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日本浮世繪,不僅僅是春宮美人


更新日期:2021-02-03 13:40:35來源:網絡點擊:694890
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FUSHIHUISHIRIBENDEMINGPIANZHIYI,BULUNNISHIFOUSHUXIRIBENWENHUA,YIDINGDUINEIFU《SHENNAICHUANCHONGLANGLI》YOUYINXIANG——TACHUXIANZAIZHUANGSHIHUAZHONG,CHUXIANZAIWENCHUANGYONGPINLI,CHUXIANZAIYISHISHANG。

RUJIN,YAOXINSHANGJINGPINDERIBENFUSHIHUI,ZHINENGZAIHUALANGLIHEZHANLANZHONG,DANFUSHIHUIQISHISHICHUNCUIDE“PINGMINYISHU”。

FUSHIHUISHIGUDAIZHONGGUOHUIHUAZAIBEIRIBENGAIZAOZHIHOUDECHANWU,TATIXIANLERIBENRENSHIYONGDEGONGJIANGJINGSHEN。ZAIDAHANGHAISHIDAIKAIQIHOU,RIBENBEIJUANRUSHIJIETIXI,FUSHIHUIYECHUANRUOUZHOU,BINGQIEYINGXIANGLEYIZHONGYIZAIBAITUOXIESHICHUANTONGDEYINXIANGPAIHUAJIA。

WOMENCAIFANGLESHANGHAIMEISHUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU、《FUSHIHUI》ZUOZHEPANLILAOSHI,RANGTADAIWOMENKANKAN,YIFUXIAOXIAODEFUSHIHUILI,SHIZENYANGYIBUJINGCAIDERIBENWENHUASHI。

?作者 | Felicia

?編輯 | 程遲

YISHUSHISHECHIPIN,SHISHANGLIUJIEJIDEWENHUA,ZHISHAOYESHISHUYUZHONGCHANDE——DANG2021NIANDERENZOUJINBOWUGUAN、MEISHUGUANDESHIHOU,DADUOSHUGUANZHONGBAOZHUYIZHONGZHANYANGDEXINTAIQUGUANMOGAOGAOZAISHANGDEYISHU。

WULUNSHIGUXILA、LUOMA,HUANSHIGUZHONGGUO,ZHIJINNENGLIUCUNXIALAI、BEIYOUYISHIBAOHUDEYISHU,DADUODOUSHIGUIZUWENHUADEYICHAN。ZHIDAOJINXIANDAI,XIFANGGONGYEGEMINGWEIPINGMINJIECENGDEHUAYUQUANKAILEYIDAOKOUZI,YUELAIYUEDUOYISHUJIAKAISHICHUMOSHUYUPINGMINDEYISHU。

ZAIDONGYA,FUSHIHUISHIYIZHONGSHANGUANGDESHIDAICHANWU。TAYIJIUSHUYUDONGYAFENGJIANSHEHUI,DANTASHIPINGMINWENHUADEJINGSUI,QIEBEILISHILIUCUNLEXIALAI。

2020NIAN,BEIJING、SHANGHAI、SHENZHENDOUBUYUEERTONGDIJUBANLEFUSHIHUIZHANLAN,WOMENQUSHANGHAIKANLEPANLICEZHANDE“MENGHUIJIANGHU——FUSHIHUIYISHUDAZHAN”。PANLIYESHI《FUSHIHUI》DEZUOZHE。

浮世繪有特別有趣的三份氣質:它是平民的藝術,它是關注女性的藝術,同時,它以多元的生命力,囊括了日本的風景、日本的性格,甚至是日本社會的圖景。

《FUSHIHUI》,PANLIZHU

PURUIWENHUA | HUNANMEISHUCHUBANSHE,2020-11

FUSHIHUISHIYIMIANJINGZI。

《FUSHIHUI》TOUYIHUICHUBAN,SHIZAISHIERNIANQIAN。PANLILAOSHIZIJISHUO,ZHENGSHIZAIZHEBANIANJIAN,TACAIBUDUANDIZHENZHENGSHENRU、MINGBAIFUSHIHUI。CISHUJINGBANIANZAIYIFANZHENGXIU,CONGYIBENBOSHISHIQIDEXUESHUYANJIUZUOPIN,BIANDEGENGJIA“PINGMINHUA”,GENGJIASHIHEDAZHONGYUEDU。

WOMENWENPANLILAOSHI,NINJUEDEFUSHIHUIZUIZHUYAODEQIZHISHISHENME?TASHUO,SHITADEPINGMINQIZHI。

RUGUOWOMENYAOQULEJIEZHEZHONGPINGMINWENHUAZAIHEZHONGQIMINZHIXIAFAYUYIJISANBO,DEHUIDAO200NIANQIANDEYIGEDIFANG——RUJINDEDONGJINGQIANCAO。

SUIZHUCHENGSHIDEKUOZHANG,QIANCAOYIJINGSHIDONGJINGDEZHONGYAOSHANGQUAN,CUNJINCUNTUZHIDI。ZHEERZHENGSHIJIANGHUPINGMINWENHUADEDANSHENGDI。

YIXIAYOUPANLILAOSHIJIANGSHU。

吉原,紅燈區

江戶平民文化的沙龍

“JIYUAN”ZHEGEGAINIANDUIZHONGGUODEDUZHELAISHUOKENENGBIJIAOMOSHENG,TASHUYUJIANGHUDEPINGMINQU,YEKEYISHUOSHIHONGDENGQU、SEQINGQU。

浮世繪不是泛泛的美人畫,背后有著江戶平民文化的豐富內涵。江戶平民文化的起源,或者說最集中平民意識的沙龍,就在吉原。吉原雖說是一個色情區,但它又不是一個純粹的色情區。

“MENGHUIJIANGHU”ZHANLANXIANCHANG,TUWEIXIDUOCHUANGE麿DEMEIRENHUI

BAITIANDEJIYUANJIUXIANGGUANMIANTANGHUANGDEWENYISHALONG,YOUQINQISHUHUA,YEYOUCAIYIBIAOYAN,BAOKUOCHADAO、SHUHUA、FUZHUANG、GEZHONGCHUILADANCHANG,SHENZHINVXINGDEZUIXINKUANHEFUDEYANGSHI、MIANLIAO、FAXINGDENGDENG,DOUHUIZAIZHEERHUXIANGPANBI、JIAOLIU,YINCIBAITIANDEJIYUANSHIBUCONGSHISEQINGSHENGYIDE。

SEQINGJIAOYICONGBANGWAN6DIANZHONGKAISHI,ZHIDAODIERTIANZAOCHEN6DIAN。JIYUANYOUHENGUIJUDEGUANLI。ZAIDANGSHIMUFUZHENGQUANDEGUANZHIZHIXIA,WUSHIJIECENGYOUZHUHENDUODEQINGGUIJIELV,YAOLINGXINGJINZHI,YIBAOCHIZHUWUSHIDETIMIAN。

GECHUANGUANGZHONG,MINGSUOJIANGHUBAIJING, QIANCAOJINLONGSHAN,1857NIAN。

JIYUANYERUCI,SEQINGSHENGYIZHINENGZAIBANGWAN6DIANDAODIERTIANZAOCHEN6DIANJINXING,BAITIANJIUSHIPINGMINDEYOULEQU,YOUCIZISHENGXINGXINGSESEDEJIANGHUPINGMINWENHUA。

YIBANDELAOBAIXINGMEIYOUQIANQUQINGHUAKUI,YINCIBAITIANJIUDAOJIYUANLAIKANGERENAO。BAITIANJINRUJIYUANBUXUYAOMENPIAO,CANJIAWENYIHUODONGSHIMIANFEIDE,YINCIJIYUANDEBAITIANSHIPINGMINDETIANXIA,ERDAOLEWANSHANG,BIJIAODUOWUSHI、SHANGREN、GUIZULAIGUANGGUJIYUAN。

JIYUANZUICHUSHIZAIDONGJINGQIANCAOSIDEHOUMIAN,XIANRUJINDEQIANCAOSISUIZHUDONGJINGDOUQUANDEKUOZHANG,YIJINGZAIBIJIAOZHONGXINDEWEIZHI,CHENGZUODITIEDONGJINGYINZUOXIANXIANDOUNENGDAODA,DANZAIJIANGHUSHIDAI,JIYUANSHIHENPIANYUANDEDIFANG。MUFUYOUYIJIANGSEQINGQUJIANZAICHENGSHIDEBIANSHANG,BUZAISHIZHONGXINYOUAIGUANZHAN。

GESHIBEIZHAI《WUBAILUOHANSI》,XUANZI《FUYUESANSHILIUJING》,JINHUI。MONAI1866NIANDEZUOPIN《SHENGADELEISIHUAYUANDEYANGTAI》JIUSHICANZHAOZHEFUZUOPINSUOZUO。

浮世繪就是江戶時代的平民時尚文化,貴族認為它難登大雅之堂。浮世繪大多是平民的玩物,很少有貴族收藏,更談不上是藝術品。

JINTIANWOMENBAGESHIBEIZHAI、GECHUANGUANGZHONGDENGRENCHENGWEIYISHUDASHI,DANGSHITAMENJIUSHIHUAPINGMINHUADEHUAGONG,HUAYIXIEXIAOKAPIAN。

WUSHIHEGUIZUYOUTAMENDEYUYONGHUASHI,TAMENSUOCHONGSHANGDESHIZHONGGUODESHUIMOHUA,YIJICONGTANGDAIYANBIANGUOLAIDEDAHEHUI,JIANGTAMENZHUANGSHIZAIGONGTINGDELAMENHUOSHIPINGFENGSHANG。

DAHEHUIDAIBIAOZUO,SHANSHUIPINGFENG,11~12SHIJIPINGANSHIDAIZUOPIN,JINGDOUGUOLIBOWUGUANZANG。

WEISHENMEPINGMINWENHUAHUICHUXIANZAIRIBENDEJIANGHUSHIDAI?

ZAIJIANGHUZHIQIAN,PINGMINHUANMEIYOUZIGEQUZHUIQIUZIJIDEJINGSHENSHENGHUO。ZHENGGERIBENLISHIFAZHANDAOJIANGHUSHIDAI,PINGMINWENHUACAIZHENZHENGFAZHANQILAI。

200DUONIANQIANDEJIANGHUSHIDAI,SHICHANGSHIQIMEIYOUZHANLUANDESHIDAI,MUFUDINGDOUZAIJIANGHU,JIANGHUDIQUPINGMINDEJINGJISHUIPINGDADAOHENDADETISHENGHEGAISHAN,WENBAOWENTIJIEJUEHOUJIUQUZHUIQIUJINGSHENSHENGHUO。

JINGSHENSHENGHUOWUWAIHULIANGGEFANGMIAN,YIFANGMIANSHIYANYIBIAOYAN,JIUXIANGSHIJINTIANDEDIANSHIJU、DIANYINGZHEZHONGGUANSHANGXINGDEZUOPIN;LINGYIFANGMIANJIUSHIDUICHUBANWUDEXUQIU,BIRUHUIBEN、XIAOSHUO、TUPIAN。ZAIJIANGHUSHIDAI,ZHELIANGFANGMIANDEPINGMINWENHUABIANFAZHANLEQILAI。

《JIANGHUSHIDAI》

BEIDAOZHENGYUAN ZHU,MIYANJUN YI

XINJINGDIAN·HUPO | XINXINGCHUBANSHE,2019-4

每一個浮世繪大師

都是春畫高手

FUSHIHUIZHONGDEMEIRENHUASHIZUISHOUHUANYINGDE。MEIRENHUADEZHUJIAO,JUEDABUFENDOUSHIHUAKUI,LAOBAIXINGMENHUABUQIDAQIANQUQINGHUAKUI,DANTAMENXIHUANKAN,SHANGRENMENCONGZHONGFAXIANLESHANGJI。

JIUXIANG20SHIJI80NIANDAISHIDEDIANYINGMINGXINGHUAPIAN、MEIRENTOUXIANG,LAOBAIXINGXIHUANZHEXIE,HUIJIAGUAZAIQIANGSHANG。YONGHUAKUILAIZUOMEIRENHUADENEIRONG,HUAKUIDEYIMING、TASUOZAIDEJIGUANDEMINGCHENGDOUXIEZAIHUASHANG。

XIZHAIYINGQUAN,DAWENZIWUNEI,BENJINJIANG,19SHIJI。

FUSHIHUILIZUIDUODETICAISHICHUNHUA。MEIYIGEFUSHIHUIDEHUASHIDOUSHICHUNHUADEDASHI,CHUNHUASHENZHIBIMEIRENHUAHUANSHOUHUANYING。

FUSHIHUIDECHUNTUHEZHONGGUODECHUNGONGHUABUYIYANG。RIBENDECHUNHUABUJIAOCHUNGONGHUA,TAMEIYOUZHEGE“GONG”ZI,TASHILAOBAIXINGKANDEDONGXI,BINGBUSHIGUIZUCAINENGYONGDEQI。RUOGUIZUYAOHUACHUNHUADEHUA,BUHUIYONGMUKEBANQUHUA,ERSHIYONGSHILAIMICHANGDEJUANZHOU,DANZHEHENSHAO。

DANGSHIDEMUFUDUICHUNHUAHUANSHICAIQUYIZHONGDAYADETAISHI,CHUNHUASHOUDAOXUDUOLAIZIMUFUDEXIANZHI,ZAISHICHANGSHANGBUNENGGONGKAIJIAOMAI,JIUXIANGJINTIANWOMENDAJIFEIFACHUBANWUYIYANG。

春畫在江戶時代也經歷過幾次打擊、禁止、查抄,但有需求就有市場,它轉入了地下。春畫并不是百分之百的違禁品,政府會開放一段時間再收緊一段時間,睜一只眼閉一只眼,官方也知道這些是禁不住的。

《FUNVRENXIANGSHIPIN》,XIDUOCHUANGE麿。

ZAIJINTIAN,RIBENDEZHANLANBUDAKENENGCHUXIANCHUNHUA,DANYINSHUAPIN、CHUBANWUDAOSHIKEYI,ZAISHUDIANHENFANGBIANJIUKEYIMAIDAOCHUNHUADEHUAJI。

RIBENFUSHIHUIDECHUNHUA,BINGBUXIANGZHONGGUOCHUNGONGTUNEIYANGCHUNCUIZHIYONGLAIBIAOXIANSEQING,SUIRANTABIAOXIANBIJIAOKUAZHANG,HUADEBIJIAOLUGU,SHENZHIYOUDIANBIANTAI。ZHEHERIBENDEMINZUXINGSHIYOUGUANXIDE。

“很變態”的畫面,其實是江戶時代民眾的樂天、開放性格的體現。浮世繪里不僅僅是色情的信息,而是給人傳遞不可思議的、超現實的感覺。大家看到這個畫面就會很開心,會哈哈一笑,因為現實不可能是這樣的。

《YEZHIMEI》,LINGMUCHUNXIN。

CHUNHUAGEIPINGMINBAIXINGDAILAIDESHIYIZHONGDOULE,SHIYIZHONGGAOXIAO,TONGGUOZHEYANGDEHUALAIXUNKAIXIN,YINCICHUNHUAYEBEICHENGWEIXIAOHUA。

RIBENDEMINZUXINGZHONG,DUIXINGDEHUATIHENKAIFANG,ZHIDAOJINTIANYESHIRUCI,TANDAOXINGTAMENYETAIRANZIRUO。RIBENDEMINZUXINGZHONGYEYOUHENDOULE、HENKAIFANGDEYIMIAN。KENENGWOMENPINGSHIKANDAODEXIANDAIRIBENREN,DOUHENBIGONGBIJING、HENJUJIN,DIANTOUHAYAO、BUGOUYANXIAO,ZHESHIHENBIAOMIANDEXIANXIANG。

GESHIBEIZHAIZUOPIN《HUANSHU》,MIAOHUILEYIXIEHENYOUYISIDEMINJIANJIYIHECHUANSHUO。

RUGUONIZAIRIBENYOUGUOCHANGQIDESHENGHUO,HERIBENPENGYOUYOUSHENRUDEJIAOWANG,JIUHUIFAXIANRIBENRENDELIANGMIANXINGFEICHANGMINGXIAN。ZAIGONGKAI、ZHENGSHIDECHANGHE,RIBENRENHUIBIAOXIANDEHENNEILIAN、JUJIN,DANSHIYIDAOJUJIUWULIHEJIU,JIUGUOSANXUN,TAMENJIUHUI“YUANXINGBILU”,BIANDESHENMEHUADOUKEYISHUOLE。

SUOYIKANFUSHIHUIDECHUNHUA,BUJINJINYAOKANDAOTASEQINGDEYIMIAN,HUANYAOKANDAOTAGAOXIAODEYIMIAN,CONGLIANGFANGMIANQULIJIECHUNHUA,CAISHIBIJIAOZHENGQUEDEDAKAIFANGSHI。

浮世繪的高峰

是喜多川歌麿的大頭照

WOZUIXIHUANDEFUSHIHUIHUASHISHIXIDUOCHUANGE麿,TADEHUANENGQUANMIANDIBIAOXIANCHURIBENMINZUDEPINGE。

XIDUOCHUANGE麿《DANGSHISANMEIREN》,1793NIAN,JINHUI。TONGGUOSANWEIMEIRENLIANXINGHESHENQINGDEXIWEICHABIE,GE麿FUYULETAMENDUTEDEXINGGE。

FUSHIHUIZUICHUCHUXIANDESHIHOURENWUDOUSHIQUANSHENXIANG,MEIRENHUAYESHIQUANSHENXIANG。WEISHENMESHIQUANSHENXIANGNI?YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEIQUANSHENXIANGGENGFANGBIANBIAOXIANHEFUTUANZHIMEI,ZAOQIDEMEIRENHUAJIUSHIWEILEBIAOXIANHEFUDEWENYANG。

LINGCHUANSHIXUAN《DICHANGZHIHOU》,1673-1681NIAN。

LINGYIFANGMIAN,YONGMUKEBANHUALAIBIAOXIANRENWUYOUYIDINGDENANDU,MUKEBANHUASHIJIANJIEZUOHUA,HENNANHUADEWEIMIAOWEIXIAO、SHENGDONG,SUZAOWEIMIAODERENWUBIAOQINGBUTAIRONGYI。HUASHIYAOHENLIUYIDAOFENGDEZOUXIANG,SHAOBULIUSHENRENWUDEXIANTIAOJIUHUIDUAN,SHENZHIKENENGBANZIJIUHUIFEIDIAO,YAOZHONGXINLAIGUO。

SUOYIZHEZHONGHUASHOUDAOHENDADEJUXIAN。NIHUIGUOTOULAIKANZHONGGUOWENMINGLIDEMUBANHUA,YEJISHAOYOUYIRENWUTOUXIANGWEIZHUDEMUBANHUA。

LINGMUCHUNXINZHEYIDAIHUASHIBAHEIBAIDEFUSHIHUIBIANCHENGCAISEDEFUSHIHUI,ZAIDAOHOULAINIAOJUQINGCHANGHUASHITASUZAOCHUTINGTINGYULIDEMEIRENHUADEXINGXIANG,ZAIWANGHOUTUIJINDEHUA,JIUYAOTUPOQUANSHENXIANGMEIRENHUALE。

FUSHIHUIZAOQIQUANSHENXIANGHUAZUO,LINGMUCHUNXIN《XILI(HUILI)》,JINHUI

ZHESHIXIDUOCHUANGE麿CHUXIANLE,TABAYONGZAIGEWUJIYANYUANSHENSHANGDEDASHOUHUI(SUOWEIDASHOUHUIJIUSHIDATOUXIANGDESHOUFA)YUNYONGZAIMEIRENHUASHANGMIAN。

BUJINSHIZAIFUSHIHUIZHONG,ZHEZHONGSHOUFAFANGZAIQUANSHIJIEZHONG,WULUNSHIMUBANHUANSHITONGBANDEBANHUA,DOUSHIGEMINGXINGDEGAOFENG。

XIDUOCHUANGE麿《ZIJIANQIRENHUAZHUANG NANBOWUABEI》,JINHUI

從神佛,到人本身

到成為社會的鏡子

在《洛中洛外圖屏風》出現之前,日本的美術畫更多是宗教畫,或者說是佛教畫,是神佛的世界。到了《洛中洛外圖屏風》的京都,日本美術的關注點慢慢轉向了平民生活。

LUOZHONGLUOWAITUJUAN。

HUANJUHUASHUO,JIUSHICONGSHENFODESHIJIEZOUXIANGXIANSHIRENJIAN,RIBENMEISHUDEGUANZHUDIANCONGTIANSHANGZHUANDAOLEDIXIA。DUIXIANSHISHENGHUODEGUANZHUHEBIAOXIAN,YUELAIYUECHENGWEINEIGESHIDAIDEHUASHIDEZHUTI。

FUSHIHUIZUIDUOJIUSHISANZHANGZHILIANZAIYIQIDEDAXIAO,KUANDUZUIKUANYEBUGUOQIBASHIGONGFEN,SUOYIBUTAINENGBIAOXIANHENDADECHANGMIAN,DINGDUOSHIZAIMOUYIGEZHUTIZHIXIA,BABUTONGDEZUHUA、HUAMIANHUIJUZAIYIQI。

NVRENMENDUIJINGSHUZHUANG、BANTANGZAIDISHANG,XIJIAOYA,JIANZHIJIA,SHANGYING,CHUXING,PANGRUOWUREN。

YEXUPUTONGRENJUEDEFUSHIHUIJIUSHIMEIRENHUA,YINWEITASHIFUSHIHUIZUIDADETICAIZHIYI,DANFUSHIHUIBAOLUOWANXIANG,ZHENGGEJIANGHUSHIDAIDEPINGMINSHENGHUODOUKEYIZAIFUSHIHUIZHONGYOUSUOBIAOXIAN。ERTONGDE、XIANGPUDEDENGDENG,GEFANGMIANDOUYOU,SHENZHIHUANYOUFENGJINGHUAHEHOULAIDEGUIGUAIHUA。

《JIYUANGEZI》,GESHIYINGWEI。

HOULAI,FUSHIHUISHENZHIYOULEZHENBIANSHIBIDESHEHUIGONGNENG。BIRUGECHUANGUOFANG,TAZAIFUSHIHUIDELISHISHANGSHIYIGEHENLINGLEIDEHUASHI。

鈴木春信、鳥居清長、喜多川歌麿等人,都是在正常的浮世繪道路上走,但歌川國芳的性格比較另類,膽子比較大,更開放。他所處的江戶時代已經到了幕府統治的末期,整個社會的思想會比較活躍,幕府的統治能力開始下降,不再像當初施行嚴厲管制。

ZANQIYUANJUANSHUYINGJIUYUANWEICHAOTU,GECHUANGUOFANG。

TONGSHI,LAIZIXIFANGDEWENHUAYINGXIANGYEYUELAIYUEDUO。CONGHELAN,HUOSHISHUOOUZHOUCHUANGUOLAIDEXIFANGRENWENZHUYISIXIANG,SHIDEPINGMINSIXIANGDEDAOMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGDEJIEFANG。SHIJISHANGYEKEYIYONGWOMENZHONGGUODELIZILAIKAN,JIUXIANG1980NIANQIANHOUZHONGGUOSHEHUIFASHENGJUDABIANHUAYIYANG,MUFUMOQIYESHIRUCI。

GECHUANGUOFANGKEYISHUOSHIPINGMINWENHUADEDAIYANREN,TATILAOBAIXINGQUFASHENG、BIAODA,YONGBIJIAOWEIWANDESHOUFA,BIAODADUIMUFUTONGZHIDEBUMAN。TABUNENGZHIJIEHUAMUFUJIANGJUN,BIJINGSHISIZUI,SUOYITAYONGYINYU,RANGLAOBAIXINGQUCAI、QUPINWEI,CONGERKANCHUQIZHONGDEAOMIAO。

GECHUANGUOFANG《XIANGMAWANGJIUCHENG》,CHONGMANGUAIDANHEFENGCI。1843-1845NIAN,JINHUI。

FUSHIHUIDEZHENBIANSHIBIYESHICONGZHESHIHOUKAISHI,HOULAIYUYANYULIE。MUFUDAOTAIHOU,MINGZHIWEIXINCHENGGONG,RIBENKAISHIJINRUMINGZHISHIDAI。

ERMINGZHITIANHUANGSHANGTAIHOU,FUSHIHUIZAIMEISHENMERENGUANLE,FENGCIHUAKAISHIDAXINGQIDAO。ZAOQIDEFUSHIHUISHIBUCUNZAIFENGCIHUAZHEYISHUOFADE,FENGCIHUASHISUIZHUSHIDAIDEFAZHANZHUJIANYANBIANCHULAIDE。

印象派畫家

從浮世繪里找到想要的東西

RIBENMINZUDECHUANTONGHUIHUA,SHIJISHANGHEZHONGGUOHUIHUASHIYIYANGDE,TAMEIYOUKONGJIANGAN。

XIANGWOMENDEGUDAISHANSHUIHUA,SUIRANYOUSANDIANTOUSHI,DANSHIHEXIFANGDEKONGJIANTOUSHISHILIANGGEGAINIAN,JIBENSHIPINGMIANDE,MEIYOUZONGSHENDEBIAOXIANSHOUFA——ZHELIANGGEGAINIANZAIMEISHUSHANGSHIFENZHONGYAO,ZHENGSHIHOULAIXIFANGXIANDAIYISHUSUOYAOZHUIQIUDEFANGXIANG。

FANGAOSUOHUIDE《TANGJILAODIE》,BEIJINGZHONGYOUXUDUOFUSHIHUIHUAZUO。

印象派想推翻、逃脫文藝復興以來建立的寫實繪畫傳統,尤其是照相機出現后,他們不滿足于跟在現實后面去畫肉眼能看見的景象。印象派的畫家覺得應該回歸繪畫本身,用線條和色彩來表達。

YINXIANGPAIDEHUAJIAJUEDE,HUABUBIYIWUYISHIBAKANDAODEDONGXIHUAXIALAI,ZHECONGSHIJIUSHIJIKAISHIJIUSHIZHAOXIANGJIDESHIQINGLE,MEIBIYAOZAIRANGHUAJIAQUZUOLE。

TAMENCONGFUSHIHUISHANGZHAODAOTAMENZHUIQIUDEDONGXI:PINGMIANDE、ZHUANGSHIDESECAIHEXIANTIAO,CONGERTUIJINXIFANGDEYISHUBIANGE。XIANDAIDEHUIHUAJIUSHIPINGMIANDE、ZHUANGSHIDE,MEIYOUZAIMOFANGXIANSHIKONGJIAN。

AIDEHUA·MANAI《ZUOLAXIANG》,BUMIANYOUHUA,1868NIAN。MANAIWEIZUOLAMIAOXIEDEXIAOXIANGSHENHOUYOUYIXIAOFUFUSHIHUIBANHUA,YUYOUBIANYISHUJIADEZAONIANZUOPIN《AOLINPIYA》BINGZHI,ZUOCEHUANLILEYISHANRIBENPINGFENG。

DAOJINTIAN,RUGUOWOMENSHUOYIFUHUASHIXIESHIDE,NEITAJIUSHUYUGUDIANSHOUFADEHUIHUA。XIANDAIHUIHUAQIANGDIAOSECAIHESEKUAIDEBIAOXIANSHOUFA,SHITONGGUOYINXIANGPAIDEHUAJIACONGFUSHIHUIDEFENGGEZHONGZHUANBIANGUOLAIDE,TAMENQIFALEHOULAIDEHUASHIHEXIANDAIDEHUIHUA。

ZUOTU:FANGAO《YUZHONGDAQIAO》;YOUTU:GECHUANGUANGZHONG《DAQIAOBAOYU》

FUSHIHUISHIMUKEBANHUA,MUKEBANHUADELAIZIZHONGGUO,RIBENRENBAMUKEBANHUAXUEGUOLAI,ZAIBARIBENMINZUDEGONGJIANGXINGRONGRUJINQU。RIBENMINZUSHIFUYOUGONGJIANGXINGDEMINZU,TAMENHENSHANYUDONGSHOUZHIZUO,DANBUSHANYUSIBIAN、GUINA、ZONGJIECHANSHENGSIXIANG。RENHEDONGXIDAOTAMENSHOUZHONGDOUHUIBEIGAIZHUANG、GAIZAO。

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“MENGHUIJIANGHU”ZHANLANXIANCHANG,WENCHUANGCHANPIN

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如果要用一個詞來形容浮世繪的氣質,那就是平民氣質。這是屬于老百姓自己的東西,而不是掛在墻上裝點空間或是給某些人去欣賞的藝術,它就是最親民、最貼近生活、最真實的。

FUSHIHUISHIPINGMINDEYISHU。TU/PUYUAN·YEZHIXUE,GECHUANGUANGZHONGHUI

XIANGGUAN:

與書相伴,一生未婚的人疫情期間,人與人之間的愛與聯結有沒有更加緊密?這個問題困擾著我們很久。的確,我們聽聞過很多溫馨故事,不少家庭常年聚少離多,隔離生活讓他們能重聚在一個屋檐下。但很多事實又給我們澆了冷水,比如疫情之年,世界各地節節飆升的離婚率數據。本期“讀刊”欄目想和大家聊一聊“新冠時期的愛與恨”:那些發生在隔離生活期間的、悲傷的、滑稽的、殘酷的、溫馨的故事……看看發生在世界各地的故事,也許能夠給我們內心提供一個答案。不同于往期,本期“讀刊”不去思考這些事件中的本質,分析其中的現象與邏輯,考察事件深遠的影響。事實上,并非所有事情都必須要如此大費..

陳嘉映:聊聊愛情與死亡陳嘉映被認為是“中國最可能接近哲學家稱呼的人”。上世紀八十年代,中國掀起了存在主義的熱潮,陳嘉映翻譯海德格爾的《存在與時間》,銷售近二十萬冊。知青時期便癡迷哲學的他,在北京大學西語系與哲學系求學七年后,又遠赴美國,于賓夕法尼亞州立大學獲得了哲學的博士學位。現任教于首都師范大學。本文為2017年12月23日狗子等為《法治周末》采訪,在訪談中陳嘉映老師談到了現代人的死亡觀、愛情觀與良好生活的定義。Q我們先來聊聊愛與死亡這兩個話題。這兩個命題應該是不對等的吧?是不是愛情、兩性關系比死亡更輕或者更不根本?陳嘉映:我不知道你是從哪個角度來比,從..

疫情中的上海,告訴你什么是現代城市后疫情時代,生活在什么城市最舒適?傳染病除了是一個醫學和流行病學問題,同時也是觀察一個地區的治理方式和社會文化的窗口。造成全球大流行的新冠病毒,不可避免地放大了不同地區的文化差異——不僅是國內與國外,也包括同一地區不同城市的差異。對疫情的不同處理方式,往往顯示了這些城市由歷史塑造出的不同性格。?作者 | 維舟?編輯 | 程遲新年方始,中國的南北兩大都市就都出現了零星疫情。作為國內最發達的兩個城市,它們都有著最好的防疫響應和精準防控機制,然而人們也發現,落實到細節上,京滬的防疫做法又有所不同。前幾天有飼養寵物者在微博上求助,由于..

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