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燕園往事:在廢園之上重建一座中國園林


更新日期:2021-02-03 14:39:27來源:網絡點擊:694929
mba培訓,mba備考,mba報考條件,情逢敵手,情陷撒哈拉,情陷曼哈頓

YANDAXIAOZHISHANGDEJIUYUANLINDELISHIZUIZAOKEYIZHUISUDAOMINGDAIMIWANZHONGDE“SHAOYUAN”。CONGHUANGJIAFEIYUANDAOXINXINXUEZIDEMENGXIANGZHIDI,BEIJINGDAXUEXIAOYUANDEQIANSHENJINGLILEZENYANGDEJIANZAOGUOCHENG?ZUOWEIZHONGGUOJINDAIJIANZHUSHISHANGDEGUANJIANJIANZHUSHIZHIYI,MAOFEIKAICHUANGDEYIQINGDAIGUANSHIJIANZHUZAOXINGJIEHEXIANDAIJISHUDE“SHIYINGXINGJIANZHU”YINGXIANGSHENYUAN。

原文作者丨[美] 大衛·D·吉爾默

摘編丨劉亞光

《CONGFEIYUANDAOYANYUAN》,TANGKEYANGZHU,GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE2021NIAN1YUEBAN。

1920NIAN11YUE12RI,JIUZAIZHENGSHIGOUMAI“MANZHOURENDEDICHAN”DEYIGEDUOYUEHOU,YINGGAOHOUDEZHIYAO,YANJINGDAXUEXIAOFANGYANQINGDENIUYUEJIANZHUSHIMAOFEIHEGAOHOUDE、SITAQIBOSHI(Dr.Stuckey)YIQITAKANLEYANJINGDAXUEXIAOZHI。

MAOFEIHEDANNASHIWUSUODEKANCHABAOGAOZHAIYAORUXIA:

……DICHANZAIBEIJINGXIBEI7YINGLIZHIWAI,QUYIHEYUANDEDALUBIAN,CONGBEIJINGSHIGUANQUQU30FENZHONGDEQICHE,YOUDALU,DISHIYOUXIXIANGDONGSHENGGAOZHIZHIDICHANDONGYAN,BAQI6YINGCHI,ZHEKUAIDIKEYIHENHAODIZHUANSHIYUMAOFEISHEJIDEDAXUE。DICHANZUICHUSHIYICHUMANZHOUGONGDIAN,HEYUANMINGYUANYITONGBEIYINGGUORENFENHUI——YUANMINGYUANZAIDONGBEIBUDAO1YINGLIYIWAI。

……ZHENGKUAIDICHANHANYOURENGONGXIAOSHAN,SHUIDAOHEDAOYU,YOUXILIUYOUXIZHURU,YUANTOUYUYUQUANSHANHEYIHEYUANDEXIANGTONG。JUDASHANSHUHESONGSHU、RENGONGYANXUEHESHIKUJIAQIANGLECICHUDEZIRANMEI,CONGDICHANDEZUIGAODIANKEYIKANJIANZHOUZAODEXIANGYEJINGSE。

ZONGTIZHUANGKUANG:ZUNGAOHOUDEXIANSHENGZHIZHU,WOMENDUIDICHANHEFUJINDIFANGDEZHUANGKUANGJINXINGLECEHUI,YEJINXINGLEDISHICEHUI,GUJIFUJINJIANZHUSHITOUDESHULIANG。YINWEIFUJINYOUXUDUOHUAGANGYANSHITOU,ZHUANGKUANGSHIZUMANZUJIANZHUXINFANGZIDEXUYAO。DISHICEHUIKENENGSHIZUIZHONGYAODE,YINWEIZHEDUILIYONGDIMIANSHANGBUGUIZEXINGDEZIRANYISHUDEQIANZHIZUIYOUHAOCHU,CONGERKEYIRANGJIANZHUSHIMAOFEIXIANSHENGZHUSHOUANPAITADEDAXUEJIANZHUDEQUNZU。

ZAIKANCHABAOGAOZHONG,FUYOUJIZUYINGNIUYUETUOSHIBUYAOQIUPAISHEDEZHAOPIAN,ZAIZHAOPIANHOU,MAOFEIBUJINJINMIAOSHULEMEIYIZHENZHAOPIANZHONGDEZHONGYAOJINGWU,HUANXIANGXIZHUMINGLETAMENPAISHEDEFANGWEI,YIBIANHECEHUITUJINXINGBIJIAO。ZHEXIEZHENGUIDEZHAOPIANPILULEYANYUANHANWEIRENZHIDE“ZUICHU”,ZAIYIXILIESHUYINGCUNJIANFANGDEHEIBAIZHAOPIANLI,ZHE“ZUICHU”MEIYOUBINFENDEYOUCAI,ZHIYOUGUANGMAODANDIAODEXIANGYEJINGSE,JUDADESONGSHUHEXIAOTUSHANDIANZHUIZAISHIYELIHUANHUANZHANKAIDEYIPIANPINGCHOUZHIZHONG。

MAOFEIHEDANNASHIWUSUODEKANCHABAOGAOZHONGSUOFUDEZHAOPIAN,JINTIANRENMENSUOSHUXIDEHUGUANGTAYING,JINGSHIYUANZIZHEYANGYIZUOFEIYUANZHISHANG。

MEIGUOFENGJINGSHIXUEJIAYUEHAN·B·JIEKEXUN(John B·Jackson)CENGJINGSHUOGUO,YAOLEJIEYIGECHANGSUO、YICHUCUNZHUANG、YIZUOCHENGZHENRUHEZUZHIZISHENDELUOJI,ZUIHAOSHIHUIDAOTADE“ZUICHU”,HUIDAONEIZHIYOUSHILAIGEREN、YILIANGCHUQISHENZHISUODEHONGHUANGZHICHU。

YIGEZUIZHONGMIANJIDADAOLIANGQIANYUMU,RONGNASHUQIANXUESHENGDEXIANDAIDAXUEXIAOYUAN,SHIZENYANGZAIYIZUOSIWANGWUREN、JINGJICONGSHENGDEFEIYUANSHANGBADIERQIDE?

1

燕園歷史:

最早可追溯到米萬鐘的“勺園”

YANDAXIAOZHISHANGDEJIUYUANLINDELISHIZUIZAOKEYIZHUISUDAOMINGDAIMIWANZHONG(1570—1628?)DE“SHAOYUAN”。ZUOWEIWANLINIANJIANZHUMINGDESHUFAJIA,MIWANZHONGYUDONGQICHANG、XINGDONG、ZHANGRUITUBINGCHENG“MINGMOSIDASHUJIA”,GENGYI“NANDONGBEIMI”DESHENGYUZHAOSHIZHUBEIFANGWENRENLINGXIUDESHENFEN。RANER,SHIYUNIANDENANFANGHUANYOUJINGLISIHUDUITAYINGXIANGZHISHEN,HUIDAOBEIFANGRENZHIZHIZHIQUSHIDEJINERSHINIANLI,TAZAIBEIJINGGONGLIUXIASANCHUYUANLINSHENGJI,SANYUANDEYINGZAODOUDUOSHAOXIANLUCHUTANANFANGSHENGHUOJINGYANDEYINHEN。YOUQISHISHAOYUAN,ZAIDANGSHIDEDIDOUBEIJINGSUYIJIANGNANFENGZHIWENMING,ZHEYIDIANZAIDUOZHONGMINGRENBIJIZHONGJUNYOUJIZAI。

LIRU,ZHEJIANGRENWANGSIRENZAI《MITAIPUJIACHUAN》ZHONGSHUO:“GONGZAIHAIDIANZUOSHAOYUAN,YINSHUIZHONGZHU,DASIWANGJIANGNAN。WANZUOMANYUAN,LINGJIANJIAZHIQU。RANXIWEIQUZHEZHANZHUANZHISHI,MENYIHUHUAN,KEZUBUDERU,JIRUYEBUJIEHECHU,KEFANGMENMI,GONGNAIKUAI。”YOU“MIJIAYUAN、MIJIATONG、MIJIADENG、MIJIASHI”BEILIEWEIDANGSHIDE“SIQI”,WEISHIRENSUOJINJINLEDAO。

HAOYIGE“KEFANGMENMI,GONGNAIKUAI”DEJIANGNANYUANLINFENGZHI——ZHEWEIXIHUANBAKERENZHETENGDEYUNTOUZHUANXIANGDEWANZHONGXIANSHENG“QUZHEZHANZHUAN”DEQINGHUAI,SIHUYU“BEIMI”DELEILUOXINGXIANGLVEYOUCHURU。BUGUOZHEZHONG“QUZHEZHANZHUAN”,YIJIDUI“YUAN、TONG、DENG、SHI”DEBINGJUYUPIHAO,QUEHEMINGMOWENRENSHENGHUOZHONGDEYIYANGQINGDIAOQIHE,YINZANGZHUMOUZHONG“JIANJIAZHIQU”ZHIWAIDEYIWEI。

SHAOYUANJIUJINGRUHESHIDEFANGZHE“MENMI”QIZHONG?RUJINZHINENGCONG《YANDOUYOULANZHI》YILEIDEWENZIZHONGXUNMILE:

SHAOYUANJINGYUEFENGYANLI,RUJINGLUANSHILEIKE,GAOLIUYINZHI。NANYOUPO,POSHANGQIAOYUEYINGYUN,JISUZIZHANSHU。XIAQIAOWEIPINGQIANG,QIANGSHANGSHIYUEQUEBANG,LEHUANGSHANGUSHU。ZHEERBEIWEIWENSHUIPO,KUASHUIYOUZHAIYUEDINGFANG,FANGXIGAOFUTIYUESONGFENGSHUIYUE,FUDUANWEIQIAOYUEWEIYILIANG,ZHURENSUOZISHUYE。YULIANGERBEIWEISHAOHAITANG,WUWENZHONGZHUAN。TANGQIANGUAISHIDUNYAN,GUAZISONGYIZHI。QIYOUWEIQULANG,YOUWURUFANG,YUETAIYIXIE,ZHOUZAOJIEBAILIANHUAYE。DONGNANJIEZHU,YOUBEIYUELINYUSHI。YOUGAOLOUYONGZHULINZHONGYUECUIBAOLOU,ZOUDIGUANGSHU。XIALOUBEIXINGWEICHAYADU,YIZHURENZISHU。YOUBEIWEISHUIXIE,ZUIHOUYITANG,BEICHUANGYITUO,ZEDAOQIQIANQING,BUFUYOULIAOYUANYAN。

KEYIXIANGXIANG,CONGRUYUANQI,YOUYUANZHEDESHIXIANBIANBUDUANWEIYOULUANSHI、GAOLIU、PINGQIANG、GAOFU、WEIQIANG、QULANG、LIANHUA、ZHULINSUOZUCHENGDEGEZHONG“ZHANGJING”SUOGUIFANHEYINDAO,NEIYEBIANSHIQINGCHUSUNCHENGZE《CHUNMINGMENGYULU》ZHONGSUOSHUODE“LUQIONGZEZHOU,ZHOUQIONGZELANG,GAOLIUYANZHI,YIWANGMIJI”。

YOUMAOFEIDETAKAN,WOMENZHIDAOZHENGGEYANDAXIAOYUANYEBUGUOGAOCHALIUYINGCHI,JIYIRENSHENGAO,CONGDICHANDEZUIGAODIANWANGQU,ZHOUZAOJINGSEBENYINGYILANWUYU,DANYILAIZHIWUPEIZHI、RENZAOTUSHANHEZHANGQIANGWEIPING,ZHEYOUXIANDEWULIKONGJIANQUEYINGZAOCHULEWEIYISHENQU、GAODIDIEDANGDEJIANGNANJINGZHI,YU“DAOQIQIANQING”DEBENDIFENGGUANGJIERANBUTONG。YIJUHOURENZHIXIANSHENGDEKAOJU,JIEHEZIYANDAJIAOSHOUHONGYEYILAIZHUWEIXUEZHEDEFUYUANTUICE,WOMENKEYIZHIDAO《YANDOUYOULANZHI》DEZUOZHESUNGUOMISUOMIAOXIEDESHAOYUANZHISHIYIGEBUDADEXIACHANGQUYU,DANTAJIZHONGLESHISUOYISHANGDEJIANZHUHEYOULUANSHI、HUBO、ZHULIN、LIANHUADENGZUCHENGDEZHONGDUOBUTONGDIXINGDIMAODEJINGDIAN。

LAIDELINSUOFUYUANDESHAOYUANXIANGXIANGTU(JUBU)。

DUIYUWEILAIDEYANYUAN,YIGEMEIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIXINMUZHONGCHONGJINGDE“ZHONGGUOSHI”XIAOYUANERYAN,SHAOYUANSUOZAIDEHAIDIANJIURIYUANLINGUZHIJINYUWANMEI——ZAIMEIYOUBIYINYUANZAOYUAN,“YUANZHONGYUAN”HUO“YUANWAIYUAN”GENGSHUNLICHENGZHANGDELE。

RANER,WOMENBUYINGWANGJIDESHI,ZAIYANJINGDAXUEKANCHAXIAOZHISHI,JIGEJINFABIYANDEYANGRENYANZHONGBINGMEIYOUSIHAOSIBAINIANQIANXIRIYUANLINDEHENJI,ZHENSHIDEJINGKUANGSHI,JINGGUOMIWANZHONGSHENHOUJINSIBAINIANDEYINGJIANHEHUIQI,SHAOYUANZAOYIWUJIKEXUNLE,TAZAOYIRONGRUYIMU“CUN”YU“YI”DEHUOJUZHONG,XIANGXINGYUWANGYANGZISIDEWENZIYUXIANGXIANG,WULIXIANSHIZHONGSUOSHENGXIADEJIJINYULING。

20SHIJI20NIANDAICHU,RENMENDUIQIANCHAODEYUANLINSHENGJINGHUANZONGSUANYOUSUOGANSHOU,NEIBIANSHICONG“MANZHOURENDEDICHAN”SHANGCANLIUDEDIXINGDIMAOZHONG,HUOXUHUANNENGFENBIANCHUYISIGUGUAIDE“ZIRANMEI”——DAIBIAOZHUDONGFANGSHIDE“BUGUIZEYISHU”。NEIXIE“RENGONGDEYANXUEHESHIKU”SHIMAOFEIXIANGQIDE,SHITALAIZHONGGUOZHIQIAN,ZAIJIALIFUNIYAZHOUTAIPINGYANGBOLANHUISHANGKANJIANDECHUKOUWAIXIAODEZHONGGUOFENGQING,HUANSHIYIBAIDUONIANQIANSHENGXINGYUOUZHOUDE“ZIRANFENGZHI”ZHONGDERENZAOFEIXU?DUITACIQIANYEYIWANCHENGDENEIHONGDASHEJITUJING,ZHE“BUGUIZE”DEZIRANMEIYOUYIWEIZHUSHENME?

ZAINEISHEJIZHONG,QIZHENGDE、BUKAOLVDIXINGERPUSHIYUYIQIEXIANGYEJIDIDEJIANZHUQUNZU,SHIBIMOPINGYIQIEKENGKENGWAWA、GOUGOUKANKAN,GAODADEJIANZHUTILIANGJIANGSHIDEAIXIAODEJIASHANXIANGXINGJIANCHU,ZHILIPOSUIDEXIAOHUJIANGBUDEBUBEITIANPING,WEIKEYIXINGSHIQICHEDEDALURANGDAO。ZAIZHESHENSHAOQIFUDEJIDISHANG,RUOXIANGYAOCHENGXIANYINGGUOSHIDEZIRANFENGZHI,BENYIYOUXIENANDU;RUOYAOJINERRONGHEZHONGGUOSHIDE“BUGUIZEYISHU”,ZESHINANSHANGJIANAN。

JULIQINGWANGCHAODEBENGKUIBUGUOSHINIAN,ZAOYUANZHEMENXINGDANGZAIZHONGGUOYIJINGYILUOQIANZHANG。ZONGRANJIDISHANGSUICHUKEJIANFEIYUANLILIUXIADEDASHI,XIANGZAIXIANQINGDAIDIESHANDEFENGCAIYEYIBUTAIKENENG。JIUXIANGYANJINGDAXUEHOULAIZAIDIAOCHABAOGAOZHONGTIJIDENEIBAN,ZAIJIBEIFANGHUANGJIAYUANLINZHIDACHENGDEBEIJING,TAMENSUONENGFAXIANDEDIESHIGONGJIANG,YEZHIYOUQUQULIANGGEERYI,ERQIEZHECHUNCUIYILAIDASHIXINDEHEGERENLAODONGDESHOUYI,SHOUFEIZHIGAOSHIRENQUEBU。

ZHEYIQIEMAOFEIYINGDANGXIANGGUO。

2

是中國園林,

還是“中國式”的校園?

CONG“FEIYUAN”DAO“YANYUAN”HUANYOUHENCHANGYIDUANLUYAOZOU。DANYOUJIXIANGBIAOMING,MAOFEIBINGBUSHIZHEDUANLUWEIWEITU——TABINGBUXIANGJINTIANDEJIANZHUSHIHEJIANZHUSHIJIAMENYIYANG,YOUZHUMOUZHONGNANYIGESHEDE“YINGXIANGDEJIAOLV”。

SUIRANFEIYUANDELISHIYUANYUANXIANERYIJIAN,DANNEISHIHOU,TAMENQUEWEIJIANDEDUIMAOFEIXINGCHENGDUOSHAOSHIZAIDEJIBAN。ZHEWEIMEILAIGUOJICIZHONGGUODEMEIGUOJIANZHUSHI,ZAICIQIANYIJINGXIANSHUDIZAOQISISUO“ZHONGGUOSHI”DAXUELE——BUGUANZHE“ZHONGGUOSHI”SHIFOUZHENDEJINGDEQITUIQIAO,ZHONGYAODESHI,TAMENDEDAOLETADEZHUGUDERENKE。JIANZHUSHIBINGBUZONGXIANGLISHIXUEJIAYIYANG,DUISHISHIDEZHUNQUEXINGHUAIYOUYIZHONGDAODEGANDEQIANXI。

DUIMAOFEIERYAN——YEDUIYUWEILAIDEYANDAJIANSHEZHEERYAN,JIDISHANGDE“ZIRAN”ZHUANGKUANGJINJINYIWEIZHU“TUOSHOUKEDEDEJIANZHUCAILIAO”HEYINGXIANGSHIGONGTIAOJIANDESHIJIYINSU。ZHIYUSHIFOUJIANZAOYIGEZHONGGUOSHIDEYUANLINHUANJING,KONGPABINGBUZAIMAOFEIDEYOUXIANKAOLIANGZHIZHONG,CONGYANDAXIAOFANG1922NIANQIANMANGYUGEZHONGSHIJISHIWUDEZHUANGKUANGPANDUAN,KONGPADANGSHILIANZHEGE“YANYUAN”DEYINGZIDOUMEIYOU。

ZHONGGUOYUANLINHUANSHI“ZHONGGUOSHI”DEXIAOYUAN?SHI“ZIRAN、RUHUA”HUANSHI“YINDIZHIYI”?

ZAIGEZHONGSHIJIKUNNANJIUGEFENLUANDE“ZUICHU”,ZHEXIEBUDUICHENGDEZUHESIHUSHIFENGGESHIZHONGNANYIDAKAIDESIJIE,DANSHI,RENHEXUANZEDOUBUHUISHIJUEDUIDEOURAN。FEIYUANSUOZAIDEJIDISHIJIANGNANYANGSHIJIUYUANLINDESHENGDI,HUGUANGTAYINGZUIZHONGCONGDUOZHONGKENENGXINGZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,ZHEYIQIEBINGFEIMEIYOUYINYUEDEMOLUOKEYISUOYIN。ZHEXIEMOLUOBINGBUYIDINGDAOXIANGXIRIYUANLINDELISHIYINGXIANG,QUEHELINGYIZHONG“ZIRAN”DEDASHIMIQIEXIANGGUAN。

JINTIAN,HAIDIANSHIHAOCHENG“ZHONGGUOGUIGU”DEZHONGGUANCUNHEGAOXIAOQUDESUOZAI,GAOLOUMIBU,SHANGYEFANHUA,HEBEIJINGZHONGXINQUJIHUBUFENXUANZHI,DANSHUSHINIANQIAN,NAPASANSHINIANQIAN,ZHEFUDOUSHITUJINGDOUJIERANBUTONG——ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,ZAIBEIJINGCHENGSHITUPOCHENGQIANGDESHUFU、DAGUIMODIXIANGWAIKUOZHANGZHIQIAN,HAIDIANZHENJIHUSHIBEIJINGXIBEIJIAO,NAIZHIBEIJINGJIAOWAI,WEIYIFAZHANWEIDULIJULUODEDAGUIMOSHIZHEN,ERTADESIZHOUJUNSHIXIANGYENONGTIAN,HEJINTIANCHEMARULONGDEFANHUAJINGXIANGJIERANBUTONG。

ZAIBEIJINGXIJIAODEDIXINGTUSHANG,YOUYITIAOYOUQUDEWUSHIMIDENGGAOXIAN,TASUOBIAOSHIDE“BAGOUDIDI”HEZHOUWEIDIXINGDELUOCHA,SHIDEYUQUANSHAN—WANQUANZHUANGSHUIXIBUSHIXIANGBEIJINGDIQUDEDADUOSHUHELIUYIYANGLIUXIANGDONGNAN,ERSHIZAIZHEYIDIQUJURANZHEXIANGDONGBEI。HEDAOHEQUANYUANDECHANGNIANLIUJING,JIANGWUSHIMIDENGGAOXIANYIBEIDEDIMIANQINSHIDEYUEFADIWA,SHUILIUZHOUZHUAN,BIANXINGCHENGLEYIGEBANYUANXINGDECHENGSHUIPENDI。ERJINLINPENDI、BUSHOUDISHIBEISHIZHILEI、DISHIGAOSONGDE“HAIDIANTAIDI”,XIANGYINGCHENGWEILIXIANGDENONGYEJULUOSUOZAI。

YANZHUTAIDIHESHIDIBIANYUANFAZHANDENONGYEKENZHI,XINGCHENGLEZUIZAODEBEIJINGXIJIAOYUANLINDEJICHU:

HAIDIANZHENGBEIYIJIXIBEIYIDAI,DISHIDIXIA,SHIJIURIYUANLINSANBUDEQUYU。XIANZAIYANJINGDAXUEXINANYIYUYUHAIDIANBEIBUHUXIANGPILIANDEDIFANG,ZHENGSHIJIURIYUANLINZHONGKAIPIZUIZAODEYIBUFEN。JINGYIGONGLUCONGDONGNANERXIBEI,XIEGUANHAIDIANZHENDEZHONGXIN。FANSHIJINGYOUZHETIAOGONGLUXIANGBEILAIDE,YICHUHAIDIANZHEN……JIJIANDIXINGTURANXIAJIANG,RUZAIFUDI,TIANCHENGCUOLIE,XILIUYINGHUI,DUNCHENGJIANGNANQIXIANG。SHULIYIWAIYOUWANSHOUSHAN、YUQUANSHANPINGDIFUQI,QIHOUGENGYOUXISHANWANYAN,RUPINGRUZHANG。NANBEIYIZHENZHIGE,DILIJINGGUAN,JIONGRANBUTONG。

20SHIJIZAOQI,RENMENKANDAODEZHEXIE“TIANCHENGCUOLIE,XILIUYINGHUI”,JUYOUJIANGNANQIXIANGDESHIDIFENGMAO,TONGSHIYESHISIBAINIANYILAIMIWANZHONGMENYINGJIAN“HAIDIAN”DEJIEGUO。HAIDIAN,GUMINGSIYI,YUANSHIDAXINGDENEILUHUBO,ZHEYICHENGHUTONGXINGYUZHONGGUSHIDAIDEZHONGGUO。ERMIWANZHONGDESHAOYUANJIYUANZHONG“SHAOHAI”,YEQUZI“QUHAISHUIYISHAO”DEYUYI,DANGSHIYIPIANWANGYANGDEJINGXIANGKEYIXIANGJIAN。RANERCONGYUANMINGLIANGDAIKAISHI,YOUYUHAIDIANJULUO(DAZHIDENGYU52.5MIDENGGAOXIAN)DEXINGQI,“DAOQIQIANQING”DEJINGXIANGBEIHOUSHIGUODUKENZHI,YUANXIANGUANGKUODEHUBOMIANJIXIANZHUJIANXIAO,XINGCHENGLEYIGEGEDAXIAOBUDENGDEYANSHENGHUBO,YOUCICHANSHENGDEDIMAODAOSHIYUJIANGNANDIQUFEICHANGJIEJIN。《DIJINGJINGWULVE》YOUWENWEIZHENG:

SHUISUOJUYUEDIAN。GAOLIANGQIAOXIBEISHILI,PINGDICHUQUANYAN,BIAOBIAOSIQU,ZHONGZHONGCAOMUZEZHI,DONGDONGPANZHEYICANWU,WEISHIYUDIANZHU。BEIYUEBEIHAIDIAN,NANYUENANHAIDIAN。HUOYUE:BAGOUSHUIYE。SHUITIANGUICHE,GOUCHENGCECE,YUANSHULVYIQINGQING,YUANFENGWUWENERYOUSE。

BUJINZHEYIDAIDEZIRANJINGXIANGPINFANDIBEIBIZUOJIANGNANFENGGUANG,LIANDIMINGYEDAISHANGLESHIRENXIAXIANGDEHENJI。

XINCIQILUDAIQIANTU,SHILICAOSHENGCHUNBUGU。

YIWOYOUXIANGMICHUSUO,ZUOKANYUQICHUXIHU。

ZHEXIEDEJIANGSHANZHIZHUDEWENXINHUAJING,BUJINJINSHISHIRENXINXUDELIULU,TAMENSUOJILUDEJINGHAIDIANWANGXISHANYIDAIDEXIRANGKELIUHETIANYUANFENGGUANG,TONGSHIYESHIBEIJINGCHENGSHIFAZHANDELISHIJIANZHENG。ZICONGNVZHENRENDEJINCHAOZAIBEIJINGDIQUDIYICIJIANDOUYILAI,XIBEIJIAODEZHONGYAOJIUBUJINJINTIXIANZAITADEFENGGUANG,YETIXIANZAIZIRANZIYUANDUIYUDOUCHENGDEZHANLVEYIYISHANG。HAIDIANTAIDIZUDUANLEXISHANGAOSONGDEDISHIXIANGBEIJINGDEZIRANJIANGLUO,BULIYUCHENGNEIHUODESHENGHUOYONGSHUI,WEINIUZHUANYUQUANSHANSHUIXIDONGBEILIUXIANGDEQUSHI,CAIYOULEKUNMINGHUDONGDEDIFANGHEQINGLONGQIAODEJIELIUSHUIZHA,YIJIZAIWANSHOUSIQIANKAIZAO、XIANGDONGNANLIURUBEIJINGCHENGDERENGONGSHUIDAOCHANGHE。

3

海淀臺地的北緣:

皇家和庶民的分野

ZHEYI“DU”YI“FEN”,BIANSHIDEGUHUBOHAIDIANYUFASUOXIAO,BUJINFENGGUANGXIUMEI,ERQIEGENGBIANYURENJU。ZHEYANGDEXINGSHENGZHICHU,LIDAIDEWANGGONGGUIZHOU、XIANHEZHIJIAZIDANGXIANJUYAOJIN,XIJIAOYUANLINDEKAIPICONGCIWEICENGTINGZHI:CONGMINGDAIHUANGQINLIWEIGUIMOHONGDADEQINGHUAYUAN,ZHIZHIYIHUPIQIANGWEIQIZHENGGEKUNMINGHUDEYIHEYUAN(QINGYIYUAN),CONG“ZHIQUYIPIAOYIN”DEMIWANZHONGDESHAOYUAN,DAO“YITIANSUODIZAIJUNHUAI”DE“WANYUANZHIYUAN”YUANMINGYUAN,BUYIERZU。

ZHEXIEYUANJUZHEHUOFANGKEZISHENBINGBUCONGSHINONGYESHENGCHAN,YINSHISHENGHUODOUYANGFUJINJUJUDENONGMINJIUJINGONGGEI,HAIDIANYIDAIDENONGYEKENZHIYOUCICHIXUFAZHAN,HAIDIANZHENDESHANGYEXINGSHENGZIBUBISHUO,YOUQINGYIDAI,HAIDIANYIZHISHIJINGXIZHUMINGDEDAOMICHANQU。ZHIDAOZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLICHUQI,ZAIYANJINGDAXUE—BEIJINGDAXUEDEXIYUANQIANGWAIDOUKEYIKANDEJIANYIWANGWUJIDESHUITIAN。

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BEIDAXIAOYUANNEIDELANGRUNYUANYIDUYOUZHUWANRUJIANGNANDEJINGZHI。ZUOZHESHEYU1997NIAN。

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4

海淀鎮的黃金時代,

在圓明園的一炬中灰飛煙滅

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XIANGGUAN:

故宮里的“寶貝日記”:誰來記錄?有什么用?本 文 約 2090 字閱 讀 需 要 6 min誰為故宮寫下了無數“寶貝日記”1860年,英法聯軍攻入北京,侵略者大搖大擺地來到圓明園和頤和園,肆無忌憚地把寶貝全都搬回了自己家。 經過英法聯軍的洗劫之后,原本氣勢恢宏的皇家園林變得滿目瘡痍。 光頤和園的樂壽堂就有幾千件文物被破壞或丟失,剩下的只有一只四條腿的銅爐和一個盤子。那么,人們是如何知道樂壽堂丟失了多少寶貝的呢?原來,有一本叫作《樂壽堂陳設清冊》的冊子清楚地記錄了樂壽堂原本有哪些擺設和收藏品,人們查看冊子上的資料便知道哪些東西丟了,而這本冊子的作者便是內務府的大臣們。內務府不但要..

燕園往事:在廢園之上重建一座中國園林燕大校址上的舊園林的歷史最早可以追溯到明代米萬鐘的“勺園”。從皇家廢園到莘莘學子的夢想之地,北京大學校園的前身經歷了怎樣的建造過程?作為中國近代建筑史上的關鍵建筑師之一,茂飛開創的以清代官式建筑造型結合現代技術的“適應性建筑”影響深遠。原文作者丨[美] 大衛·D·吉爾默摘編丨劉亞光《從廢園到燕園》,唐克揚著,廣西師范大學出版社2021年1月版。1920年11月12日,就在正式購買“滿洲人的地產”的一個多月后,應高厚德之邀,燕京大學校方延請的紐約建筑師茂飛和高厚德、斯塔奇博士(Dr.Stuckey)一起踏勘了燕京大學校址。茂飛和丹納事務所的勘察報告摘要..

王安憶:讀阿加莎單純就是享受《華麗家族》一、阿加莎·克里斯蒂我讀阿加莎·克里斯蒂的小說,感受相當單純,那就是“享受”。你可以放棄意義的追尋,徑直進入故事。她不會讓你失望,一定會有神秘的死亡發生,然后,懸疑一定有答案。好比波洛在他的事務所里等待案件,而終會有案件找上門來。你不必去推敲,難道真的會有如此多的謀殺案件?因為這是與現實無關的,你早已經卸下現實批判的武器,身心輕松,只等著聽故事。可是,事后要細究起來,卻發現故事中的人,分明又是生活中的面目,情節也是根據日常的情理,是你我他全能了解的。反倒是那企圖超出共識的現實,比如少數幾部間諜故事,震驚的效果比較..

相關熱詞搜索:mba培訓,mba備考,mba報考條件,情逢敵手,情陷撒哈拉,情陷曼哈頓

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