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大文豪們寫作時都有哪些怪癖?


更新日期:2021-01-13 12:18:47來源:網絡點擊:684340
雅妃,雅安之窗,雅安人事考試網,發紺,發行市盈率,發財樹圖片

DANJINGJIELV,OUXINLIXUE,SHIMEIGEXIEZUOZHEBIJINGDEGUOCHENG,NEIXIECHUANSHIZHIZUODEDANSHENGGENGSHIRUCI。ZAI《GUAIZUOJIA》ZHEBENSHUZHONG,ZUOZHEHUASHENYIMING“WENXUEZHENTAN”,WEIRENMENJIEMISHIJIEMINGZHUDANSHENGDEZHONGZHONGXIJIE,YIJIMINGZUOJIAMENXIEZUOSHIDEGUAIPIYUZHIMI。NEIRONGKANSILIEQIBAGUA,SHIZETOULUCHUXIEZUODEWUSHUJIANXIN。

WENZHANGLAIYUAN:WENHUIBAO

01 普魯斯特、D.H.勞倫斯:孤絕于臥室,或到樹林里寫作

XIEZUODEGENGDUOSHIHOU,MASAIER·PULUSITEXUANZEBAZIJIGUJUEYUWOSHI。TAYELIXIEZUOBAITIANSHUIJUE,SHIJIANDEDAOCUOSHIDETAJINYIBUCHOULIYUSHIJIEZHIWAI。ZAI《ZHUIYISISHUINIANHUA》(YIKAISHIBEIYINGYIWEI《HUIYIWANGSHI》)CHUBANHOUBUJIUDEYICICAIFANGZHONG,TAJIANGSHULEYINJUDESHENGHUOFANGSHIGEITADAILAIDECHUANGZUOSHANGDEHAOCHU。TASHUO,“HEIAN、JINGMIYUGUDU,RUTONGCHENZHONGDEDOUPENGPIZAIWOJIANSHANG,POSHIWOZAIZISHENZHIZHONGZAIZAOSUOYOUDEGUANG、SUOYOUDEYINLE,ZIRANDEMIAOQU、JIAOWANGDEHUANYU”。

PULUSITEDEYINJUZHICHU,WEIYUBALICHESHUIMALONGDEHAOSIMANLINYINDADAO。ZAIBAITIAN,PULUSITEDECHUANGWAISHILAIWANGDEXINGREN。QICHEHESILUNMACHEZAIELUANSHILUSHANGFACHUSHENGXIANG。BEIZHONGZHONGSAODONGJIDANGQILAIDECHENAIYUXUANHUA,SHENRUGONGYUDALOU。ZAISHIMIANDUORIZHIHOU,TASHEFAJIANGFANGJIANGAIZAOCHENGYIZHIJIAN,YIBINGJUESUOYOUDESHENGYIN、GUANGXIANHEWURANWU。BAIXIECHUANG、SHUANGCHUANGGECHUANGYIJIYANSHIDELANCHOUCHUANGLIAN,JIECHONGDANGPULUSITEDEBAOHUCENG,YIFANGZHIRENHECIJIJINRUTADEWOSHI。SHISHISHANG,ZHENGTAOGONGYUDOUSHENYANZHU。PULUSITEZHIYUNXUAERBALEIZAITAWAICHUSHIKAICHUANG。WEILEQUEBAOGENGDADEGUDU,TASHENZHIJUEDINGLIANDIANHUAYEZHAIDIAO。ZAIZHEGEMIFENGDEKONGJIANLI,MEIYOUYISIGUANGXIANDEYOULI,MEIYOUCHENAIKELI,HUIQUDARAOZHEWEIZAIBAIRIRUMIANDEZUOJIA。

PULUSITE,DAIBIAOZUO《ZHUIYISISHUINIANHUA》

RANERZAOYINWANQUANYOUSHILINGWAIYIHUISHI。PULUSITEBEICHUANGRUTAFANGJIANDESHENGYINZHEMODEBUXING。TADEPENGYOUANNA·DE·NUOWAYEGEITATIGONGLEYIGESHIYONGDE、JINGUANYOUXIEPIANMENDEJIEJUEBANFA:RUANMU!TAZAIZIJIWOSHIDEQIANGSHANGBIANCHENLERUANMU,YONGLAIXIAOCHUWAIMIANDEZAOYIN,RANHOUFAXIANZHEYIZHAOTINGLING。SUOYITATINGCONGLETADEJIANYI。1910NIAN,TAJIANGWOSHIDEQIANGBIHETIANHUABANDOUFUSHANGRUANMUBAN。

D.H.LAOLUNSIZEXIHUANZAISHULINLIXIEZUO。ZAIYIFENGGEIHUAJIAJIAN·ZHUTADEXINZHONG,LAOLUNSIXIEDAO,“SHUMURUTONGSHENGHUODEBANLV”。TAZHIDESHIDEGUOAIBOSITAIYINBEIGEFUJINHEISENLINZHONGDENEIXIEDALENGSHAN。SANSHIWUSUISHI,LAOLUNSIZAINEIZUOGUPUDEDEGUOCUNZILIDUGUOLEJIGEYUE。ZAIZHEGEXIANSHIDEDIFANG,TAJINGCHANGYINTUIDAOSHULINZHONG,XIETADEDIQIBUCHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《YALUNDESHENZHANG》。ZHENGBENSHUSHIZAIHUWAIWANCHENGDE,ZAINEILILENGSHANSHUJINGJINGDIPEIBANZHUTA。DUIYUZHEZUOCHONGDANGTADEGONGZUOCHANGSUODELINGRENYINXIANGSHENKEDESENLIN,TAGANDAONANSHENANFEN。TASHUODAO,“[ZHEZUOSHULIN]SIHUSANFAZHUMOUZHONGSHENMIDEHUOLI,MOUZHONGFANRENLEIHUOZHEFEIRENLEIDEDONGXI”。

D.H.LAOLUNSI,DAIBIAOZUO《CHATAILAIFURENDEQINGREN》

SINIANZHIHOU,LAOLUNSIXUNQIUZAIBEIMEIDESONGSHULINXIABINAN。HETASHENGHUOZAIYIQIDE,YOUTADEQIZIFULIDA,YIJITAMENDEPENGYOUDUOLUOXI·BULEITE。TAMENDEJIA,“JIAOWAMUCHANG”,WEIYUXIANGJIANDEYIZUOSHANSHANG。ZAOSHANGLAOLUNSIHUIXIAOSHIZAISHULINZHONG。CHABUDUODAOLEZHONGWU,BULEITEHUILAIHANTACHIWUFAN。WUYILIWAI,TAZHAODAOTADESHIHOU,TAZHENGZAIYIKESHUXIA,CHENJINYUGONGZUOZHONG。BULEITEXIEDAO,“YOUSHIKEYITOUGUOLINJIANPIEJIANDAONI,CHUANZHULANCHENSHAN、BAIDENGXINRONGKU,DAIZHUYIDINGHENDADEJIANCAOMAO,YIKAOZHUYIKESONGSHUDESHUGANERZUO”。MUCHANGDEQIANFANGGAOSONGZHUYIKETINGBADESONGSHU,XIAMIANBAIZHUCHANGDENG,RUGUOMEIYOUQUSHULINSHENCHU,LAOLUNSIJIUHUIZAIZHELIXIEZUO。

ZHONGQIYISHENG,LAOLUNSIXIANGSHOUGUOGEZHONGBANBODESHUYIN,BIANJIZHENGGESHIJIE。ZAIYINGGELANHEMITIJICUNDELIBAITANGNONGSHE,TAZUOZAIYIKEPINGUOSHUXIADEYIZISHANGXIEZUO。ZAIYIDALIJIAERJIANUO,TAZAININGMENGSHULINBIANGONGZUO,CHULEFUHE《ERZIYUQINGREN》DEXIAOYANG,HUANXIELEYIXIESHIGEHESANWEN。ZAIMOXIGE,TAZAIHUBIANYIKELIUSHUDEYONGBAOXIAXIEZUO。《CHATAILAIFURENDEQINGREN》DEXIEZUOZESHIZAITUOSIKANIYIZHUJUDADEYIDALIWUZHENSONGXIA。

1926NIAN,LAOLUNSIZAIYIDALISHI,ZUOJIAPENGYOUADAOSI·HEXULILAIKANTA。HEXULIGANGMAILEYILIANGXINCHE,TICHUBAJIUDENEILIANGZHUANGEITA。DANLAOLUNSIDUIKAICHEDEXIANGFAHAOWUSUODONG。ZAIYIFENGTANDAOZHEJIANSHIDEXINZHONG,LAOLUNSIXUANCHENG,“JINGJINGDIBURUSONGLINZHIZHONG,ZUOZAINEILIZUOYIDIANWOZUODEGONGZUO,HUANYOUSHENMEBIZHEGENGWEIYUYUEDESHI。WEISHENMEYAOPAOLAIPAOQUDE!”

HEXULI,DAIBIAOZUO《MEILIXINSHIJIE》

02 巴爾扎克、伏爾泰、波伏瓦:重度咖啡和茶依賴者

BAERZHAKEMEITIANYAOHEWUSHIBEIKAFEI,ERQIENONGDUBUGOUHUANBUXING。ZAISAXIEDESHIHOU,TAYAOHUABANTIANSHIJIANWAICHUCAIGOUYOUZHIKAFEIDOU。TAXIHUANJINGTOUFEICHANGZUDETUERQIHUNHEKAFEI,WEILEQUEBAOQIANGYOULIDEXIAOGUO,SHENZHIFAMINGCHUZIJIDEYITAOZUOKAFEIDEFANGFA。ANZHAOTADETUILUN,SHAOLIANGDESHUIHEGENGJINGXIDEYANMO,KEYIRANGYINPINDEXIAOLIJIQIQIANGDA。DANGJUEDEKAFEIDEZUOYONGZAIJIANRUOSHI,BAERZHAKEJIUJIADASHERULIANG。ERDANGTAXUYAOYINGJISHI,BIANZHIJIEJIAOSHENGKAFEIDOU。KAFEIYOUFUZUOYONG。TACHENGREN,SHIKAFEIRANGTABIANDE“MANGZHUANG,PIQIBAOZAO”,BIANDEXINUWUCHANG。JINGUANRUCI,TAHUANSHIXUANZEJIXUHEKAFEI。TAJIUKAOCILAIWEICHITACHANGSHIJIANDEGONGZUO。TASHUO,“[KAFEI]GEILEWOMENYIZHONGNENGLI,RANGWOMENNENGGOUCONGSHIJIAOCHANGSHIJIANDENAOLILAODONG”。YIBEIJIEYIBEIDI,BAERZHAKEXIEZHUTADE《RENJIANXIJU》——YOUXIANGHULIANJIEDEGUSHIHEXIAOSHUOZUCHENGDESHISHIJUZHU。

BAERZHAKE,DAIBIAOZUO《RENJIANXIJU》

BULUNSHIXUANZECHA,HUANSHIXUANZEKAFEI,XUDUOMINGZUOJIADOUFAXIAN,YIBEIHEYIDEREYINSHIDUIXIEZUOGUOCHENGDELIXIANGBUCHONG。DUIBAERZHAKELAISHUO,KAFEISHIYIZHONGJINGSHENDEXINGFENJI。RANER,TABINGFEIZHIZAISHUFANGHE。BAERZHAKEXIHUANDAOBALILISHIYOUJIUDEPULUOKEFUKAFEIGUANGUOZUIYIN。FUERTAI——TAQUSHIBIBAERZHAKECHUSHENGZAOERSHIYUNIAN——YECENGPINFANGUANGGUZHELI。

FUERTAIHEQIKAFEILAI,YUBAERZHAKEYOUDEYIPIN,TAYITIANYAOHEDUODASISHIBEI。DUIYUREZHONGKAFEIDERENLAISHUO,PULUOKEFUSHIGELIXIANGDEQUCHU。FUERTAIKAISHIPINFANCHUXIANZAIZHELIDESHIHOU,YIJINGBASHICHUTOU。NEISHI,TAZHENGZAIMALUDUIMIANDEYIJIAJUYUANDAOYANTADEXIJU《YILEINA》。PAILIANJIESHUHOU,TAHUICHUANGUOMALU,LAIDAOZHEJIAKAFEIGUAN,ZUOZAITAZUIXIHUANDEZHUOZIBIAN,YIBEIJIEYIBEIDIHEYIZHONGFENGWEIDUTEDE、JIAQIAOKELIDEKAFEI。

YALISHANDA·PUBODUIKAFEIDESHIYONGZEWANQUANBUTONG。TAHUIZAIWUYEZHAOHUANPURENGANJINZUOYIBEIKAFEI。ZHEYIYAOQIUSHICHUYUYIXUEMUDE。TAFAXIAN,CONGYIBEIREKAFEILISANCHUDEZHENGQI,DUIZHIYUTADETOUTONGYOUSHENQIDELIAOXIAO。

XIANGBIKAFEI,QITAYIXIEZUOZHEHUIXUANZECHA。XIMENGNA·DE·BOFUWAJIUHUIYONGYIBEICHALAIZUOWEIZIJIJINRUBAIZHOUDEFANGSHI。BOFUWACHENGREN,TASHIGEBUZENMEZAOQIDEREN。TASHUO:“YIBANLAISHUO,WOBUXIHUANYITIANKAISHIDESHIHOU。”YIBEICHAHUIBANGZHUTACONGCHUANGSHANGLAIDAOTADESHUZHUOQIAN。HEXIAYIBEIRECHAHOU,TAJIUZHUNBEIGONGZUOLE——TONGCHANGSHIZAISHANGWUSHIDIANZUOYOU。

BOFUWA,DAIBIAOZUO《DIERXING》

SAIMOUER·YUEHANXUNZEBUFENZAOWANDIHECHA。TASHICHADEKUANGREYONGHUZHE,YIDUWEILEHANWEICHAERGONGJIQIAONASI·HANWEIDE《LUNCHA》。ZAIZHEPIANSUIBIZHONG,HANWEIBUZANCHENGYINGGUORENDUICHAXIEDEXIAOFEI,SHENZHIJIDUANDISHUO,TANINGYUANJIAO“CHUOYINDEXIGUAN”ZHONGJIE。ZAIDUIHANWEILUNWENDEPINGLUNZHONG,YUEHANXUNXIANGXIDITANDAOLEZIJIHECHADEXIGUAN,TAJIANGZIJIMIAOSHUWEI“YIGEWANGUDE、WUCHIDEYINCHAZHE,ZAIERSHINIANDESHIJIANLI,DUIFANCAIXINGQUBUDA,ZHIDUIPAOYINZHEZHONGLINGRENZHUMIDEZHIWUGANXINGQU,YIZHIYUSHAOSHUIHUJIHUMEISHIJIANLIANGXIALAI。CHAWEIWANSHANGTIGONGLEXIAOQIAN,WEIWUYETIGONGLEWEIJIE,YESHIZAOCHENBIANDESHOUHUANYING。”

03 毛姆、阿加莎·克里斯蒂:浴缸有妙招;雨果、梭羅、狄更斯:走路來靈感

DUIYUBUSHAOZUOJIALAISHUO,YUGANGJIUSHICUIHUALINGGANDEJUEJIAKONGJIAN。MAOMUHUIBATADECHENYUSHIJIANHAOHAOLIYONG。DANGTADESHENTIYIJINRUSHUIZHONG,ZHEYITIANDEZUICHULIANGGEJUZIBIANFUCHUNAOJI。AIDEMENG·LUOSIDAN,《XIHANUO·DE·BEIERRELAKE》DEJUZUOZHE,ZEZAIYUGANGZHONGXUNQIUBIHU。YINWEILINGGUANGMEICIXILAI,DOUSHIRUHUOHUAYIYANGPIPAZUOXIANG,ERFEIZHUJIANXIAOSHICHENGHUIJIN。WEILEBIMIANZAICHUANGZAOLIMIJIBENGFASHIYOURENHEZHONGDUAN,TAHUIXIYIZHENGTIANDEZAO。LUOSIDANGAOSUFAGUOSHANYUJIAOJIDEHEGEMAN-LINDENGKELUOENFUREN,TADEXIJU《CHUYING》SHIQIANRUSHUIZHONGXIECHENGDE。

DANGAJIASHA·KELISIDIJIHUAZHENGXIUTADEZHAIDI“LVLANGZHIJIA”SHI,TAGAOSUJIANZHUSHIJIERFUDE·BEIER,“WOXIANGYAOYIGEDAYUSHI,DAIYIGEBIJIA,YINWEIWOXIHUANCHIPINGUO”。DUIYUZHEWEIJIANGYUSHIZUOWEIZHUYAOGONGZUOQUDEZUOJIALAISHUO,ZHEXIEYAOQIUKEBUSHIXIAOJIE。NEIXIEJINGMIAOJUELUNDEQINGJIE,BIANSHIKELISIDIZAIYIGEWEIDUOLIYASHIDEDAYUGANGLIFANGSONGSHI,YIDIANDIANGOUXIANGCHULAIDE。YAOXIANGZHIDAOTADEGONGZUOJINZHAN,HUOZHEZHISHAOTAHUAZAIXIEZUOSHANGDESHIJIAN,KEYIKANRAOZHUYUGANGDEMUBIJIASHANGDEPINGUOHESHU。

AJIASHA·KELISIDI,DAIBIAOZUO《DONGFANGKUAICHEMOUSHAAN》

HENDUOZUOJIAFAXIAN,ZAIYIDONGZHONG,ZIJIDESIWEIGENGJIAHUOYUE。YUGUOJUEDADUOSHUSHIHOUDOUHUILIKAISHUZHUOGOUSITADEZUOPIN。YIWEIJIZHECENGZAIGEENXIDAOBAIFANGGUOYUGUO,TARUCIMIAOSHUZHEWEIZUOJIADONGTAIDECHUANGZUOGUOCHENG:“SHENZHIZAIWUZILI,TADOUJINGCHANGLAIHUIZOUDONG,XIANGYITOUBEIGUANZAILONGZILIDESHIZI,OUERTINGDUNYIXIA,HUOSHIDAOZHUOQIANXIEXIATURANCHUXIANZAINAOHAIZHONGDEXIANGFA,HUOSHIDAOCHUANGQIAN,NEILIWULUNTIANQISHILENGSHIREHUANSHIXIAYU,ZONGSHIDAKAIZHU。”WULUNZAISHINEIHUANSHIHUWAI,SUIZHUSHENTIMEIZOUYIBU,TABIANCHAOGUSHI、XIJUHUOSHIGEDEXIAYIXINGQIANJINYIDIAN。

SUOLUOYEZAIBUXINGZHONGHUODELEDALIANGLINGGAN。TACENGSHUO,SANBUSHIYIZHONGGAOGUIDEYISHU,XIANYOURENZHANGWO。SUOLUOZANSHANGDEHUAZIHUASI,TONGYANGREZHONGCIDAO。JUSUOLUOSHUO,HUAZIHUASIDEPURENYOUYICIBAYIMINGFANGKEDAIDAOSHIRENDESHUFANG,BUGUOYOUZHICHU,“TADESHUFANGZAIHUWAI”。TUOMASI·DE·KUNXICENGGUSUAN,HUAZIHUASIYISHENGSUOZOUDELUDAYUEYOUSHIBAWANYINGLI。JINGUANMEIYOUDITUCHENGXIANHUAZIHUASIZOUGUODELUXIAN,DANYOUTADESHIGEWEIZHITIGONGWENXUESHANGDELICHENGBEI。ZAIXIANGJIANMANCHANGDEYUANZUZHONG,HUAZIHUASICHUANGZUOLEDALIANGYUNWEN。

DIGENGSIJINGCHANGBEIPOXINGZOU。ZAILUNDUNJIETOU,RENCHUDIGENGSIDEXINGRENHUIYIWEITAYOUJINJIDEYUEHUICHIDAOLE,YINWEIDIGENGSIDEBUDIAOTEBIEYINRENZHUMU,MEIXIAOSHIDADAO4.8YINGLI。TAJIUXIANGLALIANBEILAKAIYIYANG,CONGYOUXIANDESANBUZHEHEBULVQINGKUAIDEXINGRENZHONGCHUANGUO。DIGENGSIZHEMEZUO,SHIBEICHUANGZUODEHUOHUATUIDONG,ERBUSHIYINWEIXUYAODAODAMOUGEMUDEDI。MEIDANGXIANRUCHUANGZUODEKUNJING,TABIANZHEMEDABULIUXINGDIZOU。DIGENGSIGEITADEPENGYOUYUEHAN·FULUOSITEXIEXINSHUO:“RUGUOBUNENGKUAIBUDIZOUHENYUAN,WOJIUYAOBAOZHAHEHUIMIE。”

DIGENGSI,DAIBIAOZUO《WUDOUGUER》

WULUNZAIXIANGJIANHUANSHICHENGSHI,FUJINIYA·WUERFUDOUXIHUANZOUHENCHANGDELU。WAICHUZOUDONGSHI,TAJINGCHANGNENGHUODELINGGAN。1932NIANMO,ZAILUNDUNXIANGUANGSHI,TAFAXIANZIJIXIANRUCHUANGZAOXINGDESHIKONGZHONG。ZAIZHEYINIAN11YUE2RIDERIJIZHONG,TAXIEDAO:“DANGWOZOUSHANGNANANPUDUNLU,WOZHISHENYUMIMENG、MENGJINGHETAOZUIZHIZHONG,YIJUJUHUAJIEWODEZUISHUOCHU,YIMUMUCHANGJINGZAIWOYANQIANCHENGXIAN。”ZHEGEZAIXIANGXIANGDEMIWUZHONGZHUAZHUTADEGUSHI,ZUIZHONGFAZHANCHENGCHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《SUIYUE》。

YEYOUDEZUOJIAHUODELINGGANDEFANGSHISHIDUYIWUERSHENZHIFEIYISUOSIDE,BIRUXILE。YOUYICI,GEDESHUNDAOBAIFANGXILE,FAXIANZHEWEIPENGYOUCHUQULE,BIANJUEDINGDENGTAHUILAI。ZHEYIXIAODUANDENGDAIDEKONGXIAN,DUOCHANDESHIRENMEIYOULANGFEI,ERSHIZUOZAIXILEDESHUZHUOQIAN,CONGCONGJIXIAXIEBIJI。ZHESHI,YIGUQIGUAIDEECHOUSHITABUDEBUTINGXIA。BUZHIZENDE,YOUYIGUNANWENDEQIWEISHENRULEZHEGEFANGJIAN。GEDEXUNZHUQIWEIZHAODAOLEYUANTOU,SHIJISHANGJIUZAITAZUOZHUDEDIFANG。QIWEISANFAZIXILESHUZHUODEYIGECHOUTI。GEDEWANYAODAKAICHOUTI,FAXIANLIMIANYOUYIDUILANPINGUO。YINGMIANPULAIDEQIWEIRUCIYOUCHONGJING,BAGEDENONGDETOUYUN。TAGANJINZOUDAOCHUANGHUGENQIAN,QUHUXIXINXIANKONGQI。DUIYUFAXIANDELAJI,GEDEZIRANHENHAOQI,DANXILEDEQIZIXIALUOTETIGONGDESHIQINGZHINENGLINGRENZASHE:XILEYOUYIJIANGPINGUOFANGHUAI。ZHEZHONG“FANGXIANG”BUZHIZENDE,NENGDAIGEITALINGGAN。ERJUTADEPEIOUSHUO,“MEIYOUTA,TAJIUMEIFASHENGHUOHUOXIEZUO”。

04 大仲馬、弗吉尼亞·伍爾夫、喬伊斯:顏色嚴重影響寫作!

YOUDEZUOJIADUIYANSEYAOQIUJIQI“YANGE”。

DAZHONGMAYONGSANZHONGBUTONGYANSEDEZHILAIXIEZUO:HUANGSEZHIZHANGNALAIXIESHI、FENSEZHIZHANGNALAIXIEWENZHANG,LANSEZHIZHANGZENALAIXIEXIAOSHUO。YICI,DAZHONGMAKONGSHOUZOUCHUYIGEWENJUDIAN。LINGTASHIWANGDESHI,ZAIDIBILISIMEIYOUYIGEDIFANGYOUTAJIXUDENEIZHONGLANSEDAYEZHI。1858NIANXIATIAN,DAZHONGMAQUEGUOCANJIAYIGEHUNLI。HUNLIQINGDIANJIESHUHOU,TAHUALEJIGEYUESHIJIANKAOCHADONGOU,ZUIHOU,ZAIGELUJIYASHOUDOUDIBILISITINGLIU。ZHESHI,TADEBAOGUIDELANSEDAYEZHIYONGWANLE。SHUSHINIANJIAN,DAZHONGMADOUYONGZHEZHONGYANSETESHUDEZHIXIETADEXIAOSHUO。ZUIHOU,TABEIPOSHIYONGYIZHONGNAIYOUSEDEZHI,SUIRANTAJUEDEYANSEDEBIANHUADUITADEXIAOSHUOYOUXIAOJIYINGXIANG。

DAZHONGMA,DAIBIAOZUO《JIDUSHANBOJUE》

ZISESHIFUJINIYA·WUERFUDEZUIAI。TANAZIMOSHUISHUXIEJUEDABUFENDESHUXIN、XIAOSHUODENG。TAERSHIWUSUISHICHUBANDECHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《YOUYICHANGLANG》,SHENZHILIANNEIWENHEYONGLAIZHUANGDINGDEPIGEDOUSHIZISEDE。ZHEBUSHUSHITASONGGEIPENGYOUWEIAOLAITE·DIJINSENDELIWU。WUERFUXIEGEI“TA·SAKEWEIER·WEISITE”DEQINGSHUYESHIZISEDE。TAZUIZHUMINGDEZUOPIN《DALUOWEIFUREN》,DABUFENSHOUGAOYESHIYONGZIMOSHUIXIECHENGDE。1938NIAN10YUE,WUERFUZAIRIJILIXIEDAOLETIANKONG:“YICHANGBAOFENGYU——ZIMOSHUIBANDEYUNDUO——ZHENGZAIXIAOSHI,RUMOBANZHIYUSHUIZHONG。”DANGRAN,JIUXIANGQITADIFANGYIYANG,ZHEDUANHUAYESHIZISEDE。

DUIYUXIEZUOSUDU,HENDUOZUOJIAYEDOUZHIAODEHEN。

ANDONGNI·TELUOLUOPUJIQIZUNSHOUJILV。TADEGONGZUOSHIJIANSHIYUZAOSHANG5DIANBANDEYIBEIKAFEI。WEILENENGMEITIANZAOSHANG5DIANBANQICHUANG,TAMEINIANHUA5BANGQINGRENTIGONGJIAOXINGFUWU。ZHIHOUDESANGEXIAOSHI,TAHUIXIEXINDONGXIHUOZHONGDUCAOGAO。XIEZUODESHIHOU,TAQIANGPOZIJIMEI15FENZHONGXIE250GEZI。TAKANZHUBIAO,ZHUIZONGZHUSHIJIANHETADECHUANGZUOLIANG,YIBAOCHIZHEYISUDU。

P.G.WUDEHAOSIHEGELEIEMU·GELINDEMEIRIDINGE,SUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYIERJIANSHAO。WUDEHAOSIXIEZUOZHICHUDEMUBIAOSHI,MEITIANXIE2500ZI,HOULAIJIANGDAO1000。GELEIEMU·GELINZAIZHIYESHENGYAZAOQI,MEITIANXIE500ZI,ZHIHOUDIAOZHENGDAO300,DAOZUIHOUMEITIANZHIXIE100。

GELEIEMU·GELIN,DAIBIAOZUO《LIANQINGDEZHONGJIE》

ZAIXIEZUOZHEJIANSHISHANG,QIAOYISIDEQIPAPIHAOTEBIEDUO。

BIRU,ZAIXIEZUOZHIQIAN,QIAOYISIHUICHUANSHANGYIJIANBAISEDEWAIYI。ZHEQISHISHICHUYUSHIYONGDEXUANZE。BAIWAIYIKEYISANFACHUMOUZHONGBAIGUANG。QIAOYISIDESHILISHUAIRUO。TADEWAIYIZAIMOHUDEHUANJINGZHONGCHONGDANGYIZUODENGTA,HUOXUKEYIJIANGWAIZAIDEGUANGZHESHEDAOZHISHANG。ZAICHUANGZUOTADECHANGPIANXIAOSHUOCHUNVZUO《YIWEIQINGNIANYISHUJIADEHUAXIANG》SHI,ZHEWEINAOJINHUOLUODEZUOJIAXINGCHENGLEZHEXIEXIGUAN。

PADELIKE·KELEMU,YIWEITONGBEIDEAIERLANZUOJIAYECENGHUIYIDAO,“QIAOYISIDEZUOPINSHIJISHANGSHIBUTONGYANSEDELABIZAICHANGTIAOZHI——YOUSHISHIYINGZHIBAN——SHANGXIECHULAIDE”。QIAOYISIYONGGEZHONGYANSEXIEZUOHEXIUGAI,CONGHONGSE、JUSEDAOLVSE、LANSE。JINGUANXIEZUOHUIGEITADESHENTIDAILAIZHONGPO,DANQIAOYISIZHIMIYUXIUGAITADEZUOPIN,ZHIDAOZUIHOUDEQINGYANGJIEDUAN,ZHELINGYINSHUASHANGAOSANGBUYI。TATONGYANGHUIQINGBUZIJINDICAOCAOJIXIAXIANGFA,DUIYUZHIHOUKENENGHUIXIEJINWENBENZHONGDEDONGXI,TAHENSHAOCUOSHIZHUAZHUDEJIYU。

QIAOYISI,DAIBIAOZUO《YOULIXISI》

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“很多人都過著又扎勁又凄涼的生活”電影《大佛普拉斯》前段時間,王占黑、btr、張定浩、顧湘幾位青年作家一起聊了聊她的新書《小花旦》。王占黑:年輕人不可偷襲,要講武德。在現代人的生活里,防備比邀請要多得多,但其實是可以創造出很多邀請的。btr:我也很討厭“斜杠”這個字,感覺它發展到一定階段就成了“杠精”。張定浩:你要理解每個人身上歡樂的東西,才能更加被他們的其他東西打動。一個有能力寫出歡樂天真的東西的作家才有能力寫出殘酷和痛苦,這兩者是一體的,占黑身上很好地呈現出這一點。顧湘:我很關心公園里的那些老頭子,我覺得他們生活超豐富的,就像美芬,她也活得很“扎勁”,雖然也有..

這所只存在了8年的大學,定格了一代人的風骨聞一多、鄧稼先、楊振寧、李政道、王希季、朱自清、華羅庚、陳寅恪、錢穆、費孝通、許淵沖……八十二年前的中國,曾有一所大學將這些名字連結在一起——西南聯大。住在40人男生宿舍的楊振寧曾回憶:聯大的地面是泥土壓成的,一些教室和圖書館窗戶沒玻璃,風吹時必須用東西把紙壓住,否則就會吹掉。“在聯大食堂搶飯,第一碗不要盛得太滿,一定要盛半滿,這樣吃完了才有機會去盛第二碗。”在西南聯大度過青春歲月時,他們還不是大師。遷徙西南聯大的校歌第一句是:“萬里長征,辭卻了五朝宮闕。”只是,這場長征沒有軍人,都是些老師學生。1937年7月,盧溝橋事變爆發,日軍..

當歷史學家打開“司法檔案”:沒有什么是無意義的司法或警察問詢是影視劇、小說中的常見場景。在一問一答中,講述者的用詞、語氣,以及那些表面看起來沒有意義、無關緊要的細節可以傳達出難以表達的內容。在這背后的問題是:人,如何回答問題。每句話都可能藏著一個“事件”。下文經商務印書館授權節選自《檔案之魅》一書。內容有刪節、調整。標題為摘編者所取。原作者|[法] 阿萊特·法爾熱摘編|羅東《檔案之魅》,[法] 阿萊特·法爾熱 著,申華明 譯,商務印書館,2020年10月。01言語中的“事件”:人,如何回答問題說出的話、書記官的法庭記錄和磕磕巴巴臨時拼湊的解釋都可以稱為事件。這些在恐懼、羞恥和謊言的..

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