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日本浮世繪,不僅僅是春宮美人


更新日期:2021-02-03 14:39:39來源:網絡點擊:694931
mba報考條件,mba排名,mba提前批面試,情陷曼哈頓,情難自制,情非得已的意思

FUSHIHUISHIRIBENDEMINGPIANZHIYI,BULUNNISHIFOUSHUXIRIBENWENHUA,YIDINGDUINEIFU《SHENNAICHUANCHONGLANGLI》YOUYINXIANG——TACHUXIANZAIZHUANGSHIHUAZHONG,CHUXIANZAIWENCHUANGYONGPINLI,CHUXIANZAIYISHISHANG。

RUJIN,YAOXINSHANGJINGPINDERIBENFUSHIHUI,ZHINENGZAIHUALANGLIHEZHANLANZHONG,DANFUSHIHUIQISHISHICHUNCUIDE“PINGMINYISHU”。

FUSHIHUISHIGUDAIZHONGGUOHUIHUAZAIBEIRIBENGAIZAOZHIHOUDECHANWU,TATIXIANLERIBENRENSHIYONGDEGONGJIANGJINGSHEN。ZAIDAHANGHAISHIDAIKAIQIHOU,RIBENBEIJUANRUSHIJIETIXI,FUSHIHUIYECHUANRUOUZHOU,BINGQIEYINGXIANGLEYIZHONGYIZAIBAITUOXIESHICHUANTONGDEYINXIANGPAIHUAJIA。

WOMENCAIFANGLESHANGHAIMEISHUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU、《FUSHIHUI》ZUOZHEPANLILAOSHI,RANGTADAIWOMENKANKAN,YIFUXIAOXIAODEFUSHIHUILI,SHIZENYANGYIBUJINGCAIDERIBENWENHUASHI。

?作者 | Felicia

?編輯 | 程遲

YISHUSHISHECHIPIN,SHISHANGLIUJIEJIDEWENHUA,ZHISHAOYESHISHUYUZHONGCHANDE——DANG2021NIANDERENZOUJINBOWUGUAN、MEISHUGUANDESHIHOU,DADUOSHUGUANZHONGBAOZHUYIZHONGZHANYANGDEXINTAIQUGUANMOGAOGAOZAISHANGDEYISHU。

WULUNSHIGUXILA、LUOMA,HUANSHIGUZHONGGUO,ZHIJINNENGLIUCUNXIALAI、BEIYOUYISHIBAOHUDEYISHU,DADUODOUSHIGUIZUWENHUADEYICHAN。ZHIDAOJINXIANDAI,XIFANGGONGYEGEMINGWEIPINGMINJIECENGDEHUAYUQUANKAILEYIDAOKOUZI,YUELAIYUEDUOYISHUJIAKAISHICHUMOSHUYUPINGMINDEYISHU。

ZAIDONGYA,FUSHIHUISHIYIZHONGSHANGUANGDESHIDAICHANWU。TAYIJIUSHUYUDONGYAFENGJIANSHEHUI,DANTASHIPINGMINWENHUADEJINGSUI,QIEBEILISHILIUCUNLEXIALAI。

2020NIAN,BEIJING、SHANGHAI、SHENZHENDOUBUYUEERTONGDIJUBANLEFUSHIHUIZHANLAN,WOMENQUSHANGHAIKANLEPANLICEZHANDE“MENGHUIJIANGHU——FUSHIHUIYISHUDAZHAN”。PANLIYESHI《FUSHIHUI》DEZUOZHE。

浮世繪有特別有趣的三份氣質:它是平民的藝術,它是關注女性的藝術,同時,它以多元的生命力,囊括了日本的風景、日本的性格,甚至是日本社會的圖景。

《FUSHIHUI》,PANLIZHU

PURUIWENHUA | HUNANMEISHUCHUBANSHE,2020-11

FUSHIHUISHIYIMIANJINGZI。

《FUSHIHUI》TOUYIHUICHUBAN,SHIZAISHIERNIANQIAN。PANLILAOSHIZIJISHUO,ZHENGSHIZAIZHEBANIANJIAN,TACAIBUDUANDIZHENZHENGSHENRU、MINGBAIFUSHIHUI。CISHUJINGBANIANZAIYIFANZHENGXIU,CONGYIBENBOSHISHIQIDEXUESHUYANJIUZUOPIN,BIANDEGENGJIA“PINGMINHUA”,GENGJIASHIHEDAZHONGYUEDU。

WOMENWENPANLILAOSHI,NINJUEDEFUSHIHUIZUIZHUYAODEQIZHISHISHENME?TASHUO,SHITADEPINGMINQIZHI。

RUGUOWOMENYAOQULEJIEZHEZHONGPINGMINWENHUAZAIHEZHONGQIMINZHIXIAFAYUYIJISANBO,DEHUIDAO200NIANQIANDEYIGEDIFANG——RUJINDEDONGJINGQIANCAO。

SUIZHUCHENGSHIDEKUOZHANG,QIANCAOYIJINGSHIDONGJINGDEZHONGYAOSHANGQUAN,CUNJINCUNTUZHIDI。ZHEERZHENGSHIJIANGHUPINGMINWENHUADEDANSHENGDI。

YIXIAYOUPANLILAOSHIJIANGSHU。

吉原,紅燈區

江戶平民文化的沙龍

“JIYUAN”ZHEGEGAINIANDUIZHONGGUODEDUZHELAISHUOKENENGBIJIAOMOSHENG,TASHUYUJIANGHUDEPINGMINQU,YEKEYISHUOSHIHONGDENGQU、SEQINGQU。

浮世繪不是泛泛的美人畫,背后有著江戶平民文化的豐富內涵。江戶平民文化的起源,或者說最集中平民意識的沙龍,就在吉原。吉原雖說是一個色情區,但它又不是一個純粹的色情區。

“MENGHUIJIANGHU”ZHANLANXIANCHANG,TUWEIXIDUOCHUANGE麿DEMEIRENHUI

BAITIANDEJIYUANJIUXIANGGUANMIANTANGHUANGDEWENYISHALONG,YOUQINQISHUHUA,YEYOUCAIYIBIAOYAN,BAOKUOCHADAO、SHUHUA、FUZHUANG、GEZHONGCHUILADANCHANG,SHENZHINVXINGDEZUIXINKUANHEFUDEYANGSHI、MIANLIAO、FAXINGDENGDENG,DOUHUIZAIZHEERHUXIANGPANBI、JIAOLIU,YINCIBAITIANDEJIYUANSHIBUCONGSHISEQINGSHENGYIDE。

SEQINGJIAOYICONGBANGWAN6DIANZHONGKAISHI,ZHIDAODIERTIANZAOCHEN6DIAN。JIYUANYOUHENGUIJUDEGUANLI。ZAIDANGSHIMUFUZHENGQUANDEGUANZHIZHIXIA,WUSHIJIECENGYOUZHUHENDUODEQINGGUIJIELV,YAOLINGXINGJINZHI,YIBAOCHIZHUWUSHIDETIMIAN。

GECHUANGUANGZHONG,MINGSUOJIANGHUBAIJING, QIANCAOJINLONGSHAN,1857NIAN。

JIYUANYERUCI,SEQINGSHENGYIZHINENGZAIBANGWAN6DIANDAODIERTIANZAOCHEN6DIANJINXING,BAITIANJIUSHIPINGMINDEYOULEQU,YOUCIZISHENGXINGXINGSESEDEJIANGHUPINGMINWENHUA。

YIBANDELAOBAIXINGMEIYOUQIANQUQINGHUAKUI,YINCIBAITIANJIUDAOJIYUANLAIKANGERENAO。BAITIANJINRUJIYUANBUXUYAOMENPIAO,CANJIAWENYIHUODONGSHIMIANFEIDE,YINCIJIYUANDEBAITIANSHIPINGMINDETIANXIA,ERDAOLEWANSHANG,BIJIAODUOWUSHI、SHANGREN、GUIZULAIGUANGGUJIYUAN。

JIYUANZUICHUSHIZAIDONGJINGQIANCAOSIDEHOUMIAN,XIANRUJINDEQIANCAOSISUIZHUDONGJINGDOUQUANDEKUOZHANG,YIJINGZAIBIJIAOZHONGXINDEWEIZHI,CHENGZUODITIEDONGJINGYINZUOXIANXIANDOUNENGDAODA,DANZAIJIANGHUSHIDAI,JIYUANSHIHENPIANYUANDEDIFANG。MUFUYOUYIJIANGSEQINGQUJIANZAICHENGSHIDEBIANSHANG,BUZAISHIZHONGXINYOUAIGUANZHAN。

GESHIBEIZHAI《WUBAILUOHANSI》,XUANZI《FUYUESANSHILIUJING》,JINHUI。MONAI1866NIANDEZUOPIN《SHENGADELEISIHUAYUANDEYANGTAI》JIUSHICANZHAOZHEFUZUOPINSUOZUO。

浮世繪就是江戶時代的平民時尚文化,貴族認為它難登大雅之堂。浮世繪大多是平民的玩物,很少有貴族收藏,更談不上是藝術品。

JINTIANWOMENBAGESHIBEIZHAI、GECHUANGUANGZHONGDENGRENCHENGWEIYISHUDASHI,DANGSHITAMENJIUSHIHUAPINGMINHUADEHUAGONG,HUAYIXIEXIAOKAPIAN。

WUSHIHEGUIZUYOUTAMENDEYUYONGHUASHI,TAMENSUOCHONGSHANGDESHIZHONGGUODESHUIMOHUA,YIJICONGTANGDAIYANBIANGUOLAIDEDAHEHUI,JIANGTAMENZHUANGSHIZAIGONGTINGDELAMENHUOSHIPINGFENGSHANG。

DAHEHUIDAIBIAOZUO,SHANSHUIPINGFENG,11~12SHIJIPINGANSHIDAIZUOPIN,JINGDOUGUOLIBOWUGUANZANG。

WEISHENMEPINGMINWENHUAHUICHUXIANZAIRIBENDEJIANGHUSHIDAI?

ZAIJIANGHUZHIQIAN,PINGMINHUANMEIYOUZIGEQUZHUIQIUZIJIDEJINGSHENSHENGHUO。ZHENGGERIBENLISHIFAZHANDAOJIANGHUSHIDAI,PINGMINWENHUACAIZHENZHENGFAZHANQILAI。

200DUONIANQIANDEJIANGHUSHIDAI,SHICHANGSHIQIMEIYOUZHANLUANDESHIDAI,MUFUDINGDOUZAIJIANGHU,JIANGHUDIQUPINGMINDEJINGJISHUIPINGDADAOHENDADETISHENGHEGAISHAN,WENBAOWENTIJIEJUEHOUJIUQUZHUIQIUJINGSHENSHENGHUO。

JINGSHENSHENGHUOWUWAIHULIANGGEFANGMIAN,YIFANGMIANSHIYANYIBIAOYAN,JIUXIANGSHIJINTIANDEDIANSHIJU、DIANYINGZHEZHONGGUANSHANGXINGDEZUOPIN;LINGYIFANGMIANJIUSHIDUICHUBANWUDEXUQIU,BIRUHUIBEN、XIAOSHUO、TUPIAN。ZAIJIANGHUSHIDAI,ZHELIANGFANGMIANDEPINGMINWENHUABIANFAZHANLEQILAI。

《JIANGHUSHIDAI》

BEIDAOZHENGYUAN ZHU,MIYANJUN YI

XINJINGDIAN·HUPO | XINXINGCHUBANSHE,2019-4

每一個浮世繪大師

都是春畫高手

FUSHIHUIZHONGDEMEIRENHUASHIZUISHOUHUANYINGDE。MEIRENHUADEZHUJIAO,JUEDABUFENDOUSHIHUAKUI,LAOBAIXINGMENHUABUQIDAQIANQUQINGHUAKUI,DANTAMENXIHUANKAN,SHANGRENMENCONGZHONGFAXIANLESHANGJI。

JIUXIANG20SHIJI80NIANDAISHIDEDIANYINGMINGXINGHUAPIAN、MEIRENTOUXIANG,LAOBAIXINGXIHUANZHEXIE,HUIJIAGUAZAIQIANGSHANG。YONGHUAKUILAIZUOMEIRENHUADENEIRONG,HUAKUIDEYIMING、TASUOZAIDEJIGUANDEMINGCHENGDOUXIEZAIHUASHANG。

XIZHAIYINGQUAN,DAWENZIWUNEI,BENJINJIANG,19SHIJI。

FUSHIHUILIZUIDUODETICAISHICHUNHUA。MEIYIGEFUSHIHUIDEHUASHIDOUSHICHUNHUADEDASHI,CHUNHUASHENZHIBIMEIRENHUAHUANSHOUHUANYING。

FUSHIHUIDECHUNTUHEZHONGGUODECHUNGONGHUABUYIYANG。RIBENDECHUNHUABUJIAOCHUNGONGHUA,TAMEIYOUZHEGE“GONG”ZI,TASHILAOBAIXINGKANDEDONGXI,BINGBUSHIGUIZUCAINENGYONGDEQI。RUOGUIZUYAOHUACHUNHUADEHUA,BUHUIYONGMUKEBANQUHUA,ERSHIYONGSHILAIMICHANGDEJUANZHOU,DANZHEHENSHAO。

DANGSHIDEMUFUDUICHUNHUAHUANSHICAIQUYIZHONGDAYADETAISHI,CHUNHUASHOUDAOXUDUOLAIZIMUFUDEXIANZHI,ZAISHICHANGSHANGBUNENGGONGKAIJIAOMAI,JIUXIANGJINTIANWOMENDAJIFEIFACHUBANWUYIYANG。

春畫在江戶時代也經歷過幾次打擊、禁止、查抄,但有需求就有市場,它轉入了地下。春畫并不是百分之百的違禁品,政府會開放一段時間再收緊一段時間,睜一只眼閉一只眼,官方也知道這些是禁不住的。

《FUNVRENXIANGSHIPIN》,XIDUOCHUANGE麿。

ZAIJINTIAN,RIBENDEZHANLANBUDAKENENGCHUXIANCHUNHUA,DANYINSHUAPIN、CHUBANWUDAOSHIKEYI,ZAISHUDIANHENFANGBIANJIUKEYIMAIDAOCHUNHUADEHUAJI。

RIBENFUSHIHUIDECHUNHUA,BINGBUXIANGZHONGGUOCHUNGONGTUNEIYANGCHUNCUIZHIYONGLAIBIAOXIANSEQING,SUIRANTABIAOXIANBIJIAOKUAZHANG,HUADEBIJIAOLUGU,SHENZHIYOUDIANBIANTAI。ZHEHERIBENDEMINZUXINGSHIYOUGUANXIDE。

“很變態”的畫面,其實是江戶時代民眾的樂天、開放性格的體現。浮世繪里不僅僅是色情的信息,而是給人傳遞不可思議的、超現實的感覺。大家看到這個畫面就會很開心,會哈哈一笑,因為現實不可能是這樣的。

《YEZHIMEI》,LINGMUCHUNXIN。

CHUNHUAGEIPINGMINBAIXINGDAILAIDESHIYIZHONGDOULE,SHIYIZHONGGAOXIAO,TONGGUOZHEYANGDEHUALAIXUNKAIXIN,YINCICHUNHUAYEBEICHENGWEIXIAOHUA。

RIBENDEMINZUXINGZHONG,DUIXINGDEHUATIHENKAIFANG,ZHIDAOJINTIANYESHIRUCI,TANDAOXINGTAMENYETAIRANZIRUO。RIBENDEMINZUXINGZHONGYEYOUHENDOULE、HENKAIFANGDEYIMIAN。KENENGWOMENPINGSHIKANDAODEXIANDAIRIBENREN,DOUHENBIGONGBIJING、HENJUJIN,DIANTOUHAYAO、BUGOUYANXIAO,ZHESHIHENBIAOMIANDEXIANXIANG。

GESHIBEIZHAIZUOPIN《HUANSHU》,MIAOHUILEYIXIEHENYOUYISIDEMINJIANJIYIHECHUANSHUO。

RUGUONIZAIRIBENYOUGUOCHANGQIDESHENGHUO,HERIBENPENGYOUYOUSHENRUDEJIAOWANG,JIUHUIFAXIANRIBENRENDELIANGMIANXINGFEICHANGMINGXIAN。ZAIGONGKAI、ZHENGSHIDECHANGHE,RIBENRENHUIBIAOXIANDEHENNEILIAN、JUJIN,DANSHIYIDAOJUJIUWULIHEJIU,JIUGUOSANXUN,TAMENJIUHUI“YUANXINGBILU”,BIANDESHENMEHUADOUKEYISHUOLE。

SUOYIKANFUSHIHUIDECHUNHUA,BUJINJINYAOKANDAOTASEQINGDEYIMIAN,HUANYAOKANDAOTAGAOXIAODEYIMIAN,CONGLIANGFANGMIANQULIJIECHUNHUA,CAISHIBIJIAOZHENGQUEDEDAKAIFANGSHI。

浮世繪的高峰

是喜多川歌麿的大頭照

WOZUIXIHUANDEFUSHIHUIHUASHISHIXIDUOCHUANGE麿,TADEHUANENGQUANMIANDIBIAOXIANCHURIBENMINZUDEPINGE。

XIDUOCHUANGE麿《DANGSHISANMEIREN》,1793NIAN,JINHUI。TONGGUOSANWEIMEIRENLIANXINGHESHENQINGDEXIWEICHABIE,GE麿FUYULETAMENDUTEDEXINGGE。

FUSHIHUIZUICHUCHUXIANDESHIHOURENWUDOUSHIQUANSHENXIANG,MEIRENHUAYESHIQUANSHENXIANG。WEISHENMESHIQUANSHENXIANGNI?YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEIQUANSHENXIANGGENGFANGBIANBIAOXIANHEFUTUANZHIMEI,ZAOQIDEMEIRENHUAJIUSHIWEILEBIAOXIANHEFUDEWENYANG。

LINGCHUANSHIXUAN《DICHANGZHIHOU》,1673-1681NIAN。

LINGYIFANGMIAN,YONGMUKEBANHUALAIBIAOXIANRENWUYOUYIDINGDENANDU,MUKEBANHUASHIJIANJIEZUOHUA,HENNANHUADEWEIMIAOWEIXIAO、SHENGDONG,SUZAOWEIMIAODERENWUBIAOQINGBUTAIRONGYI。HUASHIYAOHENLIUYIDAOFENGDEZOUXIANG,SHAOBULIUSHENRENWUDEXIANTIAOJIUHUIDUAN,SHENZHIKENENGBANZIJIUHUIFEIDIAO,YAOZHONGXINLAIGUO。

SUOYIZHEZHONGHUASHOUDAOHENDADEJUXIAN。NIHUIGUOTOULAIKANZHONGGUOWENMINGLIDEMUBANHUA,YEJISHAOYOUYIRENWUTOUXIANGWEIZHUDEMUBANHUA。

LINGMUCHUNXINZHEYIDAIHUASHIBAHEIBAIDEFUSHIHUIBIANCHENGCAISEDEFUSHIHUI,ZAIDAOHOULAINIAOJUQINGCHANGHUASHITASUZAOCHUTINGTINGYULIDEMEIRENHUADEXINGXIANG,ZAIWANGHOUTUIJINDEHUA,JIUYAOTUPOQUANSHENXIANGMEIRENHUALE。

FUSHIHUIZAOQIQUANSHENXIANGHUAZUO,LINGMUCHUNXIN《XILI(HUILI)》,JINHUI

ZHESHIXIDUOCHUANGE麿CHUXIANLE,TABAYONGZAIGEWUJIYANYUANSHENSHANGDEDASHOUHUI(SUOWEIDASHOUHUIJIUSHIDATOUXIANGDESHOUFA)YUNYONGZAIMEIRENHUASHANGMIAN。

BUJINSHIZAIFUSHIHUIZHONG,ZHEZHONGSHOUFAFANGZAIQUANSHIJIEZHONG,WULUNSHIMUBANHUANSHITONGBANDEBANHUA,DOUSHIGEMINGXINGDEGAOFENG。

XIDUOCHUANGE麿《ZIJIANQIRENHUAZHUANG NANBOWUABEI》,JINHUI

從神佛,到人本身

到成為社會的鏡子

在《洛中洛外圖屏風》出現之前,日本的美術畫更多是宗教畫,或者說是佛教畫,是神佛的世界。到了《洛中洛外圖屏風》的京都,日本美術的關注點慢慢轉向了平民生活。

LUOZHONGLUOWAITUJUAN。

HUANJUHUASHUO,JIUSHICONGSHENFODESHIJIEZOUXIANGXIANSHIRENJIAN,RIBENMEISHUDEGUANZHUDIANCONGTIANSHANGZHUANDAOLEDIXIA。DUIXIANSHISHENGHUODEGUANZHUHEBIAOXIAN,YUELAIYUECHENGWEINEIGESHIDAIDEHUASHIDEZHUTI。

FUSHIHUIZUIDUOJIUSHISANZHANGZHILIANZAIYIQIDEDAXIAO,KUANDUZUIKUANYEBUGUOQIBASHIGONGFEN,SUOYIBUTAINENGBIAOXIANHENDADECHANGMIAN,DINGDUOSHIZAIMOUYIGEZHUTIZHIXIA,BABUTONGDEZUHUA、HUAMIANHUIJUZAIYIQI。

NVRENMENDUIJINGSHUZHUANG、BANTANGZAIDISHANG,XIJIAOYA,JIANZHIJIA,SHANGYING,CHUXING,PANGRUOWUREN。

YEXUPUTONGRENJUEDEFUSHIHUIJIUSHIMEIRENHUA,YINWEITASHIFUSHIHUIZUIDADETICAIZHIYI,DANFUSHIHUIBAOLUOWANXIANG,ZHENGGEJIANGHUSHIDAIDEPINGMINSHENGHUODOUKEYIZAIFUSHIHUIZHONGYOUSUOBIAOXIAN。ERTONGDE、XIANGPUDEDENGDENG,GEFANGMIANDOUYOU,SHENZHIHUANYOUFENGJINGHUAHEHOULAIDEGUIGUAIHUA。

《JIYUANGEZI》,GESHIYINGWEI。

HOULAI,FUSHIHUISHENZHIYOULEZHENBIANSHIBIDESHEHUIGONGNENG。BIRUGECHUANGUOFANG,TAZAIFUSHIHUIDELISHISHANGSHIYIGEHENLINGLEIDEHUASHI。

鈴木春信、鳥居清長、喜多川歌麿等人,都是在正常的浮世繪道路上走,但歌川國芳的性格比較另類,膽子比較大,更開放。他所處的江戶時代已經到了幕府統治的末期,整個社會的思想會比較活躍,幕府的統治能力開始下降,不再像當初施行嚴厲管制。

ZANQIYUANJUANSHUYINGJIUYUANWEICHAOTU,GECHUANGUOFANG。

TONGSHI,LAIZIXIFANGDEWENHUAYINGXIANGYEYUELAIYUEDUO。CONGHELAN,HUOSHISHUOOUZHOUCHUANGUOLAIDEXIFANGRENWENZHUYISIXIANG,SHIDEPINGMINSIXIANGDEDAOMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGDEJIEFANG。SHIJISHANGYEKEYIYONGWOMENZHONGGUODELIZILAIKAN,JIUXIANG1980NIANQIANHOUZHONGGUOSHEHUIFASHENGJUDABIANHUAYIYANG,MUFUMOQIYESHIRUCI。

GECHUANGUOFANGKEYISHUOSHIPINGMINWENHUADEDAIYANREN,TATILAOBAIXINGQUFASHENG、BIAODA,YONGBIJIAOWEIWANDESHOUFA,BIAODADUIMUFUTONGZHIDEBUMAN。TABUNENGZHIJIEHUAMUFUJIANGJUN,BIJINGSHISIZUI,SUOYITAYONGYINYU,RANGLAOBAIXINGQUCAI、QUPINWEI,CONGERKANCHUQIZHONGDEAOMIAO。

GECHUANGUOFANG《XIANGMAWANGJIUCHENG》,CHONGMANGUAIDANHEFENGCI。1843-1845NIAN,JINHUI。

FUSHIHUIDEZHENBIANSHIBIYESHICONGZHESHIHOUKAISHI,HOULAIYUYANYULIE。MUFUDAOTAIHOU,MINGZHIWEIXINCHENGGONG,RIBENKAISHIJINRUMINGZHISHIDAI。

ERMINGZHITIANHUANGSHANGTAIHOU,FUSHIHUIZAIMEISHENMERENGUANLE,FENGCIHUAKAISHIDAXINGQIDAO。ZAOQIDEFUSHIHUISHIBUCUNZAIFENGCIHUAZHEYISHUOFADE,FENGCIHUASHISUIZHUSHIDAIDEFAZHANZHUJIANYANBIANCHULAIDE。

印象派畫家

從浮世繪里找到想要的東西

RIBENMINZUDECHUANTONGHUIHUA,SHIJISHANGHEZHONGGUOHUIHUASHIYIYANGDE,TAMEIYOUKONGJIANGAN。

XIANGWOMENDEGUDAISHANSHUIHUA,SUIRANYOUSANDIANTOUSHI,DANSHIHEXIFANGDEKONGJIANTOUSHISHILIANGGEGAINIAN,JIBENSHIPINGMIANDE,MEIYOUZONGSHENDEBIAOXIANSHOUFA——ZHELIANGGEGAINIANZAIMEISHUSHANGSHIFENZHONGYAO,ZHENGSHIHOULAIXIFANGXIANDAIYISHUSUOYAOZHUIQIUDEFANGXIANG。

FANGAOSUOHUIDE《TANGJILAODIE》,BEIJINGZHONGYOUXUDUOFUSHIHUIHUAZUO。

印象派想推翻、逃脫文藝復興以來建立的寫實繪畫傳統,尤其是照相機出現后,他們不滿足于跟在現實后面去畫肉眼能看見的景象。印象派的畫家覺得應該回歸繪畫本身,用線條和色彩來表達。

YINXIANGPAIDEHUAJIAJUEDE,HUABUBIYIWUYISHIBAKANDAODEDONGXIHUAXIALAI,ZHECONGSHIJIUSHIJIKAISHIJIUSHIZHAOXIANGJIDESHIQINGLE,MEIBIYAOZAIRANGHUAJIAQUZUOLE。

TAMENCONGFUSHIHUISHANGZHAODAOTAMENZHUIQIUDEDONGXI:PINGMIANDE、ZHUANGSHIDESECAIHEXIANTIAO,CONGERTUIJINXIFANGDEYISHUBIANGE。XIANDAIDEHUIHUAJIUSHIPINGMIANDE、ZHUANGSHIDE,MEIYOUZAIMOFANGXIANSHIKONGJIAN。

AIDEHUA·MANAI《ZUOLAXIANG》,BUMIANYOUHUA,1868NIAN。MANAIWEIZUOLAMIAOXIEDEXIAOXIANGSHENHOUYOUYIXIAOFUFUSHIHUIBANHUA,YUYOUBIANYISHUJIADEZAONIANZUOPIN《AOLINPIYA》BINGZHI,ZUOCEHUANLILEYISHANRIBENPINGFENG。

DAOJINTIAN,RUGUOWOMENSHUOYIFUHUASHIXIESHIDE,NEITAJIUSHUYUGUDIANSHOUFADEHUIHUA。XIANDAIHUIHUAQIANGDIAOSECAIHESEKUAIDEBIAOXIANSHOUFA,SHITONGGUOYINXIANGPAIDEHUAJIACONGFUSHIHUIDEFENGGEZHONGZHUANBIANGUOLAIDE,TAMENQIFALEHOULAIDEHUASHIHEXIANDAIDEHUIHUA。

ZUOTU:FANGAO《YUZHONGDAQIAO》;YOUTU:GECHUANGUANGZHONG《DAQIAOBAOYU》

FUSHIHUISHIMUKEBANHUA,MUKEBANHUADELAIZIZHONGGUO,RIBENRENBAMUKEBANHUAXUEGUOLAI,ZAIBARIBENMINZUDEGONGJIANGXINGRONGRUJINQU。RIBENMINZUSHIFUYOUGONGJIANGXINGDEMINZU,TAMENHENSHANYUDONGSHOUZHIZUO,DANBUSHANYUSIBIAN、GUINA、ZONGJIECHANSHENGSIXIANG。RENHEDONGXIDAOTAMENSHOUZHONGDOUHUIBEIGAIZHUANG、GAIZAO。

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如果要用一個詞來形容浮世繪的氣質,那就是平民氣質。這是屬于老百姓自己的東西,而不是掛在墻上裝點空間或是給某些人去欣賞的藝術,它就是最親民、最貼近生活、最真實的。

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XIANGGUAN:

李宗盛心中依然住著那個少年每當聽到自我剖白的音樂,總能想到李宗盛的那首《山丘》。“越過山丘,才發現無人等候。”“還未如愿見到不朽,就把自己先搞丟。”“遺憾我們從未成熟,還沒能曉得,就已經老了。”“盡管心里活著的,還是那個年輕人。”臺灣金曲獎在頒獎詞中說道:“《山丘》寫出每個人心里深藏甚至尚未發現的部分,一舉擊中人心。”本文作者姚謙是一位作詞人,他在介紹兩位少年的“自傳體”歌曲時都同李宗盛的《山丘》進行了對照,這兩位少年一個叫許鈞,另一個就是年輕時的李宗盛。《生命中的精靈》發行時間 1986年1月23日作詞:李宗盛作曲:李宗盛演唱:李宗盛說到李宗盛,所有喜歡華..

日本浮世繪,不僅僅是春宮美人浮世繪是日本的名片之一,不論你是否熟悉日本文化,一定對那幅《神奈川沖浪里》有印象——它出現在裝飾畫中,出現在文創用品里,出現在衣飾上。如今,要欣賞精品的日本浮世繪,只能在畫廊里和展覽中,但浮世繪其實是純粹的“平民藝術”。浮世繪是古代中國繪畫在被日本改造之后的產物,它體現了日本人實用的工匠精神。在大航海時代開啟后,日本被卷入世界體系,浮世繪也傳入歐洲,并且影響了一眾意在擺脫寫實傳統的印象派畫家。我們采訪了上海美術學院教授、《浮世繪》作者潘力老師,讓他帶我們看看,一幅小小的浮世繪里,是怎樣一部精彩的日本文化史。?作者 | Felicia..

故宮里的“寶貝日記”:誰來記錄?有什么用?本 文 約 2090 字閱 讀 需 要 6 min誰為故宮寫下了無數“寶貝日記”1860年,英法聯軍攻入北京,侵略者大搖大擺地來到圓明園和頤和園,肆無忌憚地把寶貝全都搬回了自己家。 經過英法聯軍的洗劫之后,原本氣勢恢宏的皇家園林變得滿目瘡痍。 光頤和園的樂壽堂就有幾千件文物被破壞或丟失,剩下的只有一只四條腿的銅爐和一個盤子。那么,人們是如何知道樂壽堂丟失了多少寶貝的呢?原來,有一本叫作《樂壽堂陳設清冊》的冊子清楚地記錄了樂壽堂原本有哪些擺設和收藏品,人們查看冊子上的資料便知道哪些東西丟了,而這本冊子的作者便是內務府的大臣們。內務府不但要..

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