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燕園往事:在廢園之上重建一座中國園林


更新日期:2021-02-03 13:40:24來源:網絡點擊:694888
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YANDAXIAOZHISHANGDEJIUYUANLINDELISHIZUIZAOKEYIZHUISUDAOMINGDAIMIWANZHONGDE“SHAOYUAN”。CONGHUANGJIAFEIYUANDAOXINXINXUEZIDEMENGXIANGZHIDI,BEIJINGDAXUEXIAOYUANDEQIANSHENJINGLILEZENYANGDEJIANZAOGUOCHENG?ZUOWEIZHONGGUOJINDAIJIANZHUSHISHANGDEGUANJIANJIANZHUSHIZHIYI,MAOFEIKAICHUANGDEYIQINGDAIGUANSHIJIANZHUZAOXINGJIEHEXIANDAIJISHUDE“SHIYINGXINGJIANZHU”YINGXIANGSHENYUAN。

原文作者丨[美] 大衛·D·吉爾默

摘編丨劉亞光

《CONGFEIYUANDAOYANYUAN》,TANGKEYANGZHU,GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE2021NIAN1YUEBAN。

1920NIAN11YUE12RI,JIUZAIZHENGSHIGOUMAI“MANZHOURENDEDICHAN”DEYIGEDUOYUEHOU,YINGGAOHOUDEZHIYAO,YANJINGDAXUEXIAOFANGYANQINGDENIUYUEJIANZHUSHIMAOFEIHEGAOHOUDE、SITAQIBOSHI(Dr.Stuckey)YIQITAKANLEYANJINGDAXUEXIAOZHI。

MAOFEIHEDANNASHIWUSUODEKANCHABAOGAOZHAIYAORUXIA:

……DICHANZAIBEIJINGXIBEI7YINGLIZHIWAI,QUYIHEYUANDEDALUBIAN,CONGBEIJINGSHIGUANQUQU30FENZHONGDEQICHE,YOUDALU,DISHIYOUXIXIANGDONGSHENGGAOZHIZHIDICHANDONGYAN,BAQI6YINGCHI,ZHEKUAIDIKEYIHENHAODIZHUANSHIYUMAOFEISHEJIDEDAXUE。DICHANZUICHUSHIYICHUMANZHOUGONGDIAN,HEYUANMINGYUANYITONGBEIYINGGUORENFENHUI——YUANMINGYUANZAIDONGBEIBUDAO1YINGLIYIWAI。

……ZHENGKUAIDICHANHANYOURENGONGXIAOSHAN,SHUIDAOHEDAOYU,YOUXILIUYOUXIZHURU,YUANTOUYUYUQUANSHANHEYIHEYUANDEXIANGTONG。JUDASHANSHUHESONGSHU、RENGONGYANXUEHESHIKUJIAQIANGLECICHUDEZIRANMEI,CONGDICHANDEZUIGAODIANKEYIKANJIANZHOUZAODEXIANGYEJINGSE。

ZONGTIZHUANGKUANG:ZUNGAOHOUDEXIANSHENGZHIZHU,WOMENDUIDICHANHEFUJINDIFANGDEZHUANGKUANGJINXINGLECEHUI,YEJINXINGLEDISHICEHUI,GUJIFUJINJIANZHUSHITOUDESHULIANG。YINWEIFUJINYOUXUDUOHUAGANGYANSHITOU,ZHUANGKUANGSHIZUMANZUJIANZHUXINFANGZIDEXUYAO。DISHICEHUIKENENGSHIZUIZHONGYAODE,YINWEIZHEDUILIYONGDIMIANSHANGBUGUIZEXINGDEZIRANYISHUDEQIANZHIZUIYOUHAOCHU,CONGERKEYIRANGJIANZHUSHIMAOFEIXIANSHENGZHUSHOUANPAITADEDAXUEJIANZHUDEQUNZU。

ZAIKANCHABAOGAOZHONG,FUYOUJIZUYINGNIUYUETUOSHIBUYAOQIUPAISHEDEZHAOPIAN,ZAIZHAOPIANHOU,MAOFEIBUJINJINMIAOSHULEMEIYIZHENZHAOPIANZHONGDEZHONGYAOJINGWU,HUANXIANGXIZHUMINGLETAMENPAISHEDEFANGWEI,YIBIANHECEHUITUJINXINGBIJIAO。ZHEXIEZHENGUIDEZHAOPIANPILULEYANYUANHANWEIRENZHIDE“ZUICHU”,ZAIYIXILIESHUYINGCUNJIANFANGDEHEIBAIZHAOPIANLI,ZHE“ZUICHU”MEIYOUBINFENDEYOUCAI,ZHIYOUGUANGMAODANDIAODEXIANGYEJINGSE,JUDADESONGSHUHEXIAOTUSHANDIANZHUIZAISHIYELIHUANHUANZHANKAIDEYIPIANPINGCHOUZHIZHONG。

MAOFEIHEDANNASHIWUSUODEKANCHABAOGAOZHONGSUOFUDEZHAOPIAN,JINTIANRENMENSUOSHUXIDEHUGUANGTAYING,JINGSHIYUANZIZHEYANGYIZUOFEIYUANZHISHANG。

MEIGUOFENGJINGSHIXUEJIAYUEHAN·B·JIEKEXUN(John B·Jackson)CENGJINGSHUOGUO,YAOLEJIEYIGECHANGSUO、YICHUCUNZHUANG、YIZUOCHENGZHENRUHEZUZHIZISHENDELUOJI,ZUIHAOSHIHUIDAOTADE“ZUICHU”,HUIDAONEIZHIYOUSHILAIGEREN、YILIANGCHUQISHENZHISUODEHONGHUANGZHICHU。

YIGEZUIZHONGMIANJIDADAOLIANGQIANYUMU,RONGNASHUQIANXUESHENGDEXIANDAIDAXUEXIAOYUAN,SHIZENYANGZAIYIZUOSIWANGWUREN、JINGJICONGSHENGDEFEIYUANSHANGBADIERQIDE?

1

燕園歷史:

最早可追溯到米萬鐘的“勺園”

YANDAXIAOZHISHANGDEJIUYUANLINDELISHIZUIZAOKEYIZHUISUDAOMINGDAIMIWANZHONG(1570—1628?)DE“SHAOYUAN”。ZUOWEIWANLINIANJIANZHUMINGDESHUFAJIA,MIWANZHONGYUDONGQICHANG、XINGDONG、ZHANGRUITUBINGCHENG“MINGMOSIDASHUJIA”,GENGYI“NANDONGBEIMI”DESHENGYUZHAOSHIZHUBEIFANGWENRENLINGXIUDESHENFEN。RANER,SHIYUNIANDENANFANGHUANYOUJINGLISIHUDUITAYINGXIANGZHISHEN,HUIDAOBEIFANGRENZHIZHIZHIQUSHIDEJINERSHINIANLI,TAZAIBEIJINGGONGLIUXIASANCHUYUANLINSHENGJI,SANYUANDEYINGZAODOUDUOSHAOXIANLUCHUTANANFANGSHENGHUOJINGYANDEYINHEN。YOUQISHISHAOYUAN,ZAIDANGSHIDEDIDOUBEIJINGSUYIJIANGNANFENGZHIWENMING,ZHEYIDIANZAIDUOZHONGMINGRENBIJIZHONGJUNYOUJIZAI。

LIRU,ZHEJIANGRENWANGSIRENZAI《MITAIPUJIACHUAN》ZHONGSHUO:“GONGZAIHAIDIANZUOSHAOYUAN,YINSHUIZHONGZHU,DASIWANGJIANGNAN。WANZUOMANYUAN,LINGJIANJIAZHIQU。RANXIWEIQUZHEZHANZHUANZHISHI,MENYIHUHUAN,KEZUBUDERU,JIRUYEBUJIEHECHU,KEFANGMENMI,GONGNAIKUAI。”YOU“MIJIAYUAN、MIJIATONG、MIJIADENG、MIJIASHI”BEILIEWEIDANGSHIDE“SIQI”,WEISHIRENSUOJINJINLEDAO。

HAOYIGE“KEFANGMENMI,GONGNAIKUAI”DEJIANGNANYUANLINFENGZHI——ZHEWEIXIHUANBAKERENZHETENGDEYUNTOUZHUANXIANGDEWANZHONGXIANSHENG“QUZHEZHANZHUAN”DEQINGHUAI,SIHUYU“BEIMI”DELEILUOXINGXIANGLVEYOUCHURU。BUGUOZHEZHONG“QUZHEZHANZHUAN”,YIJIDUI“YUAN、TONG、DENG、SHI”DEBINGJUYUPIHAO,QUEHEMINGMOWENRENSHENGHUOZHONGDEYIYANGQINGDIAOQIHE,YINZANGZHUMOUZHONG“JIANJIAZHIQU”ZHIWAIDEYIWEI。

SHAOYUANJIUJINGRUHESHIDEFANGZHE“MENMI”QIZHONG?RUJINZHINENGCONG《YANDOUYOULANZHI》YILEIDEWENZIZHONGXUNMILE:

SHAOYUANJINGYUEFENGYANLI,RUJINGLUANSHILEIKE,GAOLIUYINZHI。NANYOUPO,POSHANGQIAOYUEYINGYUN,JISUZIZHANSHU。XIAQIAOWEIPINGQIANG,QIANGSHANGSHIYUEQUEBANG,LEHUANGSHANGUSHU。ZHEERBEIWEIWENSHUIPO,KUASHUIYOUZHAIYUEDINGFANG,FANGXIGAOFUTIYUESONGFENGSHUIYUE,FUDUANWEIQIAOYUEWEIYILIANG,ZHURENSUOZISHUYE。YULIANGERBEIWEISHAOHAITANG,WUWENZHONGZHUAN。TANGQIANGUAISHIDUNYAN,GUAZISONGYIZHI。QIYOUWEIQULANG,YOUWURUFANG,YUETAIYIXIE,ZHOUZAOJIEBAILIANHUAYE。DONGNANJIEZHU,YOUBEIYUELINYUSHI。YOUGAOLOUYONGZHULINZHONGYUECUIBAOLOU,ZOUDIGUANGSHU。XIALOUBEIXINGWEICHAYADU,YIZHURENZISHU。YOUBEIWEISHUIXIE,ZUIHOUYITANG,BEICHUANGYITUO,ZEDAOQIQIANQING,BUFUYOULIAOYUANYAN。

KEYIXIANGXIANG,CONGRUYUANQI,YOUYUANZHEDESHIXIANBIANBUDUANWEIYOULUANSHI、GAOLIU、PINGQIANG、GAOFU、WEIQIANG、QULANG、LIANHUA、ZHULINSUOZUCHENGDEGEZHONG“ZHANGJING”SUOGUIFANHEYINDAO,NEIYEBIANSHIQINGCHUSUNCHENGZE《CHUNMINGMENGYULU》ZHONGSUOSHUODE“LUQIONGZEZHOU,ZHOUQIONGZELANG,GAOLIUYANZHI,YIWANGMIJI”。

YOUMAOFEIDETAKAN,WOMENZHIDAOZHENGGEYANDAXIAOYUANYEBUGUOGAOCHALIUYINGCHI,JIYIRENSHENGAO,CONGDICHANDEZUIGAODIANWANGQU,ZHOUZAOJINGSEBENYINGYILANWUYU,DANYILAIZHIWUPEIZHI、RENZAOTUSHANHEZHANGQIANGWEIPING,ZHEYOUXIANDEWULIKONGJIANQUEYINGZAOCHULEWEIYISHENQU、GAODIDIEDANGDEJIANGNANJINGZHI,YU“DAOQIQIANQING”DEBENDIFENGGUANGJIERANBUTONG。YIJUHOURENZHIXIANSHENGDEKAOJU,JIEHEZIYANDAJIAOSHOUHONGYEYILAIZHUWEIXUEZHEDEFUYUANTUICE,WOMENKEYIZHIDAO《YANDOUYOULANZHI》DEZUOZHESUNGUOMISUOMIAOXIEDESHAOYUANZHISHIYIGEBUDADEXIACHANGQUYU,DANTAJIZHONGLESHISUOYISHANGDEJIANZHUHEYOULUANSHI、HUBO、ZHULIN、LIANHUADENGZUCHENGDEZHONGDUOBUTONGDIXINGDIMAODEJINGDIAN。

LAIDELINSUOFUYUANDESHAOYUANXIANGXIANGTU(JUBU)。

DUIYUWEILAIDEYANYUAN,YIGEMEIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIXINMUZHONGCHONGJINGDE“ZHONGGUOSHI”XIAOYUANERYAN,SHAOYUANSUOZAIDEHAIDIANJIURIYUANLINGUZHIJINYUWANMEI——ZAIMEIYOUBIYINYUANZAOYUAN,“YUANZHONGYUAN”HUO“YUANWAIYUAN”GENGSHUNLICHENGZHANGDELE。

RANER,WOMENBUYINGWANGJIDESHI,ZAIYANJINGDAXUEKANCHAXIAOZHISHI,JIGEJINFABIYANDEYANGRENYANZHONGBINGMEIYOUSIHAOSIBAINIANQIANXIRIYUANLINDEHENJI,ZHENSHIDEJINGKUANGSHI,JINGGUOMIWANZHONGSHENHOUJINSIBAINIANDEYINGJIANHEHUIQI,SHAOYUANZAOYIWUJIKEXUNLE,TAZAOYIRONGRUYIMU“CUN”YU“YI”DEHUOJUZHONG,XIANGXINGYUWANGYANGZISIDEWENZIYUXIANGXIANG,WULIXIANSHIZHONGSUOSHENGXIADEJIJINYULING。

20SHIJI20NIANDAICHU,RENMENDUIQIANCHAODEYUANLINSHENGJINGHUANZONGSUANYOUSUOGANSHOU,NEIBIANSHICONG“MANZHOURENDEDICHAN”SHANGCANLIUDEDIXINGDIMAOZHONG,HUOXUHUANNENGFENBIANCHUYISIGUGUAIDE“ZIRANMEI”——DAIBIAOZHUDONGFANGSHIDE“BUGUIZEYISHU”。NEIXIE“RENGONGDEYANXUEHESHIKU”SHIMAOFEIXIANGQIDE,SHITALAIZHONGGUOZHIQIAN,ZAIJIALIFUNIYAZHOUTAIPINGYANGBOLANHUISHANGKANJIANDECHUKOUWAIXIAODEZHONGGUOFENGQING,HUANSHIYIBAIDUONIANQIANSHENGXINGYUOUZHOUDE“ZIRANFENGZHI”ZHONGDERENZAOFEIXU?DUITACIQIANYEYIWANCHENGDENEIHONGDASHEJITUJING,ZHE“BUGUIZE”DEZIRANMEIYOUYIWEIZHUSHENME?

ZAINEISHEJIZHONG,QIZHENGDE、BUKAOLVDIXINGERPUSHIYUYIQIEXIANGYEJIDIDEJIANZHUQUNZU,SHIBIMOPINGYIQIEKENGKENGWAWA、GOUGOUKANKAN,GAODADEJIANZHUTILIANGJIANGSHIDEAIXIAODEJIASHANXIANGXINGJIANCHU,ZHILIPOSUIDEXIAOHUJIANGBUDEBUBEITIANPING,WEIKEYIXINGSHIQICHEDEDALURANGDAO。ZAIZHESHENSHAOQIFUDEJIDISHANG,RUOXIANGYAOCHENGXIANYINGGUOSHIDEZIRANFENGZHI,BENYIYOUXIENANDU;RUOYAOJINERRONGHEZHONGGUOSHIDE“BUGUIZEYISHU”,ZESHINANSHANGJIANAN。

JULIQINGWANGCHAODEBENGKUIBUGUOSHINIAN,ZAOYUANZHEMENXINGDANGZAIZHONGGUOYIJINGYILUOQIANZHANG。ZONGRANJIDISHANGSUICHUKEJIANFEIYUANLILIUXIADEDASHI,XIANGZAIXIANQINGDAIDIESHANDEFENGCAIYEYIBUTAIKENENG。JIUXIANGYANJINGDAXUEHOULAIZAIDIAOCHABAOGAOZHONGTIJIDENEIBAN,ZAIJIBEIFANGHUANGJIAYUANLINZHIDACHENGDEBEIJING,TAMENSUONENGFAXIANDEDIESHIGONGJIANG,YEZHIYOUQUQULIANGGEERYI,ERQIEZHECHUNCUIYILAIDASHIXINDEHEGERENLAODONGDESHOUYI,SHOUFEIZHIGAOSHIRENQUEBU。

ZHEYIQIEMAOFEIYINGDANGXIANGGUO。

2

是中國園林,

還是“中國式”的校園?

CONG“FEIYUAN”DAO“YANYUAN”HUANYOUHENCHANGYIDUANLUYAOZOU。DANYOUJIXIANGBIAOMING,MAOFEIBINGBUSHIZHEDUANLUWEIWEITU——TABINGBUXIANGJINTIANDEJIANZHUSHIHEJIANZHUSHIJIAMENYIYANG,YOUZHUMOUZHONGNANYIGESHEDE“YINGXIANGDEJIAOLV”。

SUIRANFEIYUANDELISHIYUANYUANXIANERYIJIAN,DANNEISHIHOU,TAMENQUEWEIJIANDEDUIMAOFEIXINGCHENGDUOSHAOSHIZAIDEJIBAN。ZHEWEIMEILAIGUOJICIZHONGGUODEMEIGUOJIANZHUSHI,ZAICIQIANYIJINGXIANSHUDIZAOQISISUO“ZHONGGUOSHI”DAXUELE——BUGUANZHE“ZHONGGUOSHI”SHIFOUZHENDEJINGDEQITUIQIAO,ZHONGYAODESHI,TAMENDEDAOLETADEZHUGUDERENKE。JIANZHUSHIBINGBUZONGXIANGLISHIXUEJIAYIYANG,DUISHISHIDEZHUNQUEXINGHUAIYOUYIZHONGDAODEGANDEQIANXI。

DUIMAOFEIERYAN——YEDUIYUWEILAIDEYANDAJIANSHEZHEERYAN,JIDISHANGDE“ZIRAN”ZHUANGKUANGJINJINYIWEIZHU“TUOSHOUKEDEDEJIANZHUCAILIAO”HEYINGXIANGSHIGONGTIAOJIANDESHIJIYINSU。ZHIYUSHIFOUJIANZAOYIGEZHONGGUOSHIDEYUANLINHUANJING,KONGPABINGBUZAIMAOFEIDEYOUXIANKAOLIANGZHIZHONG,CONGYANDAXIAOFANG1922NIANQIANMANGYUGEZHONGSHIJISHIWUDEZHUANGKUANGPANDUAN,KONGPADANGSHILIANZHEGE“YANYUAN”DEYINGZIDOUMEIYOU。

ZHONGGUOYUANLINHUANSHI“ZHONGGUOSHI”DEXIAOYUAN?SHI“ZIRAN、RUHUA”HUANSHI“YINDIZHIYI”?

ZAIGEZHONGSHIJIKUNNANJIUGEFENLUANDE“ZUICHU”,ZHEXIEBUDUICHENGDEZUHESIHUSHIFENGGESHIZHONGNANYIDAKAIDESIJIE,DANSHI,RENHEXUANZEDOUBUHUISHIJUEDUIDEOURAN。FEIYUANSUOZAIDEJIDISHIJIANGNANYANGSHIJIUYUANLINDESHENGDI,HUGUANGTAYINGZUIZHONGCONGDUOZHONGKENENGXINGZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,ZHEYIQIEBINGFEIMEIYOUYINYUEDEMOLUOKEYISUOYIN。ZHEXIEMOLUOBINGBUYIDINGDAOXIANGXIRIYUANLINDELISHIYINGXIANG,QUEHELINGYIZHONG“ZIRAN”DEDASHIMIQIEXIANGGUAN。

JINTIAN,HAIDIANSHIHAOCHENG“ZHONGGUOGUIGU”DEZHONGGUANCUNHEGAOXIAOQUDESUOZAI,GAOLOUMIBU,SHANGYEFANHUA,HEBEIJINGZHONGXINQUJIHUBUFENXUANZHI,DANSHUSHINIANQIAN,NAPASANSHINIANQIAN,ZHEFUDOUSHITUJINGDOUJIERANBUTONG——ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,ZAIBEIJINGCHENGSHITUPOCHENGQIANGDESHUFU、DAGUIMODIXIANGWAIKUOZHANGZHIQIAN,HAIDIANZHENJIHUSHIBEIJINGXIBEIJIAO,NAIZHIBEIJINGJIAOWAI,WEIYIFAZHANWEIDULIJULUODEDAGUIMOSHIZHEN,ERTADESIZHOUJUNSHIXIANGYENONGTIAN,HEJINTIANCHEMARULONGDEFANHUAJINGXIANGJIERANBUTONG。

ZAIBEIJINGXIJIAODEDIXINGTUSHANG,YOUYITIAOYOUQUDEWUSHIMIDENGGAOXIAN,TASUOBIAOSHIDE“BAGOUDIDI”HEZHOUWEIDIXINGDELUOCHA,SHIDEYUQUANSHAN—WANQUANZHUANGSHUIXIBUSHIXIANGBEIJINGDIQUDEDADUOSHUHELIUYIYANGLIUXIANGDONGNAN,ERSHIZAIZHEYIDIQUJURANZHEXIANGDONGBEI。HEDAOHEQUANYUANDECHANGNIANLIUJING,JIANGWUSHIMIDENGGAOXIANYIBEIDEDIMIANQINSHIDEYUEFADIWA,SHUILIUZHOUZHUAN,BIANXINGCHENGLEYIGEBANYUANXINGDECHENGSHUIPENDI。ERJINLINPENDI、BUSHOUDISHIBEISHIZHILEI、DISHIGAOSONGDE“HAIDIANTAIDI”,XIANGYINGCHENGWEILIXIANGDENONGYEJULUOSUOZAI。

YANZHUTAIDIHESHIDIBIANYUANFAZHANDENONGYEKENZHI,XINGCHENGLEZUIZAODEBEIJINGXIJIAOYUANLINDEJICHU:

HAIDIANZHENGBEIYIJIXIBEIYIDAI,DISHIDIXIA,SHIJIURIYUANLINSANBUDEQUYU。XIANZAIYANJINGDAXUEXINANYIYUYUHAIDIANBEIBUHUXIANGPILIANDEDIFANG,ZHENGSHIJIURIYUANLINZHONGKAIPIZUIZAODEYIBUFEN。JINGYIGONGLUCONGDONGNANERXIBEI,XIEGUANHAIDIANZHENDEZHONGXIN。FANSHIJINGYOUZHETIAOGONGLUXIANGBEILAIDE,YICHUHAIDIANZHEN……JIJIANDIXINGTURANXIAJIANG,RUZAIFUDI,TIANCHENGCUOLIE,XILIUYINGHUI,DUNCHENGJIANGNANQIXIANG。SHULIYIWAIYOUWANSHOUSHAN、YUQUANSHANPINGDIFUQI,QIHOUGENGYOUXISHANWANYAN,RUPINGRUZHANG。NANBEIYIZHENZHIGE,DILIJINGGUAN,JIONGRANBUTONG。

20SHIJIZAOQI,RENMENKANDAODEZHEXIE“TIANCHENGCUOLIE,XILIUYINGHUI”,JUYOUJIANGNANQIXIANGDESHIDIFENGMAO,TONGSHIYESHISIBAINIANYILAIMIWANZHONGMENYINGJIAN“HAIDIAN”DEJIEGUO。HAIDIAN,GUMINGSIYI,YUANSHIDAXINGDENEILUHUBO,ZHEYICHENGHUTONGXINGYUZHONGGUSHIDAIDEZHONGGUO。ERMIWANZHONGDESHAOYUANJIYUANZHONG“SHAOHAI”,YEQUZI“QUHAISHUIYISHAO”DEYUYI,DANGSHIYIPIANWANGYANGDEJINGXIANGKEYIXIANGJIAN。RANERCONGYUANMINGLIANGDAIKAISHI,YOUYUHAIDIANJULUO(DAZHIDENGYU52.5MIDENGGAOXIAN)DEXINGQI,“DAOQIQIANQING”DEJINGXIANGBEIHOUSHIGUODUKENZHI,YUANXIANGUANGKUODEHUBOMIANJIXIANZHUJIANXIAO,XINGCHENGLEYIGEGEDAXIAOBUDENGDEYANSHENGHUBO,YOUCICHANSHENGDEDIMAODAOSHIYUJIANGNANDIQUFEICHANGJIEJIN。《DIJINGJINGWULVE》YOUWENWEIZHENG:

SHUISUOJUYUEDIAN。GAOLIANGQIAOXIBEISHILI,PINGDICHUQUANYAN,BIAOBIAOSIQU,ZHONGZHONGCAOMUZEZHI,DONGDONGPANZHEYICANWU,WEISHIYUDIANZHU。BEIYUEBEIHAIDIAN,NANYUENANHAIDIAN。HUOYUE:BAGOUSHUIYE。SHUITIANGUICHE,GOUCHENGCECE,YUANSHULVYIQINGQING,YUANFENGWUWENERYOUSE。

BUJINZHEYIDAIDEZIRANJINGXIANGPINFANDIBEIBIZUOJIANGNANFENGGUANG,LIANDIMINGYEDAISHANGLESHIRENXIAXIANGDEHENJI。

XINCIQILUDAIQIANTU,SHILICAOSHENGCHUNBUGU。

YIWOYOUXIANGMICHUSUO,ZUOKANYUQICHUXIHU。

ZHEXIEDEJIANGSHANZHIZHUDEWENXINHUAJING,BUJINJINSHISHIRENXINXUDELIULU,TAMENSUOJILUDEJINGHAIDIANWANGXISHANYIDAIDEXIRANGKELIUHETIANYUANFENGGUANG,TONGSHIYESHIBEIJINGCHENGSHIFAZHANDELISHIJIANZHENG。ZICONGNVZHENRENDEJINCHAOZAIBEIJINGDIQUDIYICIJIANDOUYILAI,XIBEIJIAODEZHONGYAOJIUBUJINJINTIXIANZAITADEFENGGUANG,YETIXIANZAIZIRANZIYUANDUIYUDOUCHENGDEZHANLVEYIYISHANG。HAIDIANTAIDIZUDUANLEXISHANGAOSONGDEDISHIXIANGBEIJINGDEZIRANJIANGLUO,BULIYUCHENGNEIHUODESHENGHUOYONGSHUI,WEINIUZHUANYUQUANSHANSHUIXIDONGBEILIUXIANGDEQUSHI,CAIYOULEKUNMINGHUDONGDEDIFANGHEQINGLONGQIAODEJIELIUSHUIZHA,YIJIZAIWANSHOUSIQIANKAIZAO、XIANGDONGNANLIURUBEIJINGCHENGDERENGONGSHUIDAOCHANGHE。

3

海淀臺地的北緣:

皇家和庶民的分野

ZHEYI“DU”YI“FEN”,BIANSHIDEGUHUBOHAIDIANYUFASUOXIAO,BUJINFENGGUANGXIUMEI,ERQIEGENGBIANYURENJU。ZHEYANGDEXINGSHENGZHICHU,LIDAIDEWANGGONGGUIZHOU、XIANHEZHIJIAZIDANGXIANJUYAOJIN,XIJIAOYUANLINDEKAIPICONGCIWEICENGTINGZHI:CONGMINGDAIHUANGQINLIWEIGUIMOHONGDADEQINGHUAYUAN,ZHIZHIYIHUPIQIANGWEIQIZHENGGEKUNMINGHUDEYIHEYUAN(QINGYIYUAN),CONG“ZHIQUYIPIAOYIN”DEMIWANZHONGDESHAOYUAN,DAO“YITIANSUODIZAIJUNHUAI”DE“WANYUANZHIYUAN”YUANMINGYUAN,BUYIERZU。

ZHEXIEYUANJUZHEHUOFANGKEZISHENBINGBUCONGSHINONGYESHENGCHAN,YINSHISHENGHUODOUYANGFUJINJUJUDENONGMINJIUJINGONGGEI,HAIDIANYIDAIDENONGYEKENZHIYOUCICHIXUFAZHAN,HAIDIANZHENDESHANGYEXINGSHENGZIBUBISHUO,YOUQINGYIDAI,HAIDIANYIZHISHIJINGXIZHUMINGDEDAOMICHANQU。ZHIDAOZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLICHUQI,ZAIYANJINGDAXUE—BEIJINGDAXUEDEXIYUANQIANGWAIDOUKEYIKANDEJIANYIWANGWUJIDESHUITIAN。

ZHEBUFENDIQUDEGUANGAIGONGSHUI,TONGSHIYEJIUSHIYANJINGDAXUEXINXIAOZHINEIJIUYUANLINDESHUIYUAN,WANQUANZHUANGSHUIXIZAICICHUHUIHELEKUNMINGHUJICHANGHEDONGXIEZHISHUI,RAOJINGYANDAHEYANDAXIAOZHIXIBIANDECHANGCHUNYUANZHIJIAN,BEILIUDONGZHUAN,JINGYUANMINGYUANGUZHINANYUAN,GUOQINGHUADAXUEBEILIUYIRUQINGHE。

BEIDAXIAOYUANNEIDELANGRUNYUANYIDUYOUZHUWANRUJIANGNANDEJINGZHI。ZUOZHESHEYU1997NIAN。

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4

海淀鎮的黃金時代,

在圓明園的一炬中灰飛煙滅

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XIANGGUAN:

疫情中的上海,告訴你什么是現代城市后疫情時代,生活在什么城市最舒適?傳染病除了是一個醫學和流行病學問題,同時也是觀察一個地區的治理方式和社會文化的窗口。造成全球大流行的新冠病毒,不可避免地放大了不同地區的文化差異——不僅是國內與國外,也包括同一地區不同城市的差異。對疫情的不同處理方式,往往顯示了這些城市由歷史塑造出的不同性格。?作者 | 維舟?編輯 | 程遲新年方始,中國的南北兩大都市就都出現了零星疫情。作為國內最發達的兩個城市,它們都有著最好的防疫響應和精準防控機制,然而人們也發現,落實到細節上,京滬的防疫做法又有所不同。前幾天有飼養寵物者在微博上求助,由于..

帕特里克·懷特:他的小說讓每個譯者身心衰弱帕特里克·懷特(Patrick White,1912—1990)是當代最杰出的澳大利亞作家,一生共發表12部長篇小說。由于文學上的成就,他于1973年被授予諾貝爾文學獎。成為迄今為止,唯一獲此殊榮的澳大利亞作家。但也因為小說的復雜難譯,懷特的小說每次都讓譯者付出巨大的身心消耗,甚至患病。作者|王培根(譯者)《乘戰車的人》,[澳]帕特里克·懷特 著,王培根 譯,浙江文藝出版社,2021年1月。01懷特的人生經歷懷特的曾祖父是1826年由英格蘭來澳大利亞定居的。他的父母在澳大利亞擁有兩個牧羊場。1912年5月懷特出生于倫敦,當時他的父母正在英國旅游。懷特六個月后,被帶回澳大..

商禽:存在主義式對人之為人的質疑和思索詩人商禽1930年生于四川珙縣,正逢亂世。他15歲從軍,隨軍隊顛沛流離,一場漫長的、與家鄉日益疏遠的流亡歷程由此開始。1950年,商禽去到臺灣,為生存做過碼頭工人、園丁,開過面館。生活條件固然艱辛,精神也被戒嚴時期的高壓政治現實所桎梏,在長久的時間里,身體與精神陷入“囚禁”與“逃亡”的糾葛與撕扯。他曾說,“逃亡是我生命的縮影”。唯一的脫離路徑,就是詩。寫詩,是被扭曲的生命的記錄,是自由精神僅剩的依存之地。商禽(1930—2010),1930年生于四川省珙縣,詩人,本名羅顯烆。1950年隨部隊去臺,曾做過編輯、碼頭臨時工、園丁,賣過牛肉面,后于《時報周刊..

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