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這所只存在了8年的大學,定格了一代人的風骨


更新日期:2021-01-13 20:06:05來源:網絡點擊:684555
零和博弈,零和游戲,零售通,只有我不在的城市,只有才造句,只有神知道的世界第一季

WENYIDUO、DENGJIAXIAN、YANGZHENNING、LIZHENGDAO、WANGXIJI、ZHUZIQING、HUALUOGENG、CHENYINKE、QIANMU、FEIXIAOTONG、XUYUANCHONG……

BASHIERNIANQIANDEZHONGGUO,CENGYOUYISUODAXUEJIANGZHEXIEMINGZILIANJIEZAIYIQI——XINANLIANDA。

ZHUZAI40RENNANSHENGSUSHEDEYANGZHENNINGCENGHUIYI:LIANDADEDIMIANSHINITUYACHENGDE,YIXIEJIAOSHIHETUSHUGUANCHUANGHUMEIBOLI,FENGCHUISHIBIXUYONGDONGXIBAZHIYAZHU,FOUZEJIUHUICHUIDIAO。

“ZAILIANDASHITANGQIANGFAN,DIYIWANBUYAOSHENGDETAIMAN,YIDINGYAOSHENGBANMAN,ZHEYANGCHIWANLECAIYOUJIHUIQUSHENGDIERWAN。”

ZAIXINANLIANDADUGUOQINGCHUNSUIYUESHI,TAMENHUANBUSHIDASHI。

遷徙

XINANLIANDADEXIAOGEDIYIJUSHI:“WANLICHANGZHENG,CIQUELEWUCHAOGONGQUE。”ZHISHI,ZHECHANGCHANGZHENGMEIYOUJUNREN,DOUSHIXIELAOSHIXUESHENG。

1937NIAN7YUE,LUGOUQIAOSHIBIANBAOFA,RIJUNZHANLINGLEBEIPING。BEIDAWENXUEYUANDIXIASHILIDEKANGRIWENJIANBEISOUCHA,DANGSHIJIUYOULIANGWEIJIAOSHOUBEIDAIBU,WUWEITONGXUEZAODAOLEKAODA、GUANSHUI,BEIDAWENXUEYUANLUNWEIKONGBUDILAO。

JIEZHU,NANKAIDAXUEZAOYUFEIJI、DAPAOLIANXUHONGZHA,SANFENZHIERDEXIAOSHEHUIYUYIDAN,JIAOXUEYIQIJINSHUBEIHUI。

< BEIZHADENANKAIDAXUESIYUANTANG >

85SUIDESHIRENCHENSANLIBEITANDAO:“CANGTIANHEYIRUCIDUIZHONGGUOYE?”CONGCIJUJUEFUYAO,JUESHIWUTIAN。SHIBIANHOULIANGYUE,HANHENCHANGMIAN。

ZAIFUQINCHENSANLIDEZANGLISHANG,CHENYINKEDUIQIANLAIDIAOYANDEQINGHUATONGSHIWUMISHUO,RIBENRENYIJINGFALAIYAOQINGHAN,YAOTAQURIBENSHIGUANFUYAN。

< CHENSANLIYIJIA,ZUOYIWEICHENYINKE >

WEILEMIANYURIBENRENDEXIEPO,CHENYINKEBIXUJINKUAILIKAIBEIPING。PIANPIANZAIZHESHI,TADEYOUYANQIUSHIWANGMOBOLI,YISHENGDINGZHUTABIXUJIKERUYUANSHOUSHU。

CHENYINKEHEQIZISHANGLIANGGUOHOU,JUEDINGFANGQIYOUYAN,GENSUIQINGHUAYITONGNANDU。

QINGHUAYUANNEI,HUANYOUYIWEIJIAOWENYIDUODEJIAOSHOU,YEZHENGMIANLINLIANGNANXUANZE。WENYIDUOFUFUCISHIZHENGFENJULIANGDI,YOUXIAOXISHUOZHECHANGZHANGWEIBIHUIDAHENJIU,JIARENMENBUXIWANGWENYIDUOYUANZOU。

TASICUNZAISAN,GEIQIZIXIEXINSHUO:“YUJIADEHUA,DANGRANHUANHEXIALAI,WOJIUBUYONGZOULE;DANSHIYUGUOLAISHUO,HUANHELEBUJIANDESHIHAOXIAOXI。HUANHELEJIUSHIBUDIKANG,BUDALE。”

1937NIAN8YUE,JIAOYUBUJUEDING,YOUGUOLIQINGHUADAXUE、BEIJINGDAXUE、SILINANKAIDAXUEZUCHENGCHANGSHALINSHIDAXUE,QIANWANGCHANGSHA。XIAOXIYIDINGXIALAI,WENYIDUOJIUSHANGLULE。

ZAICHEZHAN,ZANGKEJIAYUJIANTA,WEN:“NINEIMEDUOSHU,DOUZENMEBANLE?”WENYIDUOHUIDATA:“DAPIANDAPIANGUOTUDOUDIUDIAOLE,JIBENSHUSUANSHENME?”

< WENYIDUODEJIATING >

BEIDA、QINGHUAHENANKAIDEQIANYIBUSHIDANGSHIDETEYOUXIANXIANG。ZHANZHENGMANYANDAOHUABEIDADI,YISUOSUOXUEXIAODOUQIANWANGNEIDI。

YUANBENBUTONGDEJISUOXUEXIAO“LIAN”ZAIYIQI,NANMIANYOUGEZHONGMAODUN,LINGYISUOBIJIAOYOUMINGDEXIBEILIANDA,YINIANJIUSANHUOLE。BEIDAFAXUEYUANYUANCHANGZHOUBINGLINQUEDADANYUCE:“ZHESANGEXUEXIAO(QINGHUA、BEIDA、NANKAI)HUIHEZUODEHENHAO。YINWEISANGEXUEXIAODEJIAOZHIYUANGONG、LINGDAODOUSHIJUNZI。”

JIANGMENGLIN、ZHANGBOLING、MEIYIQISANWEIXIAOCHANGSHISANXIAOCHENGGONGLIANHEDEGUANJIAN。

NANKAIDAXUEXIAOCHANGZHANGBOLINGBUCHANGZAIXUEXIAO,ZAIYICIDUIXUESHENGDEJIANGHUAZHONG,TACAOZHUTIANJINQIANGSHUO:“JIANGMENGLINXIANSHENGSHIWOZUIHAODEPENGYOU。WOYOUYIGEBIAO,WOGEITADAIZHU,TAJIUSHIWODEDAIBIAO(DAIBIAO)。”BEIDAXIAOCHANGJIANGMENGLINZEDUIQINGHUAXIAOCHANGMEIYIQISHUO:“WOMENSANGERENZHONGNIZUINIANQING,NIYAODUODANDANG。”

< ZUOQI:JIANGMENGLIN、MEIYIQI、ZHANGBOLING >

1937NIAN11YUE1RI,CHANGSHALINSHIDAXUEKAIXUE,SHISHENGWUXIAJUBANYISHI,QUEYOURIBENFEIJI“QIANLAIBIAODAJINGYI”。SUIHOUNANJINGXIANLUO,DIJUNZHIRUCHANGJIANGXINZANGDIDAI。SHANGYUANPAODAOLELILINSHIDAXUEBUYUANDEHUOCHEZHAN,CHEZHANCHENGWEIRIJUNHONGZHADEMUBIAO。

JINGBAOPINQIDECHANGSHA,YIRONGBUXIAYIZHANGANJINGDEKEZHUO。

1938NIANCHU,XUEXIAOZAIQIANKUNMING,GAICHENGGUOLIXINANLIANHEDAXUE。

< XINANLIANDAXIAOQI >

WANGKUNMINGSANTIAOLUXIAN:JINGXIANGGANG;GUOYUNLING;ZOUXIANGQIAN。AIGUOXUESHENGXINGFENDISHENQINGZOUBUXINGLUXIAN,XIWANGZAIYIQIANYINGLIDECHANGTUBASHEZHONG,LINGLVEZUGUOBIANYUANDIQUDEHESHAN,JIANGKANGRISIXIANGCHUANDADAOQUNZHONGZHONG。

JIARUBUXINGTUAN,TIZHONGYAODADAOBIAOZHUN。YIXIESHOURUODENANSHENGWEIDADAOYAOQIU,ZAIYIFUXIATOUTOUSAISHUQIDAIGUOGUAN。ZUIHOUBUXINGTUANJIJIELE244WEITONGXUE,YOU11WEIJIAOSHOUDAIDUI。

YILUSHANG,TAMENCHANGJIENONGJIAMAOSHE,SHICHANGYUZHUNIUTONGWU,YUXUEJIAOJIASHIYIYOUBUBIYU。GENGBUYONGTIZAOYUTUFEI。BUXINGTUANLISHILIUSHIBATIAN,DIDAKUNMING。

< XIANGQIANDIANLVXINGTUAN >

CISHI,BEIDAZHEXUEXIZHURENDENGYIZHEYOUYUSHENHUANFEIBING,KEXUEBUZHI,HEQUANJIAYIZHIZHILIUZAILEBEIPING。RIBENRENCHANGCHANGBIZHUGUORENWEITAMENZHANLINGZHONGGUOCHENGZHENKAIQINGZHUHUI。HUISHANG,DENGYIZHEDEERZIDENGJIAXIANJIANGSHOUZHONGDERIBENGUOQICHESUI,RENGZAIDISHANG。

NEISHIDEDENGJIAXIAN,HUANZHISHIGEDUGAOERDEZHONGXUESHENG。ZHONGXUEXIAOCHANGTINGSHUOSIQISHIJIANHOU,LIANYEDAODENGYIZHEDEJIAZHONG,ZHUFUTA:“DENGJIAXIANDESHI,ZAOWANHUIBEIRENGAOMI。NIKUAIBAHAIZISONGZOUBA。”

ZAISONGBIEERZISHI,DENGYIZHESHUOLEYIJUHUA:“ER,NIYAOXUEKEXUE,KEXUEDUIGUOJIAYOUYONG。”SUIHOUDENGJIAXIANZHANZHUANLAIDAOKUNMING,1941NIANKAORULEXINANLIANDAWULIXI。

< DENGJIAXIANLVLIPIAN >

YANGZHENNINGHOULAIXIEDAO:“DENGJIAXIANDEYISHENGSHIYOUFANGXIANGDE,YOUYISHIDIQIANJINDE。MEIYOUPANGHUANG,MEIYOUMAODUN。”

HUOXUZHEYIQIE,LAIYUANYUDENGYIZHEDEJIAJIAO。LIUZAIBEIJINGDEDENGYIZHEXIANSHENG,MEIYOUDAORIWEIDEXUEXIAOQURENJIAO,KAOBIANMAIGUDONGWEISHENG,YIZHIJIANCHIDAOKANGZHANSHENGLI。SHIFUQINDEZHIXIANG,ZHICHENGDENGJIAXIANCHENGWEI“LIANGDANYIXING”YUANXUN。

苦與樂

LIANDAQUNTIDIDASHI,ZHENGGEKUNMINGNENGZHAODAODEDAERJIANGUDECHANGSUOZHIYOULIANGCHU,WEN、FAXUEYUANDESHISHENGZHINENGQIANWANGBIANJINGCHENGSHIZANZHU。

ZHIDAOLIANGSICHENG、LINHUIYINFUFUERRENQIANWANGKUNMING,XIUJIANXIAOSHECAITISHANGLERICHENG。MEIYIQIXIAOCHANGPINQINGLIANGLINKANGLIWEIJIANZHUGONGCHENGGUWEN,LIANGRENXINRANSHOUMING。YIGEYUEHOU,LIANGRENNACHUYITAOYILIUXIANDAIHUAXIAOSHEFANGAN。

YOUYUJINGFEIYOUXIAN,ZHEGESHEJIFANGANHENKUAIBEIFOUDINGLE。ZHIHOUDEFANGAN,ZESHIGAOLOUGAICHENGAILOU,AILOUGAICHENGPINGFANG,ZHUANQIANGBIANCHENGTUQIANG,ZUIHOUBIANCHENGLEMAOCAOFANG。

< LINHUIYINHELIANGSICHENG >

LIANGSICHENGXINTONGDIDUIMEIXIAOCHANGSHUO:“NIZHIBUZHIDAONONGMINGAIYICHUANGMAOCAOFANGYAODUOSHAOMULIAO?NIGEIDEMULIAOLIANGAIYICHUANGBIAOZHUNDEMAOCAOFANGDOUBUGOU!”

XUESHENGMENFANHUIKUNMINGHOU,JIUZHEYANGRUZHULEMAOCAOFANGSUSHE。ZHUGUANGYAHUIYIQIZHEDUANRIZI,SHUO:“SUSHESHIMAOCAOWU,GAOBUHAOJIULOULE,HOULAIJIUNAPENJIELOUDEYUSHUI。JIAOSHIDEWUDINGSHIMAKOUTIEZUODE,BISUSHEHAOXIE,DANSHIYEYOUWENTI,XIAYULE,DINGDINGDONGDONG,SHANGMIANJIUXIANGLE。”

YICI,JINGJIXIJIAOSHOUCHENDAISUNXIANSHENGSHANGKESHI,YINYUSHENGTAIDA,XUESHENGGENBENTINGBUDAOTADESHENGYIN。CHENJIAOSHOUWUNAIDIZAIHEIBANSHANGXIELE“JINGZUOTINGYU”JIGEZI。

SHISHENGXIAOCHENG:“ZHENGSUOWEI‘FENGSHENGYUSHENGDUSHUSHENG,SHENGSHENGRUER’”。

< 《WUWENXIDONG》JUZHAO >

JIAOSHOUMENDEZHUSUOYEBUBIXUESHENGHAODUOSHAO。YOUJIWEIRUFEIXIAOTONG、HUALUOGENG,ZHUZAINONGMINMENYONGLAIYANGZHU、NIUDELOUSHANG,TIAOZAOHENDUO,HUOHUOSHIYICHU《LOUSHIMING》。

FENGYOULANZHUDEXIANGXIAFANGZIMEIYOUDIANDENG,ZHINENGYONGMEIYOUDENG。YOUYIZHENYINWEIJINYUN,MEIYOUDENGYEYONGBULE。TAZHIHAOZIZHICAIYOUDENG,YONGYIGEXIAOCAIDIE,ZHUANGSHANGCAIYOU,JIASHANGDENGCAO。

馮先生晚上經常寫作幾個小時,菜油熏得臉上一塊塊地黑,大家看了又好笑又心酸。就是在那樣艱苦的環境下,他完成了《貞元六書》,書的序中他寫下那句張載的名言:“為天地立心,為生民立命,為往圣繼絕學,為萬世開太平”。

< 《ZHENYUANLIUSHU》 >

WENYIDUOXIANSHENGZUICHUDEZHUSUOYEHENYONGJI,HOULAIKUNHUAZHONGXUETENGCHULEYIJIANKUANCHUODEFANGZIGEIWENXIANSHENGYIJIAZHU,WENYIDUOJIUWEIKUNHUAZHONGXUEJIANGKEHEPIGAIZUOYEBAODAENQING。

KUNMINGRENHENJINGZHONGZHEPIZHISHIFENZI,JIAOSHOUFENGZHIZAIHUIYILUZHONGXIEDAO:“WOZAIKUNMINGBANGUOJICIJIA,MEIJIAFANGZHUREN,NANDECHANGSHUO:‘WOMENSHIJIAOPENGYOU,BUZAIHUZHEDIANFANGZU’,NVDEZHANZAIPANGBIANSHUO:‘HUANBUSHIYINWEIKANGZHAN,NIMENCAIDAOKUNMINGLAI,PINGRIWOMENSHIQINGYEQINGBULAIDE。’”

YOULEZHUCHU,SHENGHUOYIJIUJIANNAN。

WULIXIJIAOSHOUZHAOZHONGYAOJIAZHONGYOUSANGEHAIZIXUYAOFUYANG,MEIYOUBANFA,TAZHINENGZAIJIALIZUOFEIZAOMAIGEIHUAGONGCHANG。WUDAYOUWEILEGEIQIZIZHIBING,DAOCAISHICHANGJIANNIUGU。XIAOMENKOUYOUGEMAIDAWANCHADETANZI,XUESHENGHEJIAOGONGDOUCHANGQUGUANGGU,JINGGUODELURENBUZHIDAO,ZHEWEITANZHUJIUSHIZHIMINGJIAOSHOUFEIXIAOTONG。

1939NIANHOU,TONGHUOPENGZHANGJIAJU,LIANDADEJIAOSHOUFURENMENYEWEILESHENGJISHANGTOULENAOJIN。MEIYIQIDEFURENHANYONGHUAYUYUANFULIDEFUREN,XUEZUOLEYIZHONGSHANGHAIDEGAODIAN“DINGSHENGGAO”。

HANYONGHUAMEITIANBUXINGSISHIFENZHONG,JIANGGAODIANNADAOGUANSHENGYUANQUMAI。LUZOUDEDUOLE,XIEWAYOUBUHEJIAO,YOUYICITADEJIAOPOPIGANRANLE,XIAOTUIQUANZHONGQILAI。

< XIAOCHANGMEIYIQIYUFURENHANYONGHUA >

HOULAILIANDADEJIAOSHOUMENPINCHANGHOU,JIANYIBAZHEGAOCHENGWEI“DINGSHENGGAO”。“LIANXIAOCHANGFURENDOUZUOGAOLE,KANGZHANYIDINGHUISHENGLI。”

學之風

KULECANBANDESHENGHUOLI,LIANDASHISHENGKAICHUANGLEYIZHONGZIYOUERYANJINDEXUEFENG。

“JIUXIESHIREN”ZHIYIDEZHENGMINNVSHIHUIYI,XINANLIANDAHENZHUYIXUEKEDEXITONGHUA,MEIGEXUESHENGDOUYAODUZHONGGUODETONGSHI。MEIYIGEWENXUEYUANDEXUESHENGDOUYAOZHANGWOLISHI,ZHEYANGZUOWENKECAIYOUYIGEZHANJIAODEDIFANG。

GONGXUEYUANZEMEIXINGQIDOUYOUYIGEXIAWUDAOGONGCHANGSHIXI,ZHIMOFANSHA、DATIELIANGANG,DOUDEZIJIDONGSHOU。JIAOJIXIEXUEDELIUXIANZHOUXIANSHENG,CENGGEIWANGXIJILIUXIAYIGEPOWEISHENKEDEJIYI。

YOUYICI,LIUXIANZHOUCHUYIGEKAOSHITIMU,YAOQIUCHUXIEYAOQIUZHUNQUEDAOXIAOSHUDIANXIASANWEI。WANGXIJIKANDAOLEZHEDAOTI,SILUHENQINGXIDIDALEXIALAI,JIUSHIMEIZHUYIXIAOSHUDIANHOUSANWEIDEYAOQIU。KAOSHIJIEGUOXIALAI,TADELELINGDAN。

ZHEGESHIQINGGEILEWANGXIJIHENDADEDAJI,ZHIHOUTAZUOSHIQINGDOUYAORENZHENDAOJIZHI,KEYISHUO“MEIYOUZUOTIANDELINGDAN,JIUMEIYOUJINTIANDEDAODAN。”

< WANGXIJIZAIWEIXINGZONGZHUANGXIANCHANG >

ZAILIANDA,JIAOSHOUZHIXUE,JIANGSHENME,ZENMEJIANG,QUANYOUZIJIZHANGWO。

HEZHAOWUSHANGERNIANJIDESHIHOU,DIYIJIEZHENGZHIXUEGAILUN,MEIGUOHUILAIDENIANQINGLAOSHIZHOUSHIQIUWENTAMEN:“SHENMESHIZHENGZHIXUE?”

XUESHENGMENXINSUNZHONGSHANDEJINGDIANDINGYI:ZHENGZHE,ZHONGRENZHISHI;ZHIZHE,GUANLI。ZHOUSHIQIUYISHANGLAIJIUSHUO:“ZHEGEDINGYISHIWANQUANCUOWUDE。NIMENZAISHITANGCHIFAN,YOURENGUANHUOSHIZHANG。NIMENJIESHU,YOURENJIESHUTIAO。ZHEXIEDOUSHIZHONGRENZHISHI,NIMENNENGSHUOZHESHIZHENGZHIMA?”

HUSHIZAIFENGYOULANDEKETANGSHANGYEBEIPIPINGGUO:“HUSHIDAOERQINIANJIUWANLE,YIHOUZAIMEIYOUDONGXILE,YEMEIQIDUODADEZUOYONG。”

SHENCONGWENDEZHONGGUOXIAOSHUOSHIKETANGSHANG,TADALITUICHONG《JINPINGMEI》。ZAIGUOQU,《JINPINGMEI》BEIDANGZUOYINSHU,YIZHIDAOMINGUOHOUDOUBEIJINZHI,KESHISHENCONGWENRENWEICISHUDUIRENQINGSHITAIXIEDEFEICHANGZHISHENKE,BINGBULIHUINEIXIEWAIJIEDEJIAOTIAO。

YOUYIWEICENGZAILIANDARENJIAODEZUOJIAJIAOSHOUZAIMEIGUOJIANGXUE。MEIGUORENWENTA:XINANLIANDABANIAN,SHEBEITIAOJIANNEIYANGCHA,JIAOSHOU、XUESHENGSHENGHUONEIYANGKU,WEISHENMENENGCHUNEIYANGDUODERENCAI?ZHEWEIZUOJIAHUIDALELIANGGEZI:ZIYOU。

< SHENCONGWENHEXUESHENGWANGCENGQI >

GAODUDEJIAOXUEZIYOUZHIXIA,XUESHENGSILUKAIKUOLE,YEHUIXINGCHENGZIJIDEPANDUAN,SHENZHIKEYIGONGKAIFANDUILAOSHIDEGUANDIAN。

YICISHUXUEXIKAOSHI,YOUYIWEITONGXUEYONGLEYIZHONGXINDEFANGFA,KESHISHUXUEXIZHURENYANGWUZHIRENWEITAZUOCUOLE。ZHEGETONGXUEHENJIAOZHEN,ZAIXIAOYUANLITIELEYIZHANGXIAOZIBAO,SHUOTAQUZHAOYANGWUZHI,BAZAZHISHANGDEXINJIEFANAGEITAKAN,RENWEIZIJIZUODEMEIYOUCUO。HOULAIYANGWUZHIHENBUHAOYISI,YINBINGQINGCIXIZHURENZHIWU。

KUNMINGDAXIMENWAIDEFENGZHUJIE,YECHANGCHANGCHUANLAIXUESHUTAOLUNDESHENGYIN。

NEILIYOUJISHIJIANCHAGUAN,DIANJIAMENZHAOGULIANDADEXUESHENG,ZHIXIANGZHENGXINGSHOUYIDIANQIAN,XUESHENGMENKEYIZAINEICONGZAOZUODAOWAN。LIZHENGDAOSHUO:“WOMENCHANGCHANGSHUOSHANGGESHIJIBALIDEKAFEIGUANJUJILEWENXUEJIAHEYISHUJIA,DANGNIANKUNMINGDECHAGUANFENGQIYESHIYIYANG。”

YANGZHENNINGHEHUANGKUNCHANGCHANGDAOCHAGUANQUTAOLUNWULIXUEWENTI。YOUYICIYANGZHENNINGHEHUANGKUNZAILIAOTIAN,HUANGKUNWEN:“AIYINSITANZUIJINYOUFABIAOLEYIPIANWENZHANG,NIKANLEMA?”YANGZHENNINGBASHOUYIBAI,HENBUXIEDEYANGZISHUO:“HAOWUoriginality(CHUANGXIN),SHILAOHUTULEBA。”

YOUSHIYITIAN,YANGZHENNING、HUANGKUN、ZHANGSHOULIAN“SANJIANKE”ZAICHAGUANLIBIANLUNGEBENHAGENDEJIESHIDAODISHIZENMEYIHUISHI。TAMENZAICHAGUANTAOLUNDAOTIANHEI,YOUYILUTAOLUNDAOKUNHUAZHONGXUE。HUISUSHESHIDIANZHONGMIEDENGLE,TAMENYOUDIANLELAZHU,BAWONA·HAISENBAODEYIBENXIAOSHU《LIANGZILIXUEDEYIYI》NACHULAIZAIDUJIDUAN。

HOULAIYANGZHENNINGSHUO:“DANGSHIDEZHISHI,HENDUOSHICONGZIJIDETONGXUENEILIDEDAODE,ERBUSHICONGSHUBENSHANG。”

BUZHIXUESHENGJIANZHEYANG,XUEZHEZHIJIANYEHUXIANGMEIYOUJIDU。ZHUZIQINGYOUSHIHOUJIEWENYIDUO、WANGLIDEWENZHANGLAIKAN,DOUSHIWEIFABIAODEYUANGAO。

JIAOSHOUHUWUJIEXIN,XUESHENGGUANDIANDUDAO,ZISHANGERXIAYANCHUANSHENJIAO。ZHENGGELIANDARUTONGYIGE“ZHISHIGONGTONGTI”。

戰亂

DAOLE1940NIANXIATIAN,XIAOYUANDEPINGJINGCHANGCHANGBEIHONGZHASHENGDAPO。

YOUYIHUI,LISHIXIDELEIHAIZONGXIANSHENGSHANGKE,WENXUESHENG:“WOSHANGCIJIANGDAONALILE?”YIWEIREZHONGJIBIJIDENVXUESHENGFANKAIBENZI,KANLEKAN,SHUO:“NINSHANGCIZUIHOUSHUO:‘XIANZAIYIJINGYOUKONGXIJINGBAO,WOMENXIAKE。’”。

1940NIANXIATIANDAO1941NIANQIUTIAN,RIBENJIHUTIANTIANLAIHONGZHA,LIANDAZAICHENGBIANSHANG,YILAJINGBAODAJIAJIUWANGJIAOWAIPAO。SHISHENGMENCHENGZHIWEI“PAOJINGBAO”。

ZUICANTONGDE1940NIAN10YUE13RI,27JIAFEIJILAIDAOKUNMINGSHANGKONG。WAIWENXIZHURENWUMIZAIRIJIZHONGXIEDAO:7:00SHIZHIBEIZHAQUWEIWENLINJIEYIDAI,YUNDAJILIANDASHIYUANYIQUANHUI,WENHUAXIANGZHUZHAIWUYIXINGCUNZHE。

HEZHAOWUJIDE,“NEITIANHUILAIYIHOUXIAOYUANLIDAOCHUDOUSHIHUICHEN,JIUKANJIANJIANGMENGLINXIAOCHANG——PINGSHITAHENSHAOLUMIANDE——ZUOZAITUSHUGUANMENQIANDEDISHANG,YIFUWUNAIDEYANGZI。”

JIUSHIZAI1940NIANRIKOUMIJIHONGZHADERIZILI,JIAOSHOUFEIXIAOTONGDENVERCHUSHENGLE。“WODEFURENNAIBUGOU,NIUNAIMEIYOUDIFANGMAI,NAIFENYOUMAIBUQI。”FEIXIAOTONGHENQINFENDIXIEWENZHANGZHUANQIAN,YONGGAOFEIMAILEYIGUANNAIFEN。XIAOHAIZIHEWANLEYIZHIKU,YICHANGCAIFAXIANSHIJIANAIFEN。JIUSHIZHEZHONGQINGXINGZHIXIA,FEIXIAOTONGFUFUHUANSHIJIANCHIXIALAILE。

< XINANLIANDAZAORIJIHONGZHA >

WEILEDUOBIHONGZHA,LIANDASHANGKEDESHIJIANYEGAILE,ZHONGWUDESHIJIANKONGLECHULAI。PAOJINGBAODESHIHOUYIGERENFALIANGGEMANTOU,YIGEDATOUCAIXIANCAI。

YOUYICIYANGZHENNINGHEDENGJIAXIANYIQIDUODAOSHANDONGLI,LIANGGERENDAIDEWULIAOJIULANGSONGSHIGE,YANGZHENNINGBEI“YELANWOTINGFENGCHUIYU,TIEMABINGHERUMENGLAI”,DENGJIAXIANBEI“MINGYUESONGJIANZHAO,QINGQUANSHISHANGLIU”。

LIANDATONGXUEYEYOUBUPAOJINGBAODE。YIWEIXINGLUODENVTONGXUE,JINGBAOYILAI,TAJIUXITOU。ZHESHIGUOLUFANGDERESHUIMEIRENYONG,YAODUOSHAOSHUIYOUDUOSHAOSHUI。HUANYOUYIWEIAICHILIANZIDEZHENGTONGXUE,YIYOUJINGBAO,TAJIUYONGYIGEDASHUKOUGANGDAOGUOLUHUOKOUSHANGQUZHULIANZI。

YOUYICIKUNMINGBEIYUAN、NANYUANDOULUOLEZHADAN,ZHEWEIZHENGLAOXIONGTINGZHUZHADANPINGPINGPANGPANGZAIBUYUANDEDIFANGBAOZHA,YIRANZAIXINXIAOSHEDATUSHUGUANPANGDEGUOLUSHANGSHENSEBUDONGDIJIAOTADEBINGTANGLIANZI。

WANGCENGQICHENGZHESHIYIZHONG“RUDAOHUBU”DEJINGSHEN。“WOMENZHEGEMINZU,CHANGQIYILAI,SHENGYUYOUHUAN,YIJINGHEN‘PISHI’LE。MIANDUIRENHECURANERLAIDEZAINAN,DOUNENGFAHUIZHEZHONGJINGSHENDEZHENSUI,JI‘BUZAIHU’。ZHEZHONG‘BUZAIHU’JINGSHEN,SHIYONGYUANZHENGBUFUDE。”

1941NIANDEDONGTIAN,CHENNADEDAIZHUMEIGUOKONGJUNZHIYUANJUNLAILE。ZHANSHIFANYIGONGZUODERENWULUOZAILEXUESHENGDESHENSHANG,XINANLIANDAWAIWENXISAN、SINIANJINANXUESHENGQUANBUYINGZHENGRUWU,CANJIALEGEGEFANGMIANDEFANYIGONGZUO。

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那些消失不見的老北京服務行當兒老北京的服務行當兒有很多, 剃頭、绱鞋、修理雨傘、磨刀、鋦碗、箍漏鍋、焊洋鐵壺、修理竹門簾等。在過去,這些手藝人大多走街串巷,胡同里的叫賣聲連同“響器”發出的各種聲響不絕于耳。不過,隨著時間的推移,過去司空見慣的老行當兒,如今只能在記憶和文字里找尋。作為一位地道的“老北京”,孟繁強年復一年地寫下自己的記憶,講述著他經歷的歲月和變革。本期的京華物語,就來看看他筆下老北京的服務行當兒是什么樣的。以下內容選自《老北京故人舊事》,較原文有刪節,已獲得出版社授權刊發。《老北京故人舊事》,孟繁強著,清華大學出版社2014年12月版。原文作者丨..

夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?大多數人都經歷過這樣的窘境:當鬧鐘響起的時候,立刻按下暫停開關,縮回溫暖的被窩里繼續打盹,當我們再次醒來的時候,往往發現時間已經流逝,甚至因此錯過了早上去公司的班車,或是朋友間難得的聚會。唉,為什么時間從不歇歇腳,與我們一起打會盹呢?當我們悔恨交加的同時,也會回想剛剛睡著時做的夢。夢里的情景千奇百怪,有些與生活相關,有些是超現實,還有些純屬噩夢。有一個問題一直在那里,卻很少被人提起:夢里的時間和現實中的一樣快嗎?01現實五分鐘,夢境一小時夢境中的時間,遠比現實時間流逝得更慢。這是我在思考這個問題時的第一感覺。很多時候午后小憩半..

"我快沒時間了!""我沒空!":我們的時間是如何加速的?通過查看鐘表、日歷或手機,我們知道了某一時刻的“時間”,并把它與事件、人物和地點建立聯系。這是人類自近代以來完成的統一時間、統一敘事。差別只在于時區不同,“當地時間”亦有所不同。古往今來,從神秘學說、哲學到現代物理學,每一種知識體系都先后在爭奪解釋時間。在今天尤其被普遍信任的是現代物理學的理解。它幾乎打碎了關于時間的一切堅固的觀點。時間的流逝并非“人人平等”、并非只有一個方向,更不存在唯一一個時間,而當刻度無限細化,時間中的“現在”甚至完全不存在。時間的統一是現代理性化的產物。這一過程不只是被現代物理學解構,更重要的是,它始..

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