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宮崎駿八十歲了,為什么人人都愛他?


更新日期:2021-01-13 12:18:35來源:網絡點擊:684338
雅各布,雅培,雅妃,發電量,發票管理辦法,發紺

“RUGUONIZAIXIAYUTIANDECHEZHAN,YUDAOBEILINSHIDEYAOGUAI,QINGBAYUSANJIEGEITA,NIHUIDEDAOSENLINDETONGXINGZHENGO~”

YIWEIWANGYOUDEZHEYANGYIJUHUA,DAGAIBIAODACHULEXUDUOKANGUO《LONGMAO》DEGUANZHONGTOUTOUZANGJINXINDIDEMEIHAOHUANXIANG。ZAIGONGQIJUNDEGUSHILI,WENQINGYOUQIYIDESHIJIESHUYUSUOYOUREN,BUGUANDARENHUANSHIXIAOHAI,SHUIDOUDIBUZHUNEIFENCHUNZHENQIMIAODAILAIDEHUIXINYIXIAO。

NEIGESHIJIELI,ZONGSHIYOUZHUHESEDENITU、QIYAODELVZHI、CANTIANDESHUMU、ZHANLANDETIANKONG、QINGCHEDEHAISHUI、ANYIDECUNZHUANG,HUANYOUZHUGEZHONGGEYANGDEDONGWUYUJINGGUAI,WANWUYOULING,PINGDENGHEMU。ZHESHIYIZHONGHAITONGBANDETIANZHEN,GENGSHIRENLEIYONGYOUGUODETONGNIAN——WOMENCENGJINGJIUSHIZHEYANGZIZAIZIRANZHONGSHENGHUO,ZHIBUGUOSUOWEIWENMINGJINBU,RANGWOMENLINEIPIANYUANXIANGYUELAIYUEYUAN。

ZHENGRUBENWENZUOZHE、WENHUAPIPINGJIAMAXIAOYANSUOSHUO:“XUERENLEIDASAN、HERENLEIYIYANGYOUZIJIZHUANSHUDIANCHEDELONGMAO,BIANSHIHAIZIQIDEDAZIRANDEHUASHEN。GONGQIJUNYINGPIANLIRENYUZIRANQINMIWUJIANDEGUANXI,YIRUOQIANXIANDAISHIQIDERENYUZIRANDEGUANXI。”

GANGGANGGUOQUDE1YUE5RI,SHIGONGQIJUNBASHISUIDESHENGRI。YEJIUZAIZUIJIN,JINGDIANDONGMAN《LONGMAO》JINGGONGQIJUNQINZISHOUQUAN,ZHONGYUCHUBANLEJIANTIZHONGWENHUIBEN,ZHESHIZHONGGUOSHOUCIYINJINJIBULIGUANFANGWEIYIDEJIANTIZHONGWENBANZUOPIN,BINGQIESHOUCISHOULULEBUFENDIANYINGZHONGWEICENGPUGUANGDEZHENZANGHUAMIAN。ZHEGEJIANG“MENGXIANG、RENSHENG、SHENGCUNZHEXIESHENKEHUATIRONGRUDAOZIJIHUAZUO”DERIBENCHUANQIDAOYAN,YONGTABISHENGDELINGGANYUCAIHUACHUANGZAOCHUWUSHUNANWANGDEXINGXIANGHEGUSHI,BUJINANFUZHUMEIYIKEPIBEIDEXIN,YEZHAOHUANZHUWOMENXUNHUINEIXIEBEIYIWANGLEDEMEIHAO。

RENMENCHANGCHANGYIWEI,DONGMANSHIZHUANMENZHIZUOGEIHAIZIGUANKANDEYINGXIANGYISHU。GONGQIJUNDONGMANDECHUXIAN,JIUZHENGLERENMENZHEYIJIDINGDEPIANJIAN。HENDUOCHENGNIANRENYISHIGONGQIJUNDONGMANDEFENSI,WOZIJIJIUSHIGONGQIJUNDONGMANDEFENSIZHIYI。MEIMEIPIBEIBUKANZHISHI,WOBIANDUNRUGONGQIJUNDONGMANDEQILIWANGGUOLI,SUSHIDEZHUDUOFENZHENGYUJIUGE,ZAIGONGQIJUNDONGMANANWEIJIBANDEAIYIFENXUNZHIXIA,JIUCIYANXIAOYUNSANLE。

ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,QUANSHIJIEDEDONGMANCHANYELI,WEIYOURIBENDONGMANKEYUHAOLAIWUDONGMANXIANGKANGHENG,ERGONGQIJUNJIUSHIQIJIANDEDAIBIAOXINGRENWU。GONGQIJUNZAIRIBENDONGMANJIEHUODEWANQUANDERENKE,YUANYUPAISHEYU1984NIANDE《FENGZHIGU》。ZHEBUFENGGEQINGLIDEDONGFANGSHIDONGMAN,WANQUANBAITUOLEDANGSHIRIBENLIUXINGDEKEHUANJIXIELEIDONGHUADEYINGXIANG,ZHURUBUERXIONGDE《JIQIMAO》(《DUOLAAMENG ドラえもん 》)、HESENZHENGZHIDE《CHAOSHIKONGYAOSAI》。DANGSHIRIBENDONGMANDADUOHUANSHIYINXIXIFANGXUSHI,KEHUAN、JIXIE、ZHANDOU,CAISHIDONGMANXUSHIDEZHULIU。HENDUOZHONGGUOGUANZHONGSHI《JIQIMAO》DEFENSI,TAMENYINGGAIJIDEZHEBUDONGMANDIANSHIJUYURIBENCHUANTONGWENHUAJIWUGUANLIAN。ZHENGSHICONG《FENGZHIGU》ZHIHOU,GONGQIJUNCHEDIXINGZOUZAIZIJIDUYOUDEMEIXUEFENGGEZHISHANG:CHUANCHENGRIBENJINGGUAISHENHUADEWANWUYOULINGLUNDETONGSHIFANSIXIANDAIXING。RONGHUODI75JIEAOSIKAZUIJIADONGHUACHANGPIANJIANGDE《QIANYUQIANXUN》BIANSHIQIMEIXUEFENGGEDEJIDACHENGZHE。

《DUOLAAMENG ドラえもん 》(1979)

宮崎駿動漫與好萊塢動漫幾乎是完全相異的兩個美學物種。好萊塢動漫一向喜好以二元敘事的方式獲得大眾的青睞,諸如善與惡、真與假、美與丑,最后結尾往往以好人獲得勝利而告終,諸如《灰姑娘》《愛麗絲漫游記》《功夫熊貓》等等。最近幾年皮克斯動畫工作室有糾正這種二元敘事的趨勢,譬如最近熱映的《心靈奇旅》。我想皮克斯動漫工作室的這種敘事方式的改變,應該從宮崎駿動漫里獲益匪淺。在宮崎駿動漫里,二元對立幾乎消弭不見,即若看上去很兇惡的人與事物,亦有他(或它)可愛的一面。宮崎駿本質上是一個“性本善”論者,他相信愛可以消融一切隔閡。譬如《千與千尋》里嗜財如命面貌丑陋的魔女湯婆婆,亦是個遵守規則寵溺兒子的母親。《龍貓》里更是沒有一個面目可憎的人物,每一個角色皆愛心滿滿;父母、姐妹、鄰人、村民、灰塵精靈與龍貓,大家都是互助互愛的生物。

《QIANYUQIANXUN QIANとQIANXUNのSHENYINし》 (2001)

這種東西方動漫敘事美學上的差異,本質上是宗教信仰導致的差異。基督教是一神論信仰,這種信仰在文化方面最擅長二元敘事:上帝與魔鬼、天堂與地獄、光明與黑暗等等。這種信仰亦有它的等級鏈:神-人-物。神統治人,人統治物。正因為人可以統治物,人掠奪大自然時,才認為理所應當,才可以毫無愧意,因為這是神賜予人的權利。人因此無盡的捕獲物、獵殺物、闖入并侵占物的空間,一如《千與千尋》里那對貪婪吞咽諸神食物并變成豬的父母。

XIANDAIXINGSHIZIBENZHUYIDECHANERZHIYI,DEGUOZHEXUEJIAMAKESI·WEIBOZAITADEZHUZUO《XINJIAOLUNLIYUZIBENZHUYI》YISHULI,LUNZHENGLEZONGJIAOGUANNIAN(XINJIAOLUNLI)YUYINZANGZAIZIBENZHUYIFAZHANBEIHOUDEMOUZHONGXINLIQULI(ZIBENZHUYIJINGSHEN)ZHIJIANDESHENGCHENGGUANXI。DANGRAN,WEIBOSHUZHONGDEZIBENZHUYI,SHILIXIANGFANSHIDEZIBENZHUYI,WOMENKEYICHENGZHIWEILIXINGDEZIBENZHUYI。DANZIBENYIDANQIDONGLETADEYINQING,WEIBINENGGOUYONGYUANKONGZHIZAILIXINGDEFANCHOUZHINEI。FAGUOZHEXUEJIADELEZIJIURENWEIZIBENZHUYIDEJUEMURENBUSHIWUCHANJIEJI,ERSHIDIANKUANGDEZIBENBENSHEN。

《XINJIAOLUNLIYUZIBENZHUYI》,MAKESI·WEIBO ZHU,SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN

SHISHISHANG,WOMENYIJINGSHENCHUZAIZIBENDEDIANKUANGZHIZHONG。JINJISHINIAN,HUANJINGWURAN、DALIANGZHENXIDONGWUDEMIEJUE、WUDUDEKAIFA、XIAOFEISHEHUIZHONGBEIYIHUADEREN,JIESHISUOWEIWENMINGJINBUDESHOUHAIZHE。WOMENHUICHANGCHANGZAIYIXIEKEHUANYINGPIANZHONG,KANDAOJIQIREN、YUANZIDAN、BINGDU(ZHEGEWOMENZHENGSHENCHUQIJIAN)DENGXIANDAIXINGCHANWUDAOZHIDERENLEIMIEJUE,ZAIWOKANLAI,ZHEBINGFEIYIZHONGDAPINGMUSHANGDEHUANJUE、YIZHONGQIRENYOUTIAN,GENGKENENGSHIWOMENDEWEILAI。

ERRIBENCHUANTONGJINGGUAISHENHUADEMUDEZAIYUZHANGXIANWANWUYOULING:SHUYOUSHULING,SHANYOUSHANSHEN,HEYOUHETONG,XUEYOUXUENV,JIRUOSHIYIKUAIPOMOBU,YIYOUSOUWEICHILIEDEYUANLING——MINGJIAOBAIRONGYI。KANGDEZHEXUELISHUOBUQINGDAOBUMINGDEWUZITI,ZAIRIBENCHUANTONGSHENHUALIJIEYIJINGGUAIDEXINGXIANGHUODE“WU”GE——XIANGDUIYURENLEIDERENGEERYAN。XIANGBIYUJIDUJIAODESHEN-REN-WUDEDENGJIXULIE,WANWUYOULINGLUNSHIYIZHONGJIWUDENGJIZHIDESHENHUATIXI,ZAIZHELI,WANWUGONGCUN,HUHUIHULI,RENBUNENGNUYIWU,WUYIBUKENUYIREN。YIRU《LONGMAO》LIDELONGMAOHEXIAOYUEYIJIA,XIAOYUEGEIDALONGMAOYIZHEYUDESAN,DALONGMAOBIANHUISIXIAOYUEYILONGMAOBASHI,BANGZHUXIAOYUESHANGTIANRUDIXUNMIMILUDEMEIMEI。

《LONGMAO となりのトトロ 》(1988)

DANGRAN,JIDUJIAOYUWANWUYOULINGLUNDEHEXINJIESHIAI,DANZHESHILIANGZHONGJIERANBUTONGDEAIDESHENXUETIXI:RUGUOYIRENWEIHEXINHUAYIGEZUOBIAO,JIDUJIAODEAISHIDENGJIXULIEZONGZUOBIAOYIYANGDEAI,SHENZAIZUIGAOCHU,WUZAIZUIDICHU,RENJUYUZHONGJIAN;ERWANWUYOULINGLUNZESHIWANWUPINGDENGHENGZUOBIAOYIYANGDEAI,ZAIZHELI,SHEN-REN-WUJIECHUYUTONGYISHUIPINGMIAN。QIAQIASHIZHEDONGXIFANGCHUANTONGWENHUAGOUCHENGDEYIHENGYIZONGDEAIZUOBIAO,ZHUDAOZHUDANGJINSHIJIEDONGMANCHANYEDEXUSHIFENGGEYUMEIXUEGEJU。

ZUOWEIGONGQIJUNYINGPIANDEMEIXUEYUANYE,RIBENCHUANTONGJINGGUAISHENHUADEWANWUYOULINGLUNYUNYUCHULEGONGQIJUNDONGMANYUHAOLAIWUDONGMANJIERANXIANGYIDEFENGGE。ZAIGONGQIJUNDONGMANSHIJIELI,YIQIEJIEYONGYOULINGHUN,YIQIEJIECHONGMANSHENGMINGQIXI,YIQIEYIWUGAOGUIYUBIJIAN,JIRUOSHIYILIHUICHEN,YIYOUSHOUYOUJIAOYOUYANJING,HERENLEIYIYANGYOUZIJIDEPIHAOYUAIXIN——《LONGMAO》LIDEHUICHENJINGLINGBIANSHIZUIHAODELIZHENG。GONGQIJUNDONGMANZHISUOYIZAIXIANDAISHEHUIHUODERENMENDEGUANGFANZANYUYURENTONG,BUDANYUTADEDONGMANYISHUZHONGFENGYIDEAIXINYUTONGXINYOUGUAN,GENGYUTAZAIDONGMANYISHULIYINWANWUYOULINGERCHENGXIANCHULAIDEPINGDENGYISHIYOUGUAN。

《LONGMAO》HUIBENCHATU。JINRI,GONGQIJUNGUANFANGSHOUQUANDE《LONGMAO》HUIBENZAIZHONGGUOSHOUCICHUBAN,GAIHUIBENSHOUCISHOULULEBUFENDIANYINGZHONGWEICENGPUGUANGDEZHENZANGHUAMIAN。

藝術沒有國界,雖然宮崎駿是日本的動漫藝術家,卻同時屬于所有人。有時候我問自己,宮崎駿動漫之所以吸引我的根本原因在哪里?是早已丟失的童心?是絢爛可愛的色彩?是無處可覓的純真?是精靈古怪的想象?還是環保思想與平等意識?對我來說,以上皆是,但并非全部。宮崎駿視覺藝術給予我們的,顯然比上面所言的更多。我們知道,成為現代人的代價,意味著物質豐富的同時,個人經驗與自然經驗的嚴重匱乏。我們一如鋼筋水泥鑄造物里豢養的穴居動物,在簡單的兩點一直線之間:起床、吃飯、上班、再吃飯、休息、起床、吃飯、再上班......日本畫家石田徹也,就非常明悉我們的存在現狀,他的畫作里充斥著現代大都市被異化至面目全非的人類。

SHITIANCHEYEXIANGGAOSUWOMEN,WOMENZIYIWEINUYIWUDETONGSHI,QUEBEIWUSUONUYI:GANGJINSHUINIZHUZAODELOUQUNBIANSHIWOMENDECUNZAISENLIN,BIZHIDEBOYOUMALUBIANSHIWOMENDELINJIANXIAODAO,RUDONGRUPACHONGDEQICHEBIANSHIWOMENDEQUKE,WOMENDOUSHIKAFUKAXIAOSHUOLIDEGELIGAOER,ZHENGJINGLIZHUBIANXINGJIBANDEZAOYU,ERBUZIZHI。TONGYANGSHIRIBENZHUMINGDESHIJUEYISHUJIA,GONGQIJUNQUESHISHITIANCHEYEDEFANMIAN:GONGQIJUNSHILEGUANDE,SHITIANCHEYESHIBEIGUANDE;GONGQIJUNSHIDAZHONGDE,SHITIANCHEYESHIXIAOZHONGDE;GONGQIJUNSHIYASUGONGSHANGDE,SHITIANCHEYESHISURENSUOPAICHIDE。DANZHEXIANGYIDELIANGMIAN,YISHIFANSIXIANDAIXINGZHETONGYIYINGBIDELIANGMIAN,TAMENSHUTUTONGGUI。RUGUOSHUOSHITIANCHEYEBEIQIJUEWANGDEHUAMIANHUACHULEWOMENCUNZAIDEYANJUNKUNJING,NEIMEGONGQIJUNAIXINFENGPEIDEDONGMANZEHUICHULEWOMENDEJINGSHENYUANXIANG——RENLEICENGJINGGONGYOUDETONGNIAN;ZAISHITIANCHEYEYEXIAOBANAIQIWOMENDESHENGCUNXIANZHUANGZHISHI,GONGQIJUNZESHITUTONGGUOHAITONGDESHIYETIXINGWOMEN,RENLEIZAIJINBUDETONGSHI,YIZAIYUANLIDAZIRAN,YUANLIWOMENCUNZAIDETONGNIAN。

ZAIGONGQIJUNDESHIJUESHIJIELI,WOMENHENSHAOKANDAOXIANDAIHUADADOUSHI,WOMENKANDAODEDUOSHIRENLEIDEQIANXIANDAIJUSUO:HESEDENITU、QIYAODELVZHI、CANTIANDESHUMU、ZHANLANDETIANKONG、QINGCHEDEHAISHUI、ANYIDECUNZHUANG……ZHURUCILEIDEMEILISHIWU,ZHANSHIBANXUANLANDUOYUANDEXIANGQIANZAIWANWUJIEYOULINGXINGDEDAZIRANZHIZHONG。《LONGMAO》LIDEXIAOYUEYIJIA,BIANSHICONGCHENGSHIQIANXIDAOLEXIANGCUN;QIANXUNYIJIAMITUWURUTANGWU,YISHICONGCHENGSHIQUXIANGCUNDELUSHANG。ZAIZHEXIEGUSHILI,JIRUOYOUXIANDAIHUASHESHICHUXIAN,YISHIYICHAOXIANSHIZHUYIDEFANGSHI,QIAOMIAODIDIANZHUIZAIDAZIRANDEQUTIZHISHANG,ERFEIDAFANWEIDEQINZHAN,PIRU《LONGMAO》LIDELONGMAOBASHI,《QIANYUQIANXUN》LIPUSHEZAIHAISHUIZHISHANGDEYOUGUIDIANCHE,YIJIYOUYINGGUOERTONGWENXUEZUOPINGAIBIANERLAI《HAERDEYIDONGCHENGBAO》LIHUOWUYIBANDECHENGBAO。

《LONGMAO》HUIBENCHATU

宮崎駿影片里的主角們,處于與她或他所融洽的空間之中,主角是孩子,大自然亦處于它的孩童期——這里有各種各樣的植物、動物與精靈。人類與大自然,彼此好奇,心存敬畏,和睦相處,而非一味地規訓與被規訓、征服與被征服、掠奪與被掠奪。《龍貓》里學人類打傘、和人類一樣有自己專屬電車的龍貓,便是孩子氣的大自然的化身。宮崎駿影片里人與自然親密無間的關系,一若前現代時期的人與自然的關系。

CENGJIHESHI,DEGUOZHEXUEJIAYASIBEIERSISUOYANDENEIGEZHOUXINSHIDAI,QIASHIDUOSHENJIAOCHANGSHENGDESHIDAI。ZAIJIDUJIAOYITONGOUZHOUDADIZHIQIAN,DUOSHENJIAOCAISHIZHEGEXINGQIUDEZHUZAI。WANWUYOULINGLUNBUGUOSHIDUOSHENJIAODEYIGEBIANDIAOERYI。ZAIRENLEISHIDEKAIDUAN,WOMENGONGTONGDEZUXIAN,NEIXIESHENCHU“ERTONGQI”DERENMEN,DUIDAZIRANDEWANSHIWANWUYONGYOUJINGWEIYUHAOQIZHIXIN,YUSHIWANWUYONGYOULELINGXING,YUSHIZHUSHENDANSHENGLE,YUSHIDUOYUANDESIXIANGZAIRENMENZHIJIANLIUZHUAN。ZAIWOKANLAI,GONGQIJUNBIANSHISHIJUEYISHULIDEHEERDELIN,TATONGGUOMAOSIJIANDANSHIZESHENKEDEDONGMANCHUANGZUO,ZHAOHUANWOMENZHEXIEBEIYIHUALEDEXIANDAIRENFANXIANG,FANHUIBEIYIWANGLEDESUIYUE,FANHUIRENLEICUNZAIDETONGNIAN,YUDAZIRANHEMUXIANGCHUGONGTONGXIXI:REN,YINGDANGCHIYOUZHIZIZHIXIN,SHIYIDIQIJU,ERFEIWUHUADESHENGCUN。

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相關熱詞搜索:雅各布,雅培,雅妃,發電量,發票管理辦法,發紺

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