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那些消失不見的老北京服務行當兒


更新日期:2021-01-13 17:37:16來源:網絡點擊:684495
雪寶,雪山,雪弗板,古加,古城熱線,古城運營

LAOBEIJINGDEFUWUXINGDANGERYOUHENDUO, TITOU、SHANGXIE、XIULIYUSAN、MODAO、JUWAN、GULOUGUO、HANYANGTIEHU、XIULIZHUMENLIANDENG。ZAIGUOQU,ZHEXIESHOUYIRENDADUOZOUJIECHUANXIANG,HUTONGLIDEJIAOMAISHENGLIANTONG“XIANGQI”FACHUDEGEZHONGSHENGXIANGBUJUEYUER。

BUGUO,SUIZHUSHIJIANDETUIYI,GUOQUSIKONGJIANGUANDELAOXINGDANGER,RUJINZHINENGZAIJIYIHEWENZILIZHAOXUN。ZUOWEIYIWEIDIDAODE“LAOBEIJING”,MENGFANQIANGNIANFUYINIANDIXIEXIAZIJIDEJIYI,JIANGSHUZHUTAJINGLIDESUIYUEHEBIANGE。BENQIDEJINGHUAWUYU,JIULAIKANKANTABIXIALAOBEIJINGDEFUWUXINGDANGERSHISHENMEYANGDE。YIXIANEIRONGXUANZI《LAOBEIJINGGURENJIUSHI》,JIAOYUANWENYOUSHANJIE,YIHUODECHUBANSHESHOUQUANKANFA。

《LAOBEIJINGGURENJIUSHI》,MENGFANQIANGZHU,QINGHUADAXUECHUBANSHE2014NIAN12YUEBAN。

YUANWENZUOZHESHUMENGFANQIANG

ZHAIBIANSHUANYE

01

绱鞋鋪

LAOBEIJINGYOUJUKOUTOUCHAN:“JIAODIXIAMEIXIE,QIONGBANJIE!”SHUODESHIRENMENRICHANGCHUANDAIDABAN,JIAOXIABIXUPEIYISHUANGSHIHEDEHAOXIE,CAINENGCHENTUOCHUQUANSHENDEYIZHUFUSHIGENGJIAJINGLIJINGSHEN。JIARUQUANSHENCHUANDAISHIMAOKUOQI,KESHIJIAOXIAQUECHUANYISHUANGPINGYONGPOJIUDEXIEZI,ZHENGTIKANLAIJIUXIANDESHANGXIALIANGJIE,BULUNBULEI,RERENCHIXIAO。XIANGXIANGHENYOUDAOLI,ZHEJIUHAOYOUYIBI:JIAJIADOUYOUTAONIHUAPEN,DANDUKANYIYANHENBUHAOKAN,RUGUONINBAPOHUAPENFANGZAIHUALIZITANDEJIAZISHANG,POHUAPENLIKEJIUXIANGJIAZHILIANCHENGDEGUDONG,SUOYIJIAOSHANGDEXIEJIUSHIZHEHUALIZITANDEPENJIA!

WOXIAOSHIHOU,JIESHANGYOUXIUJIUXIEDETANZI,YEYOU“SHANG(shàng)XIE”DEDIANPU,DANGRAN“SHANGXIEPU”YEGUANXIULIJIUXIE,DANSHITAMENZHUYAODEYEWUHUANSHI“SHANGXIE”。SUOWEI“SHANGXIE”,SHUOBAILEJIUSHI“LAILIAOJIAGONG”——GUKEZAIJIALIANZIJIDEXIHAO,ZUOHAOXIEMIANNAHAOXIEDI,RANHOUSONGDAO“SHANGXIEPU”JIAGONGWANCHENGYISHUANGPIAOLIANGDEBUXIE。CHENGRAN,GUOQUDE“SHANGXIEPU”SHIYUBAIXINGSHENGHUOZHONGXIXIXIANGGUANBIBUKEQUEDEFUWUXINGYE。

JIUSHI,CHULEYIXIE“MODENGRENWU”CHUANPIXIEGAOGENXIE,YIBANRENHUANSHICHUANJIALIZIJIZUODEBUXIE。JIALINVRENCONGSHIQIBASUIGUNIANGSHIJIUKAISHIXUEZUOBUXIE,ZHIDAOCHUJIABIANCHENGBAIFALAOYU,YIBEIZIDOUZAIWEIQUANJIARENZHIZUOGESHIDONGXIADANMIANBUXIE——ZUOXIESHINVRENMENXUANYAOZIJIQINJIANCHIJIAHELINGQIAOSHUANGSHOUZUIHAODEZHANSHI。BUXIEYIBANDOUSHIXIYANGJINKOUDEHEISECHUNMAO“CHONGFUNI”HUO“LIFUNI”ZUOMIANLIAO。

ZHEZHONGMIANLIAOSELAOJIANGU,GUANGLIANGXINI,SHIZUOGAOJIFUZHUANGHEXIEMIANDESHANGHAOYUANLIAO。ZIJIZUOXIE,GONGXUFANZA,MEIDAOGONGXUZIXIZHIZUO,QUEYIBUKE。SHOUXIANYAODA“GEBEI”,JIALIDEJIUYISHANGHEGESEJIUBUTOUJIUSHIDA“GEBEI”DESHANGHAOYUANLIAO,XIANDABANGUOXIJIANGHU,ZHAOYIKUAIDAXIEDEMUBANZI,BABUPUZAIBANZISHANG,YONGSHOUZHANGZHANZHUJIANGHUJUNYUNMOZAIBUSHANG,BUJIUTIETIESHISHIZHANDAOMUBANSHANG。ZAINALINGYIKUAIBUYUGANGCAIDEBU,DUIFENGRENGSHIRUCICAOZUO,ZHENGKUAIMUBANHUWANLEYICENGBUZAIHUYICENGBU,ZHIZHIHULESIWUCENG,CENGCENGJIANGHUCENGCENGBUJIUKEYILE,HULEBUDEMUBANZILIZAIYUANZILIFENGCHUISHAIGAN,GUOLIANGSANTIANGANTOULE,SHUNMUBANDEBIANYUANMANMANJIEXIALAI,JIUSHIYIZHANGWANZHENGDE“GEBEI”。

KAISHIZUOXIELE,NVRENNACHUZAOYIHUAHAODEZHIYANG,ZAIGEBEISHANGJIANCHULEXIEMIANCUPI,ZAIBACUPIZHANDAOXIEMIANMIANLIAOSHANGSHUNBIANJIANXIA,LINGYIMIANZAIZHANHAOBAISEXIELIBU,YONGXIXIDEZHENXIANBAXIEMIANXIELIYU“GEBEI”FENGZAIYIQI,BABIANYUANXIUJIANZHENGQI,RANHOUYONGHEISEXIEWENBUTIAOYANFENGXIEKOU,YISHUANGXIEMIANJIUZUOHAOLE。

XIANGBIZHIXIAZUOXIEDIJIUBIJIAOFEISHI。JIANHAOXIEDIXINGDEGEBEILIANGCENGZHANZAIYIQI,YONGBAIBUBAOBIANJIANGHUZHANLAO,ZHESUANYIGE“DANYUAN”,QIBAGEZHEYANGDAXIAOYIZHIDE“DANYUAN”ZAIQUANBUDIEZHANZAIYIQIJIUCHENGLEMINGFUQISHIDE“QIANCENGDI”,FANGZAIZHONGWUXIAYASHI,GUOSIWUTIANXIEDIJIUQUANBUGANTOUYAPING,ZHANHAOHOUDE“XIEDI”DAYUE1.5LIMIHOU,BAIBAIDEXIEDIZHENGQIGUIFAN,DANZHEHUANBUSHIZHENZHENGDE“XIEDI”,HUANXUYAOYONGMASHENGQIANZHENWANXIANJINMINASHICAINENGCHENGWEIYISHUANGJIESHIDEXIEDI。

《CHENGNANJIUSHI》JUZHAO。

“NAXIEDI”SHIZUIXUGONGFUJIQIAOYOUFEISHIJIANDEGONGXU,JIANSHIDE“NAXIEDI”XUYAOJIESHIDEMASHENG。

NVRENMENQU“MADAOPU”MAILAI“MAPI”,NAIXINYONGSHUTOUFADEBIZIBAMAPIPICHENGXIXIDEMAJIN,ZAIYONGZHUANMENDAMASHENGDEGONGJU——“BOCHUI”BASANSIGENMAJINXUZAIYIQI,DACHENGDANGUMASHENG,ZAILIANGGENNINGZAIYIQICHENGWEIZHENZHENGNENGYONGDEMASHENG。YONGZHEYANGFANSUOXINKULAOZUODAHAODEMASHENG,ZAIYIZHENZHENNAXIEDI。XIEDINAYIZHENAIYIZHEN,CICISHISHIBANBANZHENGZHENG,NAHAODEXIEDIZAIYONGTIECHUIZASHI,JIUKEYIHEXIEMIANYITONGSONGDAO“SHANGXIEPUZI”QUJIAGONGBUXIELE。

“SHANGXIEPU”DESHIFUDOUSHINANREN,BIEKANNANRENWUDASANCU,ZUOQIZHEYANGJINGZHIDEHUOJIJIUXUYAOJIQIAOHELIQI。SHANGXIEFEN“ZHENGSHANG”HE“FANSHANG”,SUOWEI“ZHENGSHANG”,JIUSHIXIEMIANWANJINQU,YUXIEDILIANHECHUZHENGJIEBULUHENJI。WOMENXIANZAIYIBANDEPIXIEDOUSHUYU“ZHENGSHANG”;SUOWEI“FANSHANG”,JIUSHIXIEMIANPINGPUYUXIEDILIANHEZAIYIQI,SUCHENG“FEIBIANER”。DONGTIANDEMIANXIEXIEMIANHENHOU,BUNENGFANZHUAN,JIUBIXUFANSHANG。

“SHANGXIE”DEGONGXUGENGJIAFUZA,YONGYIGEMUZHIJIAOXING“XIEXUAN”XIANBAXIEDIFANGUOQU,YONGDINGZIDINGZAIXIEXUANSHANG,ZAIBAXIEMIANDASHI,XIELICHAOWAIBAOZAIXIEXUANSHANG,YONGMASHENGSHOUKOU,XIEDEGECHUDOUYUNCHENGPINGSHILE,JIUKAISHILEZHENZHENGDE“SHANGXIE”。DAIYIZHENYIXIANBAXIEMIANYUXIEDIWANQUANFENGHEWANBI,XIEJIUSHANGHAOLE。QICHUDINGZI,BACHUXIEXUAN,DANZHESHIDEXIEMIANXIEDIDOUSHIFANDE,ZHEJIUXUYAOGENGQIANGDADEJISHU——FANXIE!

XIEJIANGBAZHENGZHIXIEPAODAOSHUIPENLI,DAIXIEDICHITOULESHUIFEN,BIANDEROURUAN,JIUCONGXIEGENKAISHIMANMANYONGLIFANZHUAN,FANZHUANDETONGSHIYIDINGYAOJIABEIXIAOXIN,BUNENGSUNHUAIXIEMIANRENHEYIBUFEN。ZHENGGEXIEFANHAOLE,ZAIBAXIEMIANJINSHI,FANGJINLIANGBANJIEDEXIEXUAN,JIAJIN“MUXIEZI”,SHIXIEXUANQIANHOUJINJINBABUXIE“CHENG”SHI。ZHEYANGYAOJINGGUOWULIUTIANDESHIJIAN,DENGBUXIEWANQUANGANZAOLE,BACHUXIEXUAN,JIUSHIYIZHIMEIGUANXIANGYANGDEBUXIE。

WEILESHIBUXIEDEHEIXIEMIANBAIXIEDIGENGJIAJINGSHENNAIKAN,HUANYAOYONGYIZHONG“BAIGAOZI”JUNYUNMOZAIXIEDIBIANYUAN,ZAIYONGGANGZHI“YAZI”HUAYABAIGAOZI,YAGUODEXIEDIBIANYUANJIUFACHULEBAILIANGSHANYAODEGUANGMANG!DENGDAOGUKEQIANLAIQUXIE,XIEJIANGCONGJIAZISHANGNAXIAXINXIE,YONGSHUAZISHUAQUFUTU,YISHUANGPIAOPIAOLIANGLIANGGANGANJINGJINGDEXINXIEJIUJIAODAOGUKEDESHOULI。FEIGONGFEISHIFEILI,YAOYANYAONAOYAOLI!GONGXUZHEMEFUZAFANSUO,JISHUZHEMEGAOCHAO,KESHIDANGNIANSHANGYISHUANGXIEDEJIAGONGFEIYEZHIGOUMAILIUQIJINYUMIMIAN!

CONGQIAN,RENMENCHUANJIAZUODEBUXIE,XIAOHAICHUAN“LAOHU”XIE,LAORENCHUAN“LAOTOULE”XIE,LAOTAITAICHUANHEIDUANJIANKOUXIE,NVRENCHUANPIDIDUANMIANXIUHUAXIE,NANRENCHUANYUANKOU“BIANXIE”,GUNIANGCHUAN“KOUPAN”XIE,XUESHENGCHUAN“WUYAN”XIE,MAILIQIDECHUAN“SAXIE”……ZHEYIQIEDOUSHINVRENMENYIZHENYIXIANLAODONGSUODE,DOUSHI“SHANGXIEPU”DEXIEJIANGZHIGAODEJISHUSUODE!

SIXIANGQILAIZHONGGUOMINJIANDE“BUXIE”“SHANGXIE”ZHENSHIJIHELELAODONGRENMINSHENQINGHOUYIYUWUQIONGZHIHUI,KESHIZHEWEIDADEZHIHUIQUEDOUZAIDUANDUANJISHINIANJIANLI,SUISHIDAIDACHAOZHUJIANBEISHEHUIWUQINGDIYANMEIHEYIWANG!

02

磨刀老頭

“MOJIANZILEI——QIANGCAIDAO——!”

ZHEGAOKANGDEYAOHESHENGNINYIDINGTINGDAOGUO,GESHOULIUHUANHUANYOUYISHOUGE《MODAOLAOTOU》,GELIJIUYOUMODAORENDEYAOHESHENG。

RUJIN,DAJIADOUBAZHEMODAODEYAOHEDANGZUOLAOBEIJINGDEYUNWEIXINSHANG,DANGZUOLAOBEIJINGDEMINSUJINQINGHUIYI。MODAORENDABUFENSHILAONIAN,YOUSHUINENGZHIDAODANGNIANNEIXIEMODAOLAORENGONGZUODEJIANXINYUSHENGHUODEKUNAN?

TAMENZAINONGCUNQINKENGENGZHONGLAOZUO,QIANGTINGZHUYUZHEDELAOYAO,WEIZIJIYEWEIERSUNPINZHULAOMING,ZHENGDEYIWANHUANSUANYANDEXIAQUDECUFAN;WEIZIJIYEWEIQUANJIA,GAIDEYIJIANHUANNENGZHEFENGBIYUDETUFANG。

NONGXIANSHINONGRENBUXIAN,BUYUANZAIJIALIGEIERNVZAOCHENGTUOLEI,JIUZAIZIJIYIJINGKUSHOUDEJIANBANGSHANGKANGQINEIGANYINGDEBANDENGLAIDAOCHENGLI,QUZUONEIZIJIHUANNENGCHENGDEQIDEHUOJI,YINWEICHENGLIRENXUYAOTAMEN,TAMENYECONGCHENGLIRENNEILI,HUANHUIYIDIANQIANGPINKUZHENGDELAIDEYIDIANXIANGDANGDANGDELINGXINGSUIYIN。

RENMENTIDAOMOJIANZIMODAO,ZHIXIANGDAOTAMENDASHENGYAOHE,QISHIZHEYIXINGDANGYOULIANGGEPAIBIE。

YIGEPAIBIESHI:YAOHEDAIDAXIANGBAN;YIGEPAIBIESHI:JIANKANGBANDENGZUICHUIXIAOTONGHAO。

XIANZAIYIBANJIANDAODEJIUSHIYAOHEDAIDAXIANGBANDEYIPAI,HECONGQIANBUTONGDESHI,XIANZAIYAOHEYUANYUANBURUCONGQIANDEYAOHEZIZHENGQIANGYUANWEIDAOCHUNZHENG,SHOULIDEXIANGBANYESHIPOTIEPI,ZUODECUCAOBUKAN。CONGQIANDEXIANGBANZUOGONGHENJIANGJIU,SANSHANTIEYE,SHANGZHAIXIAKUAN,MEIPIANDINGDUANYOULIANGGEDONGKONG,YONGHONGBUDENGJULIPIANPIANCHUANQI,ZUISHANGBIANSHIYIGETONGTIEHUAN,SHOUNAYUANHUANQIANHOUYIHUANG,TIEPIANPENGTIEPIAN,FACHU“HUAHUA”DESHENGYIN。

MEIDANGZAIJIALITINGDAOJIESHANGDEXIANGBAN,WOJIUZHIDAOYIDINGSHIMOJIANZIMODAODELAILE。ZAITINGTAMENNEIYIYANGDUNCUODEYAOHE,SHENGYINYOUYANG,JIUXIANGQIYUESHURECHILEYIGEBINGDONGDELIANGSHIZIYIYANGSHUFUSHUNCHANG!

NEILINGYIPAICHUIHAODEBUZHISHISHENMESHIHOUSHENGCHENGDE,NEIHUANGTONGZHICHENGDEXIAOHAOSHISHENMESHIHOUCHUANRUZHONGGUODEYEBUDARONGYIKAOZHENG,TAMENWEISHENMEYAOYONGCHUIHAOZUOWEIJIAOMAIYEBUMINGBAI,FANZHENG,ZHEYIPAIMOJIANZIMODAODEJIAOMAIGONGJUSHICHUIHAO。TAMENJIANKANGBANDENG,BANDENGSHANGBANGZHUMODAOSHI,SHOUNAYIGEHUANGTONGDEXIAOHAO,HEXIANZAITONGGUANLEDUILIDEYIMOYIYANGBIANZOUBIANCHUI,CHUICHUDESHENGYINYEMEIYOUYINFUHEXUANLV,ZHIYOUYISHENGCHANGMINGTURANYIXIANGZHENDEXIAREN!

ZAINIANJIEQIAN,YOUQIJINLELAYUE,JIAJIAMAIROUZUOCAIGENGXUYAOLIDAOLIREN,MOJIANZIMODAODESHENGYIJIUGEWAIHUORE。BUGUANSHIDAXIANGBANDEHUANSHICHUIHAODE,BUGUANSHITUIZHUDULUNCHEHUANSHIJIANKANGDABANDENG,YOULESHENGYIJIUBAJIASHENKAOJINQIANGBIAN,QISHANGBANDENGBACAIDAOKAZAIMOBANSHANG,MODAOSHILINSHANGQINGSHUIKAISHIMODAO。YOUSHIJIALICAIDAOYONGJIULEHUANXUYAO“QIANG”,“QIANGDAO”TIEGANYICHIDUOCHANG,LIANGTOUYOUXIAOMUBASHOU,ZHONGJIANYIGESIWULIMICHANGFEICHANGFENGLIDE“QIANGDAO”,BACAIDAOLIQILAI,YONG“QIANGDAO”SHUNZHUCAIDAODERENKOUYONGJINGDIQIEGUA,SHENGSHENGBACAIDAOLIANGMIANDUOYUDEGANGTIEGEIGUAXIALAI,SHICAIDAOBOERQINGLIERREN。

YIBACAIDAOMOHAOLE,CHUQULEXIUHEN,FACHULELIANGBAIDEHANGUANG!SHOUYIGENGQIDESHIHUANKEYI“CHUIFALIDUAN”,BUGUOWOZHITINGSHUOQUEMEIYOUJIANGUO,BUZHIZHENJIABUNENGHUSHUO!

MOJIANZI,MODAO,XIULIDAOJIAN,HUABULEJIDUOYINQIAN!

QINGQIAOCHUSHI,KUAIDAOSHENGHUA,JIANCHAOPENGZHA;

RANGMIAOCAIFENG,FEIJIANYUNXIA,YISHANPAOGUA!

GEXINGJIANGRENZAIBEIJINGDEDAXIAOHUTONGZOUJIECHUANXIANG,WUXINGBAZUOHEBAIXINGDESHENGHUOXIXIXIANGGUAN。

03

修理雨傘

DONGTIANHENHANLENG,DAXUEYAQINGSONG。

QIULAILUOXIEYUAN,AISHUGUYANMING。

CHUNNUANDUOGUAFENG,HUNTIANDIYEMENG。

ZHIBAXIAJIPAN,YOUPAWENCHONGDING。

ZAOWANSHIMENQI,SHUTIANREZHENGTENG。

QINGTIANYISHENHAN,YINTIANYUNWUNONG。

HUANYAOTIANLUOYU,QINGPENJIANGHESHENG。

YUWANGDONGMENQU,SHESHUIBUQINGSONG。

QINGZHIDAYUSAN,YIFUYINSHIHONG。

TAITOUYIKAN:YI!YUSANLOULEYIGEDAKULONG!

BEIJINGDEYUSHUIZHISHI“ZHENYU”,JUEMEIYOUNANFANGNEIYANGDELIANMIANBUDUANLINGRENXINFANDE“MEIYU”。ZHENYUGUOHOU,WUYUNSANQU,YANGGUANGFUCHU,SHUXIANYOULV,HUAGENGNONGXIANG!ZHANLANDETIANKONGJIUXIANGCHUNMEIDEBAOSHI,TIANBIANYIWANQISECAIHONG。DISHANGYIQIEQINGXINGANJING,YUANZILIWAHUIDEQIANGBI,HUOHONGDELIUHUA,DANFENDECHUHE,YANZIDELIANBAN,CUILVDEXINXIE,SHIQINGDETAIXIAN,SHANBAIDEMAOER……ZHEYIQIEZHANXIANCHUYIFUQINGMEIDESHUICAITUHUA!“XIULI——YUSAN!”HUTONGLICHUANLAIXIULIYUSANDEYAOHESHENG!

XIAYUZHIQIAN,RENMENXIANGBUQILAIYUSAN。DAYULAILINCAINACHUWUMENBEIHOUDEYUSAN,DAKAIYIKAN,QUEZAOYIBEIGAISIDEHAOZIYAOLEYIGEPODONG!GUOQUDEYUSANSHIYOUZHIYUSAN,ZHUZIDESANGAN,ZHUZIDESANGU,ZHIYOUSANMIANSHITONGSEDE“YOUZHI”,SUIRANYOUXIEBENZHONG,DANSHISHIYONGQILAIHUANSHIDEXINYINGSHOU。

“XIULI——YUSAN!”XIUSANJIANGRENDEJIAOMAIMEIYOU“XIANGQI”,DANPINGYIFUYANHOUSIJIAOSIHOU,SHENGYINQIANGAOHOUDIGANGENJUEMEN,SANGYINHONGLIANGCHUANQIANGTOUHU。XIUSANJIANGRENJIANBEIYIFU“DALIAN”,QIANMIANKOUDAIZHUANGZHUSHOUZHAN、DAOCHAN、TONGYOU、SHUAZI;HOUBIANDEKOUDAISHIZHUGUAN、ZHUQIAN、QIANSI、MASHENGHE“GAOLIZHI”。

DAKAIDAMENJIAOJINXIUSANJIANGREN,TAJIUZAIMENDAOLIBAIKAIJIASHIXIULIYUSAN。ZHIKAIYUSANZHANXIANPODONG,JIANGRENZHUBUNACHUYUANLIAOGONGJU,XIANZAISANMIANSHANGXIAPODONGZHOUWEISHUALETONGYOU。DAITONGYOUWEIGAN,YOUNACHUGAOLIZHIYONGSHOUSIXIAYIKUAI,DAIZHUMAOBIANTIEZAIPODONGZHISHANG,ZAIYONGSHUAZIZHANZHUTONGYOUSHUAYIBIAN。BAISEDEGAOLIZHIBIANLAOLAOZHANZHULEPODONG,TONGSHIYEYOUBAISEBIANCHENGLEYUSANMIANWANQUANYIZHIDETONGHUANGSE!JUSHUONEITONGYOULICHANJINLEZHUXUE,BIANDEJIYOUNIANXINGYOUBUPASHUIJIN,MIANZHIDEGAOLIZHIYEJIJURENXING,NAIZHENAIMOJINGJIUBUHUAI。

RUCIZHEBANZAITIEYIKUAIGAOLIZHI,ZAISHUAYICITONGYOU,SHANGBIANDESHUAWAN,FANGUOLAIZAISHUASANLIBIANDE,RUCISANSICI,NEIYUSANLIWAIXIULIDEPINGPINGZHENGZHENG,PODONGBUJIANLE,YANRANSHIYIBAZHENGJIURUXINDEYUSAN!JIXUQUJINGFENGYUJIANSHIMIANLE。

XIULIYUSANHUANKEYIHUANSANGU,HUANSANBA,HUANZHENGGESANMIAN。JIAQIANYAOBIMAIYIBAXINYUSANBIANYIBUZHIDUOSHAO。

XIATIANSHIXIULIYUSANDEJIJIE,ERQIEJIANGRENZHIXIUZHUZHIYUSAN,XIULIQITADESANJIUSHIQITADEXINGDANGLE。

04

鋦碗匠人

LAOBEIJINGBUGUANPINFU,JUJIAGUORIZISHUIJIAYOUDONGXIHUAILEJIULEDOUYAOXIULI,KEBUXIANGJINTIAN,BUGUANSHENMEDONGXIHUAILEYIRENGLEZHI,SUIBIANRENGDONGXIZAIDANGNIANYIDINGBEIKANCHENGBAIJIAZIER,ZAORENCHIXIAO!GUOQURENMENDUINEIXIEXIULIYEZHE,TIANTIANJIANMIANYEJIUJUEDEMEISHENMEDABULEDE,SIKONGJIANGUANLISUODANGRAN。RUJINZHEXIEGUOQUDEMINJIANJIYIDOUBIANCHENGLESHEHUIDEMINSU,BIANCHENGLEJINIANDEGUOQU,BIANCHENGLECHUANCHENGDEZHISHI,BIANCHENGLEJINTIANDEHUIYI!

LIUSHIDUONIANQIAN,WOJIALAOSHAOSIDAIRENKOUZHONGDUO,SHANGZHIQISHIDUOSUIDE“LAOZU”(YEYEDEMUQIN),XIADAOBIWOXIAOLIANGSUIDETANGDI,FANGDUOYUANSHEN,RICHANGYONGPINZIRANYEDUO。PINGSHIRENDUOSHOUZA,MIANBULESHENMEDONGXIPENGLE、SHUAILE,HUOSHISHENMEDONGXIRIJIUTIANCHANGXUYAOXIULI。NAINAIFANGLIANSHANGBAILEYIDUIQIANLONGNIANJIANQUNTAOZHUSHOUFALANGCAIDACIHE,TIANQINGDEDISE,SHANGMIANHUALEXUDUOCUIFENSEXIANXIANDATAO,PANZHILVXIEPEICHENSHASHIHAOKAN,FANGZAIANSHANGSHIZHUANGZHONGSHIYONGYOUQINGXINYAZHIDEBAISHE。PINGSHIGEXIESHIXINGAODIAN,BUGUANCUNFANGDUOJIUBUMEIBUGAN。

《CHAGUAN》JUZHAO。

CIHEYOUDAYOUZHONG,YOULIANGYOUHUA,YICI,NAINAIQUGEILAOZUQUDIANXIN,SHAOBUXIAOXINBAOZAIHUAIZHONGDECIHEGAIZITURANHUALUO,“PENG”DEYISHENG!WOMENPAOQUYIKAN,DISHANGYISHIFENSUIYIPIAN!

NAINAILIANSEXIADECANBAI,BUZHISUOCUO,HUANGMANGDUNXIASHENZI,XINTENGDIJIANQICANPIAN,LAOZUTINGJIANSHENGXIANGZOUCHUFANGJIAN,JIANZHEBUKANJINGXIANG,XINLIJIBUGAOXING,YEZHIHAOKANZAINAINAIYISHIYOULESUNZIDERENDEFENSHANG“HENG”LEYISHENGSHANSHANSHUODAO:“SUISUI(SUISUI)PINGANBA!”CHENZHULIANHUIDAOZIJIDEFANGLIQULE。

JIARENNALAISAOZHOU,NAINAIQINZIGUISAOSUIPIAN,BIANSAOBIANSHUO:“TINGZHUJIESHANGJUPENJUWANDELAILE,QIANWANJIAOJINLAI!”WOMENXIAOHAIZIJIUPAODAOMENDAOLIQUDENGNEI“DAXIAOLUODE”JUWANJIANGREN。

YIQIANSHUIJIAYOUDECIQITAOQISHUAILE,XIAOCONGJIUZHONGXIAODIE,DADAOXIYIPENDASHUIGANG,BUGUANLIECHENGDUOSHAOBAN,ZAIJUPENJUWANJIANGRENSHOULIBUSUANHUISHI,DOUNENGBASUIPIANYONGTONGJUZIXIUHAO。YANGZISUIRANBUDAHAOKAN,DANZHAOCHANGSHIYONG。JUPENJUWANDEXINGTOUSHIYIFUDANZI,DANZIDEYITOUSHIYIGEDAICHOUTIDEXIAOMUJU,CHOUTILIFANGZHUYUANLIAOHEGONGJU。MUJUSHANGMIANYOUYIGEMUTOUDETILIANG,TILIANGDEZHONGJIANGUAZHUYIMIANZENGLIANGDEXIAOTONGLUO,TONGLUODELIANGPANGYOUFENBIEYONGXIXIANSHENGGUAZHULIANGGEXIAOTONGQIU,ZUOWEILUOCHUI。JIANGRENTIAOQIDANZIYIZOU,NEIXIAOTONGLUOYAOLAIHUANGQU,PENGZHUXIAOTONGQIUFACHULEQINGCUIDEXIANGSHENG!SUOYIYEJIAO“DAXIAOLUODE”,NEIYEJIUSHI“JIAOMAI”DESHENGYIN。DANZIDELINGYITOUSHIGEXIAOMUDENGJIQITALINGSUIDEYONGPIN。

HUTONGNEITOUCHUANLAILE“DINGLINGDANGLANG”XIAOTONGLUODESHENGYIN!WOPAOCHUMENDAOKANJIANNEIBIANZHENDELAILEJUPENJUWANDE,TIAOZHUDANZIYIYAOYIHUANGMANMANZOUJIN。WODASHENGHANJIAOBANEIJIANGRENLINGJINMEN,ZAIMENDAOLIFANGXIADANZI。YOUPAOJINNEIYUANJIAONAINAI,NAINAIZHIDAO“XIULIRENYUAN”LAILE,CONGWUZILINACHUYONGBAOFUPIDOUZHUDECIHEZISUIPIANFANGZAIJIANGRENMIANQIAN,JIANGRENNAQIWANGYIQIDUICHA,JIANBUQUEBUSHAO,BIANXIANHENAINAIJIANGQIJIAQIAN——DAYUEYONGDUOSHAOGEJUZI、DEZHANJIGEYAN、YIGONGXUYAODUOSHAOQIAN,DENGDENG。JINGSHUANGFANGJIANGHAOJIAQIAN,JIANGRENJIUKAISHILEXIULIGONGZUO。

SHENWEIXIAOHAIZIDEWOHAOQI,DUNZAIYIPANGDAIDAIDIKAN。TAZAITUISHANGPUSHANGLEYIKUAIHOUHOUDEDABU,CONGSHENHOUDEJIAZISHANGNAXIALEYIFU“JINGANGZHAN”,YOUBACIPIANYONGLIANGGEXIGAIJIAZHU,ZUOSHOUNAYIGEBAICIXIAOJIUZHONG,KOUZAI“JINGANGZHAN”ZHOUDESHANGDUAN,YOUSHOULAGONGZI。NEIGONGZIDEPISHENGRAOZAIZHOUDEZHONGJIAN,YITUIYILA,JIUXIANGLAHUQIN,KAISHIZAICIPIANDEBIANYUANZHANYAN。

SANXIALIANGXIA,CIPIANSHANGJIUCHUXIANLEYIGEXIAODONG,DONGDEZHOUWEIHUANZHANCHUXUDUOBAISEFENMO。DENGBALIANGKUAICIPIANDEXIAOYANDOUZHANHAOLE,YOUCONGCHOUTILINACHULEXIAOTONGJUZI。TONGJUZIDAYUESHIYILIMI,ZHONGJIANKUANLIANGTOUZHAI,LIANGTOUGEYOUXIAOGOU,BALIANGTOUDEXIAOGOUANZAILIANGKUAICIPIANZHANCHUDEXIAOYANLI,ZAIYONGXIAOCHUIZIQINGQINGDIQIAOJILIANGXIA,JUZIBIANLAOLAODIJUZHULEPOLIEDECIPIAN。RANHOUZAILINGYIGEXIAOHEZILI,YONGSHOUZHIWACHUBAISEDENIZI,MOZAIJUZIZHOUWEIGUDINGHAOLE,YIGEJUZIBIANWANCHENGLE,JIEZHUZAIJUQITADEJUZI。

TIANDOUCAHEILE,DAHANHUANSHINEIMERENZHENZIXIDIGONGZUOZHU……KUAICHIWANFANLE,DAHANJIAONAINAI:“LAOTAITAI,NINKANKAN,JUHAOLA!”NAINAIWENSHENGGUOQU,CONGJIANGRENSHOUZHONGJIEGUOJUHAODECIHEGAIZIZIXIGUANKAN,YIJINGSHUAISUILEBUZHIDUOSHAOPIANDECANWUJURANBEIJIANGRENYIDIANBULUODIQUANDOUJUZAIYIQI,CHENGWEIYIGEZHENGWU,SHULESHUYIBAIDUOGEJUZI,YONGSHOUQINGQINGHUANGLEYIXIASIHAOBUSONG,NAINAIBUYOUDEZANLEYISHENG:“HAOSHOUYI!”

DAHANZHANZAIYIBIANYONGMAOJINCAZHULIANLIEZHUZUIXIAO,JIEGUONAINAIDIGUOQUDEGONGQIANJIUYAOZOULE,NAINAIKANTAIYANGYILUO,MANGJIAOJIARENCONGCHUFANGNALAILIANGZHANGLUOBING、YIWANDAMIZHOU、YIDIEXIANCAISONGDAODAHANMIANQIAN,DAHANXIANSHITUICI,HOULAIDAGAIQUESHIELE,QIANENWANXIEHOUDUNZAIDISHANGCHILEQILAI。

HOULAI,NEIDUIDACIHEYIZHIBAIZAINAINAIFANGLIDEANZISHANG,HEZISHANGYIGEGETONGJUZIJIUXIANGSHANSHUODEJINXING,KANQILAIGENGYOUWUXIANDEYUNWEI!

DUONIANYIHOU,WUYUNMANTIAN,BAOFENGYUJIANGLIN,BEIBANGSHANGDAIXIUBIAODE“HONGWEIBING”LAILE,TAMENHENGMEILIMU、QISHIXIONGXIONGNAZHUPIBIANHEMUGUN,BUYOUFENSHUOLIZHIQIZHUANG!JIALIDEDONGXIBEIZASUILE,QIANLONGNIANDEQUNTAOZHUSHOUFALANGCAIDACIHEBEIZASUILE——CHEDIDISUILE,SUIDEWUYINGWUZONG!

CONGCIYIHOU,ZAIYEMEIYOURENQUJUPENJUWAN。JUPENJUWANDEJIANGRENBUJIANLE,JUPENJUWANDESHOUYIHUOXUSHICHUANLE,JUPENJUWANZHEYIXINGDANGHUOXUXIAOSHILE,LIUXIADEZHIYOUCANCUNZAITOUNAOZHONGDEJIYI!

05

剃頭挑子

NONGLIERYUE,NANRENMENKEYITITOULIFALE。

YOUYIJUXIEHOUYU:“TITOUTIAOZI——YITOURE!”SHIXINGRONG“YIXIANGQINGYUAN”。GULAODE“TITOUTIAOZI”YIJINGXIAOSHIHENJIULE,NIANQINGRENMEIJIANGUOTITOUTIAOZI,TADAODISHISHENMEYANGZIDE?

“TITOUTIAOZI”SHIYIFUDANZI,YITOUSHIYIGEMUZHIDEXIADASHANGXIAODEJUXINGJUZI,SHEYOULIANGGEHUOSANGECHOUTINEIZHUANGGEZHONGTITOULIFAGONGJU,YOUKEYIDANGZUOGUKELIFADEZUODENG;LINGYITOUSHIYIGEMUJIA,DANGZHONGANZHUANGLEYIGEXIAOHUOLU,LUZISHANGZUOYOUHUANGTONGXILIANPENGONGGUKERESHUIXITOURUNFA。YUMUJIAXIANGLIANYOUANZHUANGLEJINGZIHEKEYIDAMAOJINDEZHUANGZHI。DINGDUANHUANGUALE“GANG”DAOYONGDEMODAONIUPITIAO,XILIANPENPANGYUBEILE“XIANGYIZI(XIANGZAO)”,SUOYIXIEHOUYUSHUO:“TITOUTIAOZI——YITOURE!”TITOUJIANGRENTIAOQIDANZIZOUJIECHUANXIANG,SHOUNAGANGZHI“HUANTOU”YANJIEBOXIANG,SHENGYINYOUYUANZHENZHAN,SIHEYUANLIXUYAOTITOUDELAOSHAOYEMENZHIYAOTINGJIAN“HUANTOU”DETESHUJINSHUZHANYIN,JIUZHIDAOSHITITOUDELAILE!

《TITOUJIANG》JUZHAO。

MINJIANLIUCHUAN“ZHENGYUETITOUSIJIUJIU”ZHEYANGDEMINSUCHUANTONG,YIZHIYANXUDAOJINTIANKESHOUBUBIAN。NANDAOZHENDEZAIZHENGYUELITITOUHUISIQUJIUJIU?YUANLAIZHESHIYIGEYIECHUANEDEWUCHUAN。

HANZUZIGUJIUYOU“SHENTIFAFU,SHOUZHIFUMU”DELUNDIAO,DUIZIJIDETOUFAGENGSHIBAOHUYOUJIA,BUNENGQINGJUWANGDONG,RUGUOSUNSHANGLETOUFAJIANZHIJIUSHITIMING,SHIDUIFUMUJIBUZUNZHONGDEFANPAN!SUOYIMINGCHAOYIQIANRENMENYIZHISHUFAYUTOUDINGBIAOSHIZUXIANFUMUDEZHIZUN。

QINGCHAOSHUNZHICHUNIAN,YUANXIANMINGCHAODEWENRENMOKESHIJINGBAIXINGRENGJIUHUAINIANDAMINGWANGCHAODUONIANDEJIUZHI,DUIYUQINGCHAOHUANGDIXIALINGSUOYOUHANRENYILVTIFASHUBIANDEMINGLINGFANGANYICHANG。QINGCHAO“LIUFABULIUTOU,LIUTOUBULIUFA!”DESHAWUSHELING,SHIHANRENXIANRUJIDUKONGHUANG。DANSHIHANRENRENGRANSINIANJIUDELISHU,SUIRANYIJINGBEIQINGRENTONGZHI,DANSHIHANRENRENWEI:ZHENGYUEWEIYINIANZHISHOU,YONGZHENGYUEYIZHENGYUEBUTITOUDEXINGSHIMIANHUAIJIUDEZHANGFA,YIKANGYIQINGCHAOQIANGXINGTIFADEZHUANZHIXINGWEI,DANGSHIWEIZHI“ZHENGYUEBUTIFA,YISHI‘SIJIU’”。DANSHISHIJIANJIULE,LIUCHUANDEGUANGLE,BUMIANCHUXIANPIANCHA,CHUANLAICHUANQUJIUMANMANJIUBIANCHENGLE“ZHENGYUEBUTIFA,TIFASIJIU!”ZHEYIKEXIAOYOUQIGUAIDEMINJIANXISU。

“ZHENGYUEBUTIFA”DEMINSUJIRANYIJINGBEIGUANGDAMINJIANSUOCHENGREN,SUOYIRENMENJIUGUIGUIJUJUZUNSHOUZHEYIHUANGMIUDEMINSU,TOUFACHANGLEJIUDENGDAIZHENGYUEGUOLE,DAOLENONGLIERYUECHUZAITATASHISHIDITITOULIFA,ZHEJIUPAISHENGCHULE“ERYUEER,LIFARI”ZHEYIQINGSHUANGDERIQI!

YIFUDANZIHUANYAOHE,TONGPENQINGTANGWEIREHUO,QUBIANLIUTOUMANQINGQI,JINGSHENHUANFAYOUPENGBO。BAIBUWEIJINSIDAIE,JIEBIANZUOWENMIYANFO,KUAIDAOZHANQUFANNAOSI,BAILIANGYOUGUANGRUMITUO。

《TITOUJIANG》JUZHAO。

LAOBEIJINGYOUCHUANTONGDETITOUTIAOZI、LIANJIADETITOUPUHEDANGSHIHENXINCHAODE“LIFAGUAN”。XINSHIDE“LIFAGUAN”YIBANDOUSHIXINPAIRENWU、XUESHENG、ZHIYUANDENGRENDEQUCHU,ERLAOPAISHOUJIUDERENJUEBUHUIQUMENQIAN。NEIXIEZHUANZHUHONGLANBAISANSE“ZOUMADENG”DEWAILAIHU,RENWEICONGLIFAGUANCHULAIDERENDOUSHIYOUTOUFENMIANYAOYANWUBI,QIESHIFENGRIXIAQUANBUXIANGHAOREN,GUIGENDAODIHUANSHILAOZUZONGLIUXIADE“TITOU”JIASHENZUIHAOBUGUO!

TITOUJIANGRENTIAOQIDANZIWENWENZOUJIECHUANXIANG,ZUOSHOUNAYIGEXIANGDAJIAZIYIYANGDEGANGZHI“HUANTOU”,YOUSHOUNALEBIKUAIZISHAOCUDETIEGUN,CHAZAIHUANTOUZHONGJIANWANGQIANYIBO,“HUANTOU”JIUFACHUTESHUDE“WENGWENG”SHENG。NEISHENGYINSIZHONGSIQING,YUANCHUTINGSHENGYINYOUYUANYOUYANG,YUEERDONGTING;JINCHUTINGQUESHIERGENFAMA,HUNSHENJIPI!

BEIJINGDIANSHITAICENGJINGQINGLEYIWEI“JIANGGU”DERENZAIJIEMULIXINKOUSHUO“HUANTOU”BIECHENG“JINGGUI”,ZHEJIUSHIFENBUTUO。“HUANTOU”JIUJIAO“HUANTOU”!SUOYIJIANGSHUOGUOQUDESHIQINGYAOZHUNQUEWUWUCAISHIZHENGLI,BURANCUANGAILISHIWAIPINGHUSHUO,JIUYOUBUDONGZHUANGDONGYIWUHOUDAIDEXIANYI!QINGDAIYIQIANMEIYOU“TITOU”,ZHIYOU“SHUTOU(BITOU)”XINGYE,SHUTOUDEJIANGRENCHUANDAIGANJINGLISUO,YEXIAJIAYILANBUXIAOBAOFU,ZHUANGZHUDAO、JIAN、SHU、BI、TOUSHENG、BIANSHAOJI“BAOHUA”。

《TITOUJIANG》JUZHAO。

MANZURENTONGZHIXIADEZHONGGUO,NANRENNAOHOUDOUSHUYITIAODABIAN,NAJIADENANRENJIAOLAILESHUTOUJIANGREN,XIANYONGTIDAOBANAODAIQIANBANBUDEFACHATIGUANG,ZAIANMOTONGMO,DAKAIFABIANXIJING,YONGXIZHUBIZIXITONGFASHULI,SHUDIAOSUIFAYIHOU,MOSHANG“BAOHUASHUI”,ZAICIYONGZHUBISHUGUANGLISHUN,BIANHAOFABIAN,XUSHANGBIANSHAO,JIEHAOLIUSU。BIANWANDEBIANZIKANSHANGQUYOUGUANGSHUIHUA,YITUOLUODI,ZHENGGERENYEZENGJIALEWUXIANFENGLIUTITANG!

QINGCHAOMIEWANGYIHOU,YUANSHIKAIZUOLEDAZONGTONG。“LIUTOUBULIUFA,LIUFABULIUTOU!”RENMENBEIQIANGZHIJIANQUBIANZI。KESHIBIANZIMEIYOULEGENGJUENANKANZHIJI,NAODAIQIANBANBUCUNCAOBUSHENG,YOUBANBUQIJIANDUANFA,ZOUQILULAIYIPIAOYIYAO,ZHEJIUSHIRENMENXICHENGFAXINGWEI“MAZIGAI”DEDIANGU!

ZHANGXUNFUPISHIBAI,“FAXINGGEMING”YOULAI“ERCHA”,ZHECAISHENGCHULE“TITOUTIAOZI”XINGDANG,ZHIZHIHOULAIDEJISHINIAN,TITOUTIAOZIYIJINGYURANCHENGFENG,BIANBUQUANGUOGEDI。TITOUJIANGRENWEIKERENTITOU,WEIHAODABU,XIANYONGRESHUIMENSHITOUFA,NACHUFENGLIDETIDAOZAI“GANGDAOPI”SHANGFANFEILIANGMIAN“PAPAPA”BEIWANKUAIDAO,ZUOSHOUFUZHUTOUPI,YOUSHOUZHUNQUEXIADAO,SHOUWEN,DAOKUAI。ZHIJIAN:TOUDINGHANGUANGSHANSHAN,FANNAODUNSHIQUANWAN。

DINGSHANGGUANGTUWUYIN,JIAOXIASHENGCHUMAOZHAN。ZHIDEYISHUODESHI,ZHEYANGTESHUDETIDAOXIANZAIYIJINGCHEDIBUJIAN。DAOZIYONGJINGLIANFENGGANGDAZHI,DAYUE1.5CUNKUAN,2.5CUNCHANG,YOUKEZHEDIEDEZHUGUANDAOBING,NAZAITITOUJIANGSHOULIYUNYONGZIRUFENGLIWUBI,ZHENKESHUOCHUIMAODUANFA!

TITOUJIANGWEIKERENTIJINGTOUFASHOULEDAOJU,ZAINACHU“ERWASHAO”,YICIBAKERENDEERSHIWADEGANGANJINGJING,KERENBIQIYANJINGSHUFUDEZIYALIEZUI。ZHESHITONGPENDESHUIYERELE,KERENZAIPENBIANDILETOU,JIANGRENSHOULIAORESHUI,ZIXIGEIKERENXIJINGCAGAN,KERENZHIQISHENZI,JIANGRENYOUSHICHUSHIBABANWUYIZAIKERENDETOU、JING、ER、JIAN、BEI、BEI,JINQINGDITUI、NIE、NA、ROU、DA、QIA、EN、YAO,SHIYONGGEZHONGANMOTUINAGONGFU。CISHIZAIKANNEIWEIKEREN,XIANGSHISANLEJIAZITENGYUNJIAWULE。DAOCI,TITOUDEQUANBUGUOCHENGJIUWANJIELE,KERENYUNYUNHUHUGEILEQIANCHAO,DAOSHENG“XINKU!”ZHANQISHENMOZHUGUANGTOUZOULE。

《TITOUJIANG》JUZHAO。

YOUYIJUSUYU:“BAOXIZAO,ETITOU!”TIGUOLEGUANGTOUDUZIZHENSHIELE,HUANGZHULIANGLIANGDE“DIANDENGPAO”QUFANPUJIAOLEYIPANCHAOCAI、ERLIANGSHAOJIUKAIHUNQULE!

HUANYOUYIJIANLINGRENCHENGQIDESHI,JIUSHISUOYOUDETITOUJIANGRENSHENHUAIYIJIANBIERENBUHUIDEJISHU——NIEGUJIESHANG!SHUIJIAYOUSHUAISHANG、TUOJIU,ZHIYAOSHANGZHEYAOYAJINDEZHU“TENG”,ZEQINGLAITITOUJIANGREN,SANXIALIANGXIAJIUNENGZHIYU。TITOUJIANGRENCHENZHUXINQI,WENNAWENTUI,NIEDEBINGRENZHIWAHANJIAO,MANTOUDAHAN!TITOUJIANGNIEZHUNBUWEIMENGDIYIXIA,BINGRENDAJIAOYISHENGHUNSIGUOQU。JIARENGANMANGSHOUQIA“RENZHONG”,TOUMENGLIANGSHUIMAOJIN,BUYIHUIERSHANGZHEHUANGUOQILAI,MANMANHUODONG,JIUKEYIYUNDONGZIRULE。TITOUXINGYENIEGUDEGUIJUSHIFENWENBUQU,ZHIYAOBINGJIAXIEGUOHUISHENJIUZOU。ZHEYEZHANGXIANGUOQUYURENWEISHANDESHEHUILIANGHAOFENGQI!

RUJIN,TITOUTIAOZIZAOYIBUJIAN。DAJIEXIAOXIANGJINSHIXIANDAIDECHAOXINSHIDE“MEIFA”“FALANG”“FAWU”,ZUOCHUDETOUFAYESHIXINCHAOSHISHANG,NIANQINGRENJINZUOCHAOLIUSHISHANGDE“XIANQU”。

TITOUTIAOZIZAIJIANLE!NIJIANGYONGYUANLIUZAIWODEJIYILI,LIUZAIHAOHANLISHIJILUDESHICEZHONG!

XIANGGUAN:

那些消失不見的老北京服務行當兒老北京的服務行當兒有很多, 剃頭、绱鞋、修理雨傘、磨刀、鋦碗、箍漏鍋、焊洋鐵壺、修理竹門簾等。在過去,這些手藝人大多走街串巷,胡同里的叫賣聲連同“響器”發出的各種聲響不絕于耳。不過,隨著時間的推移,過去司空見慣的老行當兒,如今只能在記憶和文字里找尋。作為一位地道的“老北京”,孟繁強年復一年地寫下自己的記憶,講述著他經歷的歲月和變革。本期的京華物語,就來看看他筆下老北京的服務行當兒是什么樣的。以下內容選自《老北京故人舊事》,較原文有刪節,已獲得出版社授權刊發。《老北京故人舊事》,孟繁強著,清華大學出版社2014年12月版。原文作者丨..

夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?大多數人都經歷過這樣的窘境:當鬧鐘響起的時候,立刻按下暫停開關,縮回溫暖的被窩里繼續打盹,當我們再次醒來的時候,往往發現時間已經流逝,甚至因此錯過了早上去公司的班車,或是朋友間難得的聚會。唉,為什么時間從不歇歇腳,與我們一起打會盹呢?當我們悔恨交加的同時,也會回想剛剛睡著時做的夢。夢里的情景千奇百怪,有些與生活相關,有些是超現實,還有些純屬噩夢。有一個問題一直在那里,卻很少被人提起:夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?01現實五分鐘,夢境一小時夢境中的時間,遠比現實時間流逝得更慢。這是我在思考這個問題時的第一感覺。很多時候午后小憩半..

"我快沒時間了!""我沒空!":我們的時間是如何加速的?通過查看鐘表、日歷或手機,我們知道了某一時刻的“時間”,并把它與事件、人物和地點建立聯系。這是人類自近代以來完成的統一時間、統一敘事。差別只在于時區不同,“當地時間”亦有所不同。古往今來,從神秘學說、哲學到現代物理學,每一種知識體系都先后在爭奪解釋時間。在今天尤其被普遍信任的是現代物理學的理解。它幾乎打碎了關于時間的一切堅固的觀點。時間的流逝并非“人人平等”、并非只有一個方向,更不存在唯一一個時間,而當刻度無限細化,時間中的“現在”甚至完全不存在。時間的統一是現代理性化的產物。這一過程不只是被現代物理學解構,更重要的是,它始..

相關熱詞搜索:雪寶,雪山,雪弗板,古加,古城熱線,古城運營

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