZHOU,ZHENGXIANGDANGYUJINGANSUYIDAI,YIN“DICHUXIFANG,CHANGHANLIANGYE”ERDEMING。YOUYINWEIZHONGYAODEDILIWEIZHI,ERBEICHENGZANWEI“TONGYIXIANYUGUANGMO,KONGWUJUNZHIYANHOU”。

SHISANCISHIBUDITU,TUPIANYUANYUWANGLUO

YULIANGZHOUDAYUETONGSHIDEMINGDE,HUANYOUDANGSHIDEYIZHONGDIFANG。

TIANSHUIJUNCHENGHUSHIYUHANWUDIYUANDINGSANNIAN (QIAN114NIAN) 。JUCHUAN,ZAISANQIANDUONIANQIAN,TIANSHUIDIQURENYANCHOUMI,WUYUPILIAN。QINMOHANCHU,CHANGQIDEZHENGZHANJIASHANGGANHAN,DAOZHIMINBULIAOSHENG。YITIANYELI,HURANKUANGFENGHUXIAO,LEIDIANJIAOJIA,YIDAOJINGUANGSHANYAO,DISHANGXIANCHUHONGGUANG。DUNSHI,DADILIANXUZHENDONG,ZAIHONGLONGLONGJUXIANGSHENGZHONG,LIEKAIYITIAODAFENG。ZHIJIANTIANSHANGHESHUIQINGXIEERXIA,ZHURULIEKAIDEDAFENGZHONG,XINGCHENGYIHU,MINGYUE“TIANSHUIHU”。RENSHUOZHEHUYUTIANHEXIANGTONG,YOUJIAOTA“TIANSHUIJING”。HOULAI,ZHEGECHUANSHUOBEIHANWUDITINGDAOLE,TAJIUGEIZHELIXINSHEDEJUN,QIMINGWEI“TIANSHUIJUN”。BUGUO,ZHEYEZHISHIYIGECHUANSHUO,BINGWUJUKEKAO。

CHUCIZHIWAI,HUANYOUYINWANGLAIYUSHIYUNSHUERDEMINGDEYUMEN (GU“YUMENGUAN”SUOZAI) ;YINGUAGUOXIANGTIANERDEMINGDEGUAZHOU (《HANSHU·DILIZHI》:DULINYIWEIGUGUAZHOUDI,SHENGMEIGUA。) DENG,YESHIZAIZHEDUANSHIJIANDEMING。

YUMENGUANYIZHI

ZIHANDAIYIHOU,BAOHANHEXIDIQUDELIANGZHOU,XIANHOUCENGYOUQIANLIANG、HOULIANG、NANLIANG、BEILIANG、DALIANGDENGZHENGQUANZAICIJIANLI。BUGUO,ZAIZHEQIJIAN,ZHELIDEDIMINGYIZHIMEIYOUDADEGAIBIAN。TONGSHI,YIPIXINDEDIMINGYEZHUJIANCHUXIAN。

QIANQINJIANYUANSHIERNIAN (GONGYUAN376NIAN) ,QIANQINHUANGDIFUJIANYICHANGANMENHUGAOPING (XIANZAIDEPINGLIANG) WEIHOUFANG,LIBINGMOMA,YILIANGZHUZHANGTIANXI“SUICHENGFANSHOUWEI,RANCHENDAOWEICHUN”WEIYOUPAIBINGSHISANWANJINGONGQIANLIANG,BINGLINHEXI,CHIAN (LINXIAHUANGHEBIAN) YIZHANJIANMIELIANGJUNSANWANBAQIANYUREN。BAYUEBINGLINQIANLIANGDOUCHENGGUZANG (JINGANSUWUWEI) ,ZHANGTIANXIBEIBICHUJIANG,QIANLIANGZHICIMIEWANG。SHIYIPINGLIANGZHIMINGZHIJUN,QU“PINGDINGLIANGGUO”ZHIYI,PINGLIANGZHIMINGSHIJIANSHICE。

PINGLIANGSHI

XIWEIFEIDISANNIAN (554NIAN) ,GAIXILIANGZHOUWEIGANZHOU (JINTIANZHANGYESHIXIAXIAYOUGANZHOUQU) ,ZHANGYEJUNSHUZHIBINGQIEZUOWEIJUNZHI。GANZHOUZHIMING,GAIYINZHELISHANXIAYOUQUANSHUI,YIGANQUANQUMING,YINCIMINGWEIGANZHOU。ZHELIDE“GAN”ZI,YESHIHOULAIGANSUSHENGMINGZHONG“GAN”ZIDELAIYUAN。

ZHANGYESHIGANZHOUQU

ZAISHUOLANZHOU,SUIWENDIKAIHUANGSANNIAN (583NIAN) ,ZHILANZHOUZONGGUANFU。ZHEYESHILANZHOUDEMINGZHISHI,QIJINYIJINGYIQIANSIBAIDUONIAN。ZAICIZHIQIAN,LANZHOUYIZHIMINGWEIJINCHENG。ZHISUOYIGAICHENGCIMING,SHIYINWEIJINLINGAOLANSHAN,YINERJIANCHENGZUOLANZHOU。“GAOLAN”LIANGGEZI,YUANBENSHIXIONGNUYU,QIBENYIYIJINGYINMEIBUKEKAO,YOURENRENWEI“GAOLAN”JIUSHI“QILIAN”,DOUSHIXIONGNUYUZHONG“TIAN”DEYISI;YEYOURENWEINAISHI“HELIU”DEYISI。

GANSUYIMINGZHONG“SU”DEYOULAI,ZEKEYIZHUISUDAOSUIWENDINIANJIAN。RENSHOUERNIAN (GONGYUAN602NIAN) ,GAIJIUQUANZHENWEISUZHOU。CIHOU,SUZHOUJIANZHISHIDUANSHIXU,ZHIDAO2002NIAN,CAIZUIZHONGQUEDINGCHESHI,GAIWEISUZHOUQU,LISHUJIUQUANSHI。

LINGTAIXIANMING,ZEWEITUOGUSUODING,QUZHOUWENWANGFAMIXUGUO,ZHU“LINGTAI”ZHIYI。SHIZHIYUSUIDAYEYUANNIAN (605NIAN) 。TONGYANGJUTUOGUYUJINZHIYIDE,HUANYOULONGNANZHIDIDEJIGEXIANQU。BEIZHOUNIANJIAN,JINTIANDELONGNANJINGNEIZHIYOUWUZHOU (JINWUDOUQU) 、WENZHOU (JINWENXIAN) 、KANGZHOU (JINCHENGXIAN、KANGXIAN) 、DANGZHOU (JINDANGCHANGXIAN) 、FENGZHOUDEGUANGHUAXIAN (JINHUIXIAN) 、LIANGDANGXIANHEQINZHOUCHANGDAOXIAN (JINXIHEXIANBEIBU、LIXIANBEIBU) 。JINTIAN,LONGNANSHIXIAXIA8XIAN1QU (WUDOUQU、KANGXIAN、WENXIAN、CHENGXIAN、HUIXIAN、LIANGDANGXIAN、XIHEXIAN、LIXIAN、DANGCHANGXIAN) ,QIMINGCHENGHEQILAI,JIWEI“WENWUCHENGKANG、LIHEHUICHANG、LIANGDANG”。ANHESHANGGUXIANWANGZHIMING,YOUYOUDUIMINFENGWUCHANDEQIPAN。JINGUANZAIQUMINGZHICHUBINGWEIKEYIWEIZHI,DANCHANGJIUYILAIXINGCHENGDEQIAOHE,WUYIYECHENGLEDUISHENGHUOZAIZHELIDERENMINDEYINQIEZHUYUAN。

LONGNANSHIXINGZHENGQUYUTU

“甘肅”以降

GANZHOUYUSUZHOUDEMING,SHIZAISUICHAONIANJIAN。LIANGZHOUHECHENGGANSU,ZESHIZAIBEISONGNIANJIAN。QISHIDANGXIANGRENJIANLIXIXIA,YILIANGZHOUZUOWEIFUJUN,YEJIUSHIPEIDOU。YOUYUHEXIDIQUSHIXIXIAZHONGYAODELIANGSHIHECHUMUYESHENGCHANQU,XIXIARENFEICHANGZHONGSHIZHELIDEFANGYU,YINCIZAIGANZHOU (JINZHANGYE) CHENGLILE“GANSUJUNSI”。BUGUO,DANGSHIDEJUNSIZHISHIJUNSHIJIANZHI,LEISIYUJINTIANDEJUNQU,ERBUSHIZHENGQUJIANZHI。

ZHIDAO1273NIAN,YUANSHIZUHUBILIEXIAZHAOCHENGLIGANSULUZONGGUANFU;1281NIANYOUZHENGSHICHENGLI“GANSUDENGCHUXINGZHONGSHUSHENG”,JIANCHENGGANSUSHENG。ZHEYANG,CAIYOULE“GANSUSHENG”DEDANSHENG。

YUANCHAOGANSUSHENGDITU

DAOSONGYUANZHIJI,GANSUSHENGNEIDABUFENDIFANGDEDIMINGYIJINGGUDINGXIALAI。BUGUO,ZAICIZHIHOU,RENGRANYOUYIXIEXINDEDIMINGCHUXIAN。

BEISONGYUANFENGSINIAN (1081NIAN) ,SONGJUNSHOUFUXIXIAGUDI,SHENZONGZAICIJIANDINGXICHENG,QU“ANDINGXIBIAN”ZHIYI。BUGUO,SONGWANGCHAOZUIZHONGZHIBUYUHEXIZOULANG,BINGMEIYOUZAIXIANGXITUOTU。HOULAI,JINHUANGTONGSANNIAN (1143NIAN) SHEDINGXIXIAN。

“QINGYANG”YIMING,QUYUSONGDAIZHENGHENIANJIAN。SONGTAIZUJIANLONGYUANNIANZHIQINGZHOUTUANLIAN,QIANDECHUYOUSHENGWEIQINGZHOU。DAOYINGZONGZHIPINGNIANJIANGAISHEHUANQINGLU。NAIHEHUANZHOUHEQINGZHOUSHOUZIERDEMING。ZHENGHEQINIAN (1117NIAN) ZAIQINGZHOUSHE“QINGYANGJUN”JIEDU。“QINGYANG”ZHEYIMINGCHENGFANGJIANYUSHICE,BINGYANYONGZHIJIN。

ZAICISHIDEMINGDECHENGSHIZHONG,BUDEBUTIDE,SHIHAOCHENG“TIANXIADIYIXIONGGUAN”DEJIAYUGUAN,YIJIYINCIERDEMINGDEJIAYUGUANSHI。JIAYUGUANSHIJIANYUMINGCHAOHONGWUNIANJIAN (1372NIAN) ,SHIMINGCHAOCHANGCHENGZUIXIBIANDEGUANKOU。TAZUOLUOYUJINJIAYUGUANSHIXI5QIANMICHUZUIXIAZHAIDEJIAYUSHANAIKOU,CHENGGUANLIANGCEDECHENGQIANGHENGCHUANSHAMOGEBI,BEILIANHEISHANXUANBICHANGCHENG,LISHISHANGCENGBEICHENGWEIHEXIYANHOU。YINDISHIXIANYAO,JIANZHUXIONGWEI,YOUYOULIANCHUISUOYAOZHICHENG。JIAYUGUANYINJIAYUSHANDEMING,ERJIAYUGUANSHIYOUYINGUANMINGERLI。

JIAYUGUAN

CHUCIZHIWAI,GANSUDEXUDUODIMINGDOUSHIQUZIYUYI,YUYIJINGXIANGFANRONGGUOTAIMINANDE“JINGTAIXIAN”,RENMINANJULEYEDE“MINLEXIAN”,YONGYUANCHANGSHENGDE“YONGCHANGXIAN”,YONGYUANANDINGDE“YONGDINGXIAN”,RENHEZHENGTONGDE“HEZHENGXIAN”,BIANYUANANDINGDE“JINGYUANXIAN”,XIFANGANDINGDE“ANXIXIAN”,MINFENGCHUNPUDE“MINQINXIAN”……BUYIERZU。

千載思慮

GUANYUGANSUDEDIMING,CENGJINGYOUGUOYIGEYOUQUDESHUOFA——LIANGQIANNIANQIANDEGANSURENCHUANYUEDAOXIANZAI,DAGAIYEBUHUIMILU。SUIRANGANSUSHENGDEMINGZIBIANLAIBIANQU,ZHIDAOBEISONGSHIQICAIDIYICIZUOWEI“GANSU”BEIQUERENXIALAI,DANDADUOSHUXIANSHIDEMINGCHENGQUEJIBENDOUWANZHENGDIBAOCUNDAOLEXIANZAI。

BUJINSHIMINGZIMEIZENMEBIANGUO,JIULIANBANTUDEMOYANG,YEYINWEIHEXIZOULANGYIDAIDUTEDEDILIGEJU,BAOCHIZHUZUICHUDEYANGZI。

LICHAOLIDAI,RENMENFUYUZHEPIANTUDIDE,WUYIBUSHIANBANGDINGGUODEDAGUOMENG。ZHEYANGDEMENGXIANG,SUIZHUYIYIGUANZHIDEQUMINGZHUNZE,CONGQINHANSHENGSHIQI,BANSUIZHUNEITIAOYOUCHANGDESICHOUZHILU,YILUZOUDAOXIANZAI。BINGQIERENGJIANGZOUXIANGGENGWEIPENGBODEWEILAI。

參考文獻:

SIMAQIAN:《SHIJI》

BANGU:《HANSHU》

XIANGGUAN:

兒童讀物需要分級嗎|大象公會真善美、高大全、傻白甜……不一定就是好的兒童讀物。文|朱不換每年,大人都會從童書發現貌似令人擔憂的「少兒不宜」內容。比如社交網絡上轟動一時的《小熊過生日》,到朋友家做客的小雞變成了烤雞:千萬級銷量的《淘氣包馬小跳》,男一號馬小跳同學大談自殺方法論:影響巨大的「童話大王」鄭淵潔,更是常年背負少兒不宜名頭,其長篇童話經典《舒克與貝塔》便有貝塔色誘女老鼠關燈上床之類的情節;《智齒》的主角舌吻女主,描述極其細膩;《309 暗室》更是讓所有人變成骷髏,令不少家長粗粗一看便焦慮其自家孩子平日都受些什么影響。為什么童書總是這么不讓大人放心?令..

那些消失不見的老北京服務行當兒老北京的服務行當兒有很多, 剃頭、绱鞋、修理雨傘、磨刀、鋦碗、箍漏鍋、焊洋鐵壺、修理竹門簾等。在過去,這些手藝人大多走街串巷,胡同里的叫賣聲連同“響器”發出的各種聲響不絕于耳。不過,隨著時間的推移,過去司空見慣的老行當兒,如今只能在記憶和文字里找尋。作為一位地道的“老北京”,孟繁強年復一年地寫下自己的記憶,講述著他經歷的歲月和變革。本期的京華物語,就來看看他筆下老北京的服務行當兒是什么樣的。以下內容選自《老北京故人舊事》,較原文有刪節,已獲得出版社授權刊發。《老北京故人舊事》,孟繁強著,清華大學出版社2014年12月版。原文作者丨..

夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?大多數人都經歷過這樣的窘境:當鬧鐘響起的時候,立刻按下暫停開關,縮回溫暖的被窩里繼續打盹,當我們再次醒來的時候,往往發現時間已經流逝,甚至因此錯過了早上去公司的班車,或是朋友間難得的聚會。唉,為什么時間從不歇歇腳,與我們一起打會盹呢?當我們悔恨交加的同時,也會回想剛剛睡著時做的夢。夢里的情景千奇百怪,有些與生活相關,有些是超現實,還有些純屬噩夢。有一個問題一直在那里,卻很少被人提起:夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?01現實五分鐘,夢境一小時夢境中的時間,遠比現實時間流逝得更慢。這是我在思考這個問題時的第一感覺。很多時候午后小憩半..

相關熱詞搜索:隱私權,隱秘而偉大,隱藏分查詢,雙限房,雙面君王,雙面膠怎么去除

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